本文的资料是托福tpo41听力Lecture2题目及答案解析,目前智课网已经给大家更新到了托福TPO53套,是比较全面的一版资料,所以建议大家来智课网提供手机号下载或者进行在线模考!

  点击获得托福TPO41听力原文资料汇总

  Lecture2(united States History)

  QUESTIONS

  1. What is the lecture mainly about?

  a. The growth and influence of historical institutions in the early United States

  b. Facts and myths about Christopher Columbus

  c. New information about events that occurred during Columbus’ explorations

  d. How Columbus' story was used to help create a national identity for the United States

  答案: D

  破题关键词汇:mainly about

  解析:(从第1秒开始,原文重现:It's interesting how much we can learn about culture in the United States by looking at how Christopher Columbus has been portrayed throughout United States' history.)

  教授在Lecture的开篇就说,我们能从哥伦布的故事中学到很多美国的历史和文化,所以D选项正确。

  2. According to the professor, why did John Pintard promote the commemoration of the three hundredth anniversary of Columbus' landing?

  a. To encourage patriotism

  b. To demonstrate his own wealth and influence

  c. To lessen the influence held by the leaders of the American revolution

  d. To correct what he claimed were mistaken beliefs about Columbus

  答案: A

  破题关键词汇:promote the commemoration

  解析:(从第1分06秒开始,原文重现:Well, to Pintard it was a way to build patriotism in the young, politically fractured country.)

  从教授的回答可知,Pintard推行这个纪念会的目的是为了树立起人们的爱国精神,所以A选项正确。

  3. What were two contributing factors to the selection of Columbus as a United States national hero?

  Click on 2 answers.

  a. His writings were popular at the time

  b. He had no connection to the rulers of Britain.

  c. The leaders of the revolution did not want to be considered heroes.

  d. Few people were more famous in the early years of the United States.

  答案: B, C

  破题关键词汇:national hero

  解析:(从第1分38秒开始,原文重现:And Columbus, he felt Columbus could become a story that Americans could tell each other about their national origins that was outside of the British colonial context.

  从第2分03秒开始,原文重现:The leaders of the revolution were the natural candidates to be heroes, but many were still alive and didn't want the job.)

  根据原文可知,推举哥伦布作为美国民族英雄的主要原因有两个,一个是哥伦布与英国殖民环境无关,所以B选项正确。另一个是其他的革命领导者并不想被推举成为民族英雄,所以C选项正确。

  4. What does the professor imply about the facts of Columbus’ life?

  a. They were not relevant for Pintard's purposes.

  b. They are an important part of early United States history.

  c. They are not presented accurately in Columbus' own writings.

  d. They were researched thoroughly before his selection as a national hero

  答案: A

  破题关键词汇:imply, Columbus’ life

  解析:(从第2分58秒开始,原文重现:True. To be historically accurate, the way Pintard thought about Columbus doesn't match up with the facts of his life at all.)

  从教授的回答可知,Pintard对哥伦布的态度和看法与哥伦布的生活并无关联。所以A选项正确。

  5. What is the professor’s attitude toward studying what she calls the "mythical Columbus"?

  a. It is a good way to discover facts about Columbus’ explorations.

  b. It is a way to learn about the society that created the myth.

  c. It is likely to cause confusion among those who want to learn United States history.

  d. It is not as interesting as doing research into the writings of Columbus.

  答案: B

  破题关键词汇:attitude, mythical Columbus

  解析:(从第3分54秒开始,原文重现:Exactly. And this mythical Columbus, it became a reflection of the society which chose him.)

  从教授的回答可知,神话般的哥伦布也变成了选择他的这个社会的缩影。所以B选项正确。

  6. Why does the student say this:

  a. To question the accuracy of the professor’s statement

  b. To ask for examples of mistaken beliefs about Columbus

  c. To propose an alternative explanation

  d. To find out if he understood the professor's point

  答案: D

  破题关键词汇:Since no one knew much about the real Columbus, it was easy to invent a mythical one?

  解析:(从第3分33秒开始,原文重现:And since not a lot of facts were known about Columbus, because writings weren't available in North America until...until 1816. That might have actually helped the process of adapting him to American purposes.

  从第3分49秒开始,原文重现:Since no one knew much about the real Columbus, it was easy to invent a mythical one?)

  教授说并没人知道很多关于哥伦布的事情,因为关于他的故事直到1816才在美国出现。

  学生问:由于并没有人了解真正的哥伦布,所以我们就很容易自己虚构出一个神话般的人物了是吗?所以学生是为了与教授再次确认他懂教授所说的这个点。所以D选项正确。

  以上的内容是托福tpo41听力Lecture2题目及答案解析,希望对你们备考有一定指导!


展开显示全文