任何一个人,都要必须养成自学的习惯,即使是今天在学校的学生,也要养成自学的习惯,因为迟早总要离开学校的!自学,就是一种独立学习,独立思考的能力。行路,还是要靠行路人自己。自己学习一定要找对方法,今天智课网就给大家分享一下托福阅读定位方法供大家参考。

  1,定位最优先的是用特殊名词,例如大写的或者是表示人名地名等的专有名词,比如下面的这个题目。

  According to paragraph 1, which of the following is true of the white-tailed deer of Puget Sound?

  这个问题的定位词会有2个,一个是White-tailed deer, 第2个定位词是Puget Sound。

  2,数字也是一种比较好的用来定位的方法,因为它在原文中可以非常容易找到。例如,下面这个题目:

  According to paragraph 3, how had Fort Vancouver changed by the time David Douglas returned in 1832?

  用1832来定位可以快速地帮我们找到原文中的相关内容。

  3,还有其他的一般名词,这个不做过多的说明了,我们来进行几个定位的练习

  Which of the following is mentioned in paragraph 6 as one of the ways the Mutoscope differed from the Kinetoscope?

  Paragraph 2 supports the idea that, before the 1970s, most archaeologists held which of the following views about the earliest people to reach the Americas?

  According to the passage, the classification of organisms as “opportunists” or “competitors” is determined by

  According to paragraph 3, how had Fort Vancouver changed by the time David Douglas returned in 1832?

  According to paragraph 3, which of the following is true about periods when the demand for electricity is relatively low?

  我们来对一下答案,第一个问题的定位词是Mutoscope和Kinetoscope,第2个是1970,第3个是Opportunists和Competitors,第4个是1832或者是大写的FV或者是David Douglas, 第5个是the demand for electricity is relatively low.

  然后我们来看一个定位比较难的题目,来阐述定位的准确性对于做题的重要性。

  Paragraph 2: ……Sculptures must, for example, be stable, which requires an understanding of the properties of mass, weight distribution, and stress. Paintings must have rigid stretchers so that the canvas will be taut, and the paint must not deteriorate, crack, or discolor. These are problems that must be overcome by the artist because they tend to intrude upon his or her conception of the work. For example, in the early Italian Renaissance, bronze statues of horses with a raised foreleg usually had a cannonball under that hoof. This was done because the cannonball was needed to support the weight of the leg. In other words, the demands of the laws of physics, not the sculptor's aesthetic intentions, placed the ball there. That this device was a necessary structural compromise is clear from the fact that the cannonball quickly disappeared when sculptors learned how to strengthen the internal structure of a statue with iron braces (iron being much stronger than bronze).

  According to paragraph 2, sculptors in the Italian Renaissance stopped using cannonballs in bronze statues of horses because

  ○they began using a material that made the statues weigh less

  ○they found a way to strengthen the statues internally

  ○the aesthetic tastes of the public had changed over time

  ○the cannonballs added too much weight to the statues

  大家可以先做这个题目。好了,这个题的定位词一般都比较容易找得到,就是Italian Renaissance,或者是cannonballs对吧?因为它们是大写或者是专有的名词。那么我们根据这个定位词的话会定位到原句中的中间 for example 那个句子对吧?到这一步基本上大家都没有什么问题。然后那句话是说例如,在早期意大利文艺复兴的时候,马的铜雕像会有前蹄抬起来,这样的雕像经常会有铁球在蹄子下。但是这句话好像没有回答原文的问题对吧?因为原题问的是为什么这些雕塑家会停止用铁球。很多同学会继续往后找到下一句, this was done because……然后发现这里有个原因,是因为铁球是用来支持脚的重量的。所以就有了选A或者D的。但是仔细分析,你会发现这句话其实也没有回答原句的问题,因为问题问的是停止使用的原因,而刚才这句话回答的是用的原因,所以也不对。其实最后的定位句应该是最后一句,quickly disappeared才对应着stop using,所以这句话才是为什么不用的原因,后面说雕刻家知道如何通过用铁架加强雕像的内部结构,所以就不用铁球了,所以答案是选B。

  以上就是智客网为大家分享的托福阅读定位方法,大家要根据自己的实际情况活学活用,预祝大家取得好成绩。考生可登录智课网论坛//bbs.smartstudy.com/,免费下载更多托福阅读热门备考资料。


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