托福阅读作为托福考试中的一个部分,是需要同学们在平时积累托福词汇和托福素材的,本文小编将为同学们带来托福阅读背景素材之虚拟现实法治疗抑郁症的素材,同学们在备考托福时,也需要要找一些类似的素材进行积累,只有这样才能考出理想的托福成绩!

  阿凡达疗法,是科学家受阿凡达的“化身”技术启发,将虚拟现实用在抑郁症治疗上的一种新型技术。技术的关键是让患者把一个虚拟的自己当成自己的“化身”,让虚拟成人安慰自己,从而摆脱抑郁症的困扰。

  Patients wore a virtual reality headset to see fromthe perspective of a life-size 'avatar' or virtual body. Seeing this virtual body in a mirror moving in thesame way as their own body typically produces theillusion that this is their own body. This is called'embodiment'.

  患者头戴一个虚拟现实头盔后, 可看到一个与自己大小一样并动作同步的虚拟形象,会把这个形象看做自己的“化身”,以他/她的视角来看待外物。

  While embodied in an adult avatar, participants were trained to express compassiontowards a distressed virtual child.

  在“化身”为成人阿凡达后,。研究人员让患者通过这个“化身”安慰一个虚拟出来的悲伤男孩,

  As they talked to the child it appeared to gradually stop crying and respond positively tothe compassion.

  在患者与这名男孩交谈后,男孩逐渐不再哭泣,对安慰作出积极回应。

  After a few minutes the patients were embodied in the virtual child and saw the adultavatar deliver their own compassionate words and gestures to them.

  几分钟后,研究人员让患者把这个虚拟男孩当做自己的“化身”,让虚拟成人安慰虚拟男孩。

  This brief eight-minute scenario was repeated three times at weekly intervals, and patientswere followed up a month later. Of the 15 participants, nine reported reduced depressivesymptoms a month after the therapy.

  这个过程持续8分钟,每星期重复3次。一个月后,9名患者症状减轻,其中4名显著减轻。

  Virtual reality has also previously been used to treat psychological disorders includingphobias and post-traumatic stress disorder, but this research focused on a new applicationfor promoting emotional well-being.

  虚拟现实技术此前已被用于治疗多种心理障碍,如恐惧症、创伤后应激障碍等,但此次研究聚焦于改善患者心理健康这一新领域。

  以上就是小编为同学们整理的托福阅读背景素材之虚拟现实法治疗抑郁症的全部内容,希望能够帮助正在备考托福的同学们!

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