对于托福听力考试,其实出题点还是可以从中找到一些规律的。如果你为考试时长而暂时无法保持集中精力时,不妨就重点记一下听力中的暗示性的关键词,这些可能就是破题的关键。托福听力里的题目基本上靠这个方法可以找到答案。

  当然啦,要做到这一点也并不是一件很容易的事。大家首先要把基本功练好,包括词汇,听写,速记的能力,如果缺少这些基本的训练,那么考试的时候依然是听不懂的。

  所以希望同学们在备考的前期,能够耐下心来,完成相对较为漫长且枯燥的听力练习。

  下面我们就来谈谈同学们在考试中如何最大化地预测的出题点。

  1、听力的每篇第一题,一定是主旨题

  无论对话还是讲座,第一题永远会考目的和主题。对话中常规考的是目的,讲座绝大多数考主题。

  所以,在听对话的时候,任何一个说话者提到的“I need to …/I’m wondering…/I want to…/I’d like to …”,大家一定要记录下来这些信号词后面的内容,这就是目的题的答案。

  讲座的主题大多数会有一个较为明显的主旨句,当大家听到“Now I’m going to talk about/will discuss/ today we will talk about/But today I’d like to introduce…” 等这样的信号句,后面跟的学术概念就是主旨的答案。

  偶有例外的是,音频中并没有出现任何一句上述的信号句,那么同学们在判断选项的时候,就需要用排除法,选择一个范围较大的,内容较为笼统的,能否代表音频的大部分内容,用排除法相对比较安全。

  【举个例子】

  TPO 8 C1 中,学生在一开始提到I’d like to drop off my graduation form, 那么这就是这篇对话的目的,PURPOSE.

  TPO 17 L4 中,教授一开始就提到Now I want to talk about an animal that has an fascinating defense mechanisms, 就是这篇讲座的主题了。

  2、ETS经常会采用的对比,转折

  出现两者做对比的,前后逻辑有转折关系的,都是潜在的考点。

  下面的信号词:

  做对比的,compared to, by contrast, on contrary, contradictory, on the other hand;

  表转折的:however, but

  这点也是基本上每一篇都会出题的地方,这些信号词后面跟着的内容,就是题目的答案。

  【举个例子】

  TPO5 L4中: On the other hand, descriptions of characters and settings can be developed more completely.

  TPO17 L4中: The octopus can release a cloud of ink if it feels threatened. But it doesn’t hide behind it, as is generally believed. Um, the ink cloud is ... it serves to distract a predator while the octopus makes its escape.

  TPO 5 L1中: An organism often cannot survive with a mutated gene. And so a gene usually cannot be passed on, unless it’s an exact copy. For memes however, fidelity is not always so important.

  3、否定

  在对话或者讲座中,说话者表达否定的:have no…, without,can’t be ;以及讲座中提及某个学术知识时,出现的否性形容词,比如:unusual, irrelevant,impossible。

  【举个例子】

  TPO9 L3: First the rains that fell there were torrential. So it would've been impossible for all the water to soak into the ground.

  TPO1 L3: And it maybe this burial custom that explains why the houses were packed in so tightly without streets.

  4、表达观点和态度

  对话中一般出现,说话者的态度;讲座中会出现教授对于某个理论的观点,或者陈述某一个,几个科学家的观点。

  以下是考点信号词:think, feel, believe, criticize, guess, assume/assumption, speculate/speculation, evidence, convincing

  观点的表达分为三类,肯定,否定,不确定。

  【举个例子】

  TPO11 L1:And in a broken wing display the bird spreads and drags the wings or its tail, and while it does that, it slowly moves away from the nests so it really looks like a bird with a broken wing. And these broken wing displays can be pretty convincing. 教授认为这些broken wing display说服理非常强,表示肯定的态度

  TPO3 C2:

  Student:Sounds like it could be a lot of work. Is there … is there any way I can use the experience to get some extra credit in class? I mean, can I write a paper about it?

  Professor:I think it’ll depend on what type of work you do in the excavation.

  上述例子中,教授就给出了不确定的答案,没有肯定或者否定学生的问题。

  5、举例

  例子的内容占时篇幅可能会比较长,但大多数情况下,都不会考例子中具体的信息,而会考这个例子是为了说明某个论点,而论点一般出现在例子之前。

  那么同学们在听的时候,可以省略掉例子中的细节,而注重例子所证明的点做记录。

  【举个例子】

  TPO2 L1: It’s called ideomotor action. Ideomotor action is an activity that occurs without our noticing it, without our being aware of it. I’ll give you one simple example. If you think of locations, there tends to be eye movement that occurs with… 这个例子就是为了说明ideomotor action。

  6、 其他信号词

  interesting, problem是两个最为典型,出题几率极高的。即使这两个词后面的内容,没有被直接提问,也极大可能会出现某个题目得选项中,记录号信息也能帮同学们提高题目正确率。

  音频有interesting的时候,几乎可以100%确定之后的内容会出题。

  【举个例子】

  TPO18 L1中:In 1843, astronomer named Heinrich Schwabe made an interesting claim, Schwabe had been watching the Sun every day that it was visible for 17 years, looking for evidence of a new planet. 紧接着后面提到了CLAIM内容,被出成考题。

  Problem出题的几率也是非常高的。

  The problem is /but there is a problem……

  【举个例子】

  TPO 15 L1中:And that's part of the problem with the CFQ. It doesn ’ t take other factors into account enough, like forgetfulness.

  大家在听得时候,一定要去把CFQ的缺点记下来,出细节题的可能比较大。

  7、结尾的结论

  托福的对话中,一般在结尾的时候同学们要有意识去思考,说话人来的目的是否被满足,问题有时候被解决,很有可能会出成推论题。

  讲座中,在结尾的时候一般会给主题下一个结论, 同学们在听的时候要记得关联对应的主题,看是不是有确定的结论,还是依然需要更多的资料,未来才能解决。

  【举个例子】

  TPO2 L1中,文章结尾提到: Is there anything else that might account for this change in muscular activity, other than saying that it is thinking? And the answer is clearly yes. Is there any way to answer the question definitively? I think the answer is no.

  证明这个问题目前为止,不能得到积极肯定的结果。

  TPO 3 L3中,文章结尾提到: So, why these precise animals? Why not birds, fish, snakes? Was it for their religion, magic or sheer beauty? We don’t know. But whatever it was, it was worth it to them to spend hours deep inside a cave with just a torch between them and utter darkness.

  同样,结尾的结论依然是未知的。

  以上就是小编为大家整理了托福听力中暗示性关键词就是出题点的相关内容,大家备考托福听力注意这些方面,然后再练习中去这样的操作,相信很快就可以找到答案。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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