托福写作托福考生来说,相较于托福口语托福听力,托福写作拿到一个不上不下的分数就比较容易。但是拿到高分却很难,因为很少有考生的托福写作让考官眼前一亮,所以今天智课就带大家来解析托福写作30分高分的句型。

  一、如何表示“文章”与“听力”

  文章

  the reading passage/the reading/the passage(摘自官方指南)

  或

  the article/the reading section/the writer/the author

  听力

  the lecture/the professor(摘自官方指南)

  或

  the listening passage/the listening/the listening section/the lecturer/the speaker

  二、如何表示“认为、主张、声称”

  虽然各个英语单词的地位都是一样的,没有高低贵贱之分,但您总不能一个think杀到底吧!天涯何处无芳草,何必单恋一think呢,请看:

  say/believe(稍简单)

  claim/state/argue/assert/maintain(语气越来越强硬)

  suggest/indicate/imply(有“暗示”的含义,语气稍弱)

  take the view that/hold the opinion that/have a notion that(貌似比think颜值稍高*_*)

  但一定要注意,表示“文章/听力认为”要用一般现在时,且是第三人称单数(以上表达均可跟that从句),而描述历史事件时态应跟原文保持一致。来看一个例子:

  【例】However, the professor says that tea was popular only in southern China, not in the north where Polo stayed.

  三、如何表示“反驳”

  challenge/disprove/refute/contradict

  question/cast doubt on(这两个词宾语一般不能是人)

  【例】challenge a claim, an assertion, a verdict

  (来源:Oxford Advanced Learner’s English-Chinese Dictionary)

  【例】These figures disproved Smith's argument.

  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  【例】an attempt to refute Darwin's theories

  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  【例】Recent evidence has tended to contradict established theories on this subject.

  (来源:Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary)

  【例】Two months ago, results from a European study questioned whether early treatment with the drug really improved survival.

  (来源:Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary)

  【例】Last night a top criminal psychologist cast doubt on the theory.

  (来源:Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s Dictionary 5th Edition)

  四、如何组织语言

  开头段

  句型一:The lecture is a discussion concerning the issue of (主题), which challenges the main idea in the reading passage.

  亮点:

  1) the issue of…。一定要注意issue of后应该是名词或一个从句,不能是句子

  2) concerning是about的升级版,也可以用regarding或with regard to替换concerning

  3) which引导的非限制性定语从句

  【例】We should raise the issue of discrimination with the council.

  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  【例】Dillon addressed the issue of child abuse in his speech.

  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  【例】G-8 leaders call for Syrian peace talks, sidestep issue of whether Assad should go

  (来源:Washington Post官网,地址为//www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/obama-g-8-leaders-cite-weak-economic-prospects/2013/06/18/755e2064-d813-11e2-a016-92547bf094cc_story.html)

  【例】the issue of how to provide adequate child care

  (来源:American Heritage Dictionary 4th Edition)

  句型二:The writer claims in the reading passage that (文章论点), whereas the professor argues in the lecture that (听力论点). Obviously, they hold differing views on the same topic.

  亮点:

  1) in the reading passage和in the lecture其实把claims that和argues that分开了,这是一个分裂结构

  2) whereas是while的升级版,前面有没有逗号都行

  3) differing是different的升级版,还可以说成conflicting/opposing/opposite/contrary/divergent/contradictory

  句型三:Despite the point made by the writer that (文章论点), the professor casts doubt on what the writer states by saying that (听力论点).

  亮点:

  1) despite + 名词 + 过去分词作后置定语

  2) 用by saying that引出听力论点

  中间段

  句型一:In the first place, the author presents a viewpoint that (文章分论点). The listening passage, by contrast, puts forward a divergent opinion that (听力分论点). This is because (解释).

  亮点:

  1) viewpoint是point的升级版

  2) by contrast/in contrast表示对比,且为插入语,还可以用however/nevertheless/nonetheless替换,但意思不同,请认真体会

  3) put forward是have的升级版

  句型二:Another point of view expressed by the lecturer is that (听力分论点), which contradicts the statement given by the reading that (文章分论点). Then the lecturer supports his point by saying that (解释).

  亮点:

  1) another其实也可以表示列举的第二项,如果把another换成the first/the second/the final,这个句型就可以用在中间段的不同段落

  2) supports his point by saying that避免了老用because表示原因

  句型三:Finally, although the reading passage asserts that (文章分论点), contrary to what the reading states, the professor maintains that (听力分论点). In order to prove his theory, the professor says that (解释).

  亮点:

  1) 用contrary to作提前的状语引出反驳

  2) 用in order to作提前的状语表示目的

  3) 用prove his theory替换了上面的supports his point

  【例】Contrary to what the public was told, weapons were still being exported.

  (来源:Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English)

  【例】The new claim is directly contrary to what was originally stated.

  (来源:Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English)

  五、到底写不写结尾段

  至于到底写不写结尾段,众说纷纭,笔者认为可写可不写——无论是开头段还是中间段,句式都差不多,如果再加一个结尾段,难免会有重复和冗余之嫌,而且综合写作的官方字数上限是225,写超了到底扣不扣分,谁也不知道。我的理解是,综合写作其实考察了考生提取有效信息的能力,如果写得太长,就有这种能力不强之嫌,所以还是小心为妙。如果小伙伴们看了这篇文章后,“根本停不下来”,忍不住想写,也是可以的,但一定要注意句式和用词的准确与多样。

  以上便是智课为大家带来的托福写作30分高分的句型解析,希望对大家有所帮助~


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