托福写作难点之怎样写名词化地道句子。托福写作说简单也是简单,但是难就难在怎样写出名词化的地道句子,让考官觉得这是一个英语运用高手呢?想给自己在这方面加分其实不难,首先你需要通读下文,自然会知晓怎样写出地道的托福写作来。

  中英文语言存在文化差异,英语中动词名词化的使用非常常见,然而,由于思维方式的原因,对于中国学生来说,在写英语作文的时候,名词化并不是想象中的那么容易。擅用名词化不仅体现了你的新托福写作水平,更是一种思维方式。

  如果在托福写作中,如果能见到一些名词化的句子,必将为自己的托福写作冲刺高分带来帮助。有人更是戏说道,老外眼中句子分为3个档次,最差的是主动句,较好的是被动句,倒装句等,最好nominalization(名词化)的句子,这样的句子最学术最适合写论文。那么面对这样的差异,我们需要重新审视我们写作中的思维方式,做到如何恰到好处又不“画蛇添足”。

  简单说,名词化即是动词或形容词被用作名词的现象。比如动词转成名词:discovery->discovery, move->movement, refuse->refusal,又比如形容词转成名词:careless->carelessness, difficult->difficulty, intense->intensity。那么什么情况下,我们需要进行名词化呢?   

       A 谓语动词的宾语部分

  原句:I do not know either what she meant or what he intends.

  名词化:I do not know either her meaning or his intentions.

  B 结合被动形式

  原句:If people decide without enough persuasive information,...

  名词化:If a decision is made without enough persuasive information,...

  C 取代诸如从句中“the fact that”的用法

  原句:The fact that I denied what he accused me of impressed the jury.

  名词化:My denial of his accusations impressed the jury.

  更好的名词化:a. When I denied his accusations, I impressed the jury.   b. In denying his accusations, I impressed the jury.

  D 名词化部分用在there is/are的后面

  原句:We demand that the government stop taxing entertainment.

  名词化:There is a demand for an end to taxation on entertainment.

  原句:The floods considerably eroded the land.

  名词化:There was considerable erosion of the land from the floods.

  然而,有些时候,在我们的新托福写作方式中认为理所应当使用“名词化”时,老外认为是没有必要的。

  比如:

  A 名词化部分跟在动词后面

  原句(名词化“冗余”):The police conducted an investigation into the matter.

  改后:The police investigated the matter.

  B 名词化部分作为主语

  原句:Our discussion is concerned with a tax cut.

  改后:We discussed a tax cut.

  C 连续进行名词化

  原句:a. First, she reviewed the evolution of the dorsal fin.   b. There was a first a review of the evolution of the dorsal fin.

  改后:First, she reviewed how the dorsal fin evolved.

  D 连接部分名词化

  原句:Their cessation of hostilities was because of their personnel losses.

  改后:They ceased hostilities because they lost personnel.

  原句:The instability of the motor housing did not preclude the completion of the field trials.

  改后:Even though the motor housing was unstable, the research staff completed the field trials.

  托福写作难点之怎样写名词化地道句子,同学们学习到这一重点了吗?如果不清楚的地方请咨询智课网的在线老师哦~


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