很多人眼里中的托福写作就是速度与字数的博弈。其实不然,我们也会看到有些学生写了满满400字的独立写作,但是分数还是很不理想。提高托福写作中句子的正确率才是真正的有用提分药剂。以下几种常出现的语法错误,对于想要得到托福作文分数的提升的朋友来说,不可不看。

  1

  常犯错误1:不一致

  除了常说的主谓不一致,还有数的不一致、时态不一致及代词不一致等。

  例子: The relationship between Ashiley and Suzan remaintense.

  分析:本句主语是relationship 是单数第三人称,因而本句的remain应改为remains。本句是典型的主谓不一致。

  改:The relationship between Ashiley and Suzan remainstense.

  2

  常犯错误2:词性误用

  这类错误是考生最常犯的。 最经常能够看到的状况就是名词作动词用,形容词副词动词混用,介词当动词用。

  例: None can negative the importance of money.

  分析: negative 为形容词,不能当做动词使用。

  改: None can deny the importance of money.

  3

  常犯错误3: 悬垂修饰语

  悬垂修饰语指的是句首短语与后面句子的逻辑关系混乱不清。

  例如:Hearing a number of entertaining stories, our visitwas enjoyable.

  分析:在该句中,句首的“hearing a number of entertaining stories”与句子的逻辑关系混乱不清。这样的放置使得主语不明确,如果与后句公用主语“our visit”,则语义不通。

  改:Hearing a number of entertaining stories,we enjoyed our visit.

  来看另一个例子: when only several years old, my mother took meto a dance class.

  分析: 同样“when only several years old”也是悬垂修饰语

  改:When I was only several years old, my mother took meto a dance class.

  4

  常犯错误4:句子不完整

  在日常口语交流中,身体语言与语气都可以帮助交际双方理解彼此想表达的含义,尽管句子不完整,但仍可以被理解与接受。可是写作中,句子结构不完整,往往会模糊语义,不能清晰的向读者呈现真实意思。

  例子:There are many ways to know a man. For example byhis temper, his hobbies and so on.

  分析:一个完整的句子包含明确的主谓宾。而本句后半部分“For example by his temper,his hobbies and so on.”是典型的不完整句子。对于这个句子可以附加在一个句子后面,用逗号隔开。

  改:There are many ways to know a man, for example by histemper, his hobbies and so on.

  5

  常犯错误5: 指代不清

  Mary was friendly to my sister because she wanted her to become her bridesmaid.

  分析:整句话,指代不清,读完后,完全无法判断两位姑娘谁是伴娘。指示代词不恰当的使用会造成语义模糊。

  改: Mary was friendly to my sister because she wanted mysister to become her bridesmaid.

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