托福考试各单项选取材料与话题都与真实的美国大学校园学习与生活密切相关,尤其是听力涉及大量的校园学习生活场景。掌握必要的北美校园场景词汇短语会有效助力我们的托福备考。下面我们来看和北美校园场景相关的常用表达集锦第二组,大家可以在备考过程中注意加强应用。

  61.references/bibliography [.bibli'ɔgrəfi] n. 参考书目

  Ex: Bibliography usually appears at the end of the thesis.

  62.term paper n. 学期论文

  Ex: Bill has written only one-third of his term paper that is due tomorrow

  63.graduate school application 研究生申请

  Ex: My professor offered me some advice concerning the wording of my graduate school application

  64.transcript ['trænskript] n. 成绩单

  Ex: I want to continue my studies. I would appreciate it if you could send me a transcript

  65.diploma [di'pləumə] n. 文凭

  Ex: Anyone with a high school diploma can enroll in the course.

  66.recall [ri'kɔ:l] v. 召回

  Ex: If the book is recalled by other students then you have to return it within 7 working days.

  67.certificate [sə'tifikit] n. 证书

  Ex: high school/college diploma

  68.scholarship ['skɔləʃip] n. 奖学金

  Ex: She got/received/won a scholarship to Yale University

  69.fellowship ['feləuʃip] n. 研究生奖学金

  Ex: She's applied for a research fellowship.

  70.grant [grɑ:nt] n. 资助

  Ex: They gave/awarded her a grant to study abroad for one year.

  71.registration [.redʒi'streiʃən] n. 注册

  Ex: Registration for the course will take place a week before the start of term.

  72.sign up for 选课

  Ex: She's signed up for evening classes at the community college.

  73.major ['meidʒə] n. 主修专业

  Ex: He chose history as his major and French as his minor

  74.minor ['mainə] n. 副修专业

  Ex: She majored in chemistry with a minor in biology

  75.academic advisor 学习顾问

  Ex: Academic advisors provide students with accurate information about academic progression and degree requirements.

  76.approva [ə'pru:vəl] n. 允许 许可

  Ex: I need to get the professor’s signature on my schedule card here, on the line above advisor’s approval.

  77.quit/drop 放弃 退课

  Ex: I have to drop my chemistry course last semester when I went into the hospital, so I need to take it again,

  78.credit ['kredit] n. 学分

  Ex: He's already got a credit/three credits in earth science

  79.Registrar ['redʒi.strɑ:] n. (学校)注册主任

  Ex: at some colleges, an official in charge of examinations, keeping records and admitting new students

  80.enroll [in'rəul] v. 登记

  Ex: I enrolled for/in/on the modern art course.

  81.library ['laibrəri] n. 图书馆

  Ex: The library loans books, CDs and videotapes.

  82.student ID card 学生证

  Ex: You have to show your student ID card in order to go to the university gym.

  83.library card 借书证

  Ex: I’ve lost my library card and I can’t borrow any books until I get a new one.

  84.fiction ['fikʃən] n. 小说

  Ex: The book is a work of fiction and not intended as a historical account.

  85.reference book(=reference) 参考书

  Ex: The reference book I want to borrow has been put on reserve by the professor.

  86.encyclopedia [en.saikləu'pi:diə] n. 百科全书

  Ex: Does anyone know when Mozart was born?" "Look it up in the encyclopedia."

  87.periodical [.piəri'ɔdikəl] n. 期刊

  Ex: She has written for several legal periodicals.

  88.magazine [.mægə'zi:n] n. 杂志

  Ex: She's the editor of a popular women's magazine.

  89.current issue 现刊

  Ex: Current issues are put on the shelves in the periodical section.

  90.back issue 过刊

  Ex: Back issues of newspapers are put in the basement of the library.

  91.journal ['dʒə:nl] n. 学术杂志

  Ex: The library subscribes to all the major science journals.

  92.newspaper ['nju:z.peipə] n. 报纸

  Ex: Which newspaper do you read regularly?

  93.atlas ['ætləs] n. 地图册

  Ex: an atlas of the world

  94.almanac ['ɔ:lmənæk] n. 年鉴

  Ex: a book published every year that contains facts and information such as important days, times of the sun rising and going down or changes in the moon

  95.video 录像带

  Ex: We're going to rent a couple of videos to watch this weekend

  96.VCR 录像机= Video Cassette Recorder

  Ex: a machine you use to record television programmes or play videotapes

  97.declare a major 选专业

  Ex:You must declare a major by the end of your sophomore year

  98.online database 在线数据库

  Ex: We're linked to the on-line database at our head office.

  99.project 功课 任务

  Ex: In our third year at college everyone had to do a special project.

  100.photocopier ['fəutə.kɔpiə] n. 复印机

  Ex: I have a photocopier in my office that automatically sorts sheets of paper into different bins.

  101.photocopy 复印

  Ex: I'll just make a photocopy of the agreement.

  Could you photocopy those three pages for me, please?

  102.printer 打印机

  Ex :The future of high-quality printing in businesses belongs to laser printers.

  103.interlibrary service 图书馆馆际互借服务

  Ex: Interlibrary services are services provided mutually by libraries with the aim of making library documents, irrespective of the place where they are deposited, available to all their users.

  104.closed reserve 非外借书库

  Ex: If a print resource will be in high demand they can request that item placed in the Closed Reserve.

  105.put …on reserve 把资料放在非外借书库

  Ex: The librarian has put the book on reserve for me

  106.multimedia 多媒体

  Ex: We bought a multimedia encyclopedia.

  107.online catalogue ['kætəlɔ:g] n. 在线书目

  Ex: There is a new catalogue of all the books in the library.

  108.keyword 关键字

  Ex: You can type in the keyword to locate the book you are looking for.

  109.call number 索书号

  Ex: A call number is a group of numbers and/or letters put together to tell you where in the library to find your book.

  110.check out 办理外借手续

  Ex: Residents now have to pay $50 a year to check out books from the state university library.

  111.recall [ri'kɔ:l] n. 召回

  Ex: If an item is recalled, it's loan period will be shortened to two weeks.

  112.circulation desk [.sə:kju'leiʃən] 借书台

  Ex: When visiting the library in person, you can bring the material you want to check out to one of two circulation desks on the main level of the library.

  113.loan period/borrowing period [ləun] 借书期限

  Ex: The loan period for circulating materials varies according to the status of the borrower.

  114.renew [ri'nju:] v. 续借

  Ex: He renewed the book for another two months

  115.overdue ['əuvə'dju:] adj. 过期的

  Ex: The library books are overdue.

  116.fine [fain] n. 罚款,罚金

  Ex: I got a fine for not returning library books on time.

  117.bachelor's degree 学士学位

  Ex: He graduated from North Dakota State University in 1993 with a bachelor's degree in civil engineering.

  118.grade point average (学生各科成绩)平均积分点

  Ex: Despite this tragedy, she graduated with the second highest grade point average in her high school.

  119.general education 通识教育

  Ex: All courses in the General Education program strive to stimulate critical or analytic thinking.

  120.discipline ['disiplin] n. 学科

  Ex: History and economics only became separate academic disciplines in the 20th century.

展开显示全文