细节题也是托福听力考试中重点考察的题型,面对这种题型,同学们应该怎么应对呢?智课小编为大家整理了托福听力细节题实例解析,希望通过这些实例的讲解,对大家的听力做题,有更好的帮助。

  如何实现托福考试听力细节信息突破?

  1. 原因目的类

  2. 事件要素类

  3. 观点阐述类

  总的来说,细节类信息对应的题目大致可以分为以上三大类。当然,在做题时,偶尔也会出现一些“非主流”的考点,考生只需要稍加注意即可。

  首先是原因目的类的题目

  介绍到这,有一个问题就出现了,很多考生会跟老师们反映:“我连信号词都听不出来怎么办?”朗阁的老师建议这类考生不要从听开始练习,要从分析题目开始。找几套TPO的题目,横向比较一下原因目的类题目的出题方式,然后对照题目找到正确选项的原文出处,看看这些内容有没有一些表示原因的信号引导着,如果有,就把这个词标记出来(没有信号的情况,下文会提到)。进行完以上的步骤,方可以听录音,当录音进行到这类题目对应的位置时,开始逐句听写或跟读。每篇TPO都这样练习,很快就会对这类题目有感觉了。

  说到这儿,细节类题目才展现出了它真正的难度,这类题目往往都对那些听力在20分左右徘徊的考生构成了威胁。这类题目的特点就是“啰嗦”——在很多考生看来,5分钟一篇lecture好长好久,但记下来的东西少得可怜。其实很多重要的细节概括都被忽视了,这些内容很可能就是出题点。

  这道题目的关键字眼是Gilbert Island, 在录音中考生很容易能听到Gilbert Island, 但是这个词引导的内容非常多,对应的录音位置第一部分为“take the case of the Gilbert Islands. They are part of Polynesia and lie very close to the equator, and the people there were able to divide the sky into symmetrical boxes, according to the main directions, north, east, south and west. And they could precisely describe the location of the star by indicating its position in one of those imaginary boxes. And they realized that you had to know the stars in order to navigate. In fact, there is only one word for both in the Gilbert Islands. When you wanted a star expert, you asked for a navigator.” 录音中“they could precisely describe the location of the star by indicating its position in one of those imaginary boxes”对应的选项为A, 而“When you wanted a star expert, you asked for a navigator”对应选项D。‍

  最后,我们来看看爱“找理由”的观点阐述类题目。这种题目的问法一般比较常规,即“教授对……又怎样的看法”之类的问题,而对应的录音却有比较鲜明的标志。这种标志一般是一类词——形容词。当录音中说话者在表达“……是怎样的”时,这句话就是信号,后面所说的内容即为解释内容,可能一句话结束,也可能是接二连三的句子。而这些形容词,又是比较常见的,如interesting, surprising, revolutionary, fundamental, exciting等等。所以,考生们在解这类题目时,宗旨就是凡有震惊兴奋之处,必埋伏着一道题目。

  教授在介绍画家第二种风格的时候说到:“one other painting i really want you to look at is of a young woman surrounded by pumpkins. You will notice that the woman’s face is so realistic looking that it’s almost like a photograph. The woman’s nose is a little less than perfect and her hair is kind of messed up. That’s realism. But then, the background of the painting, this woman with the pumpkins is wrapped in a blanket of broad thick of brushstrokes, and it’s all kinds of zigzagging brushstrokes and lines, kind of chaotic almost when you look at it close.”

  请注意这段文字中有两处关键信息,一是介绍了一种绘画风格,留心事件要素类信息出现;二是录音中出现了大量修饰这种风格的形容词“so realistic, a little less than perfect, kind of messed up”。这两个关键信息考生们需要引起注意,在这里会埋藏考点。当然,这里还有一个更为敏感的地方,就是说话者用了转折词but, 使得答案更为明显。

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