托福阅读经典120长难句详细分析【20】!托福阅读长难句真的很难吗?下面智课网为大家整理了托福阅读经典长难句及详细的分析,希望可以为考生提供一些分析思路,考生可以结合有效的练习攻克长难句问题。

  66.In fact,throughout the animal kingdom,from sponges to certain types of worms,shellfish,

  and all vertebrates(creatures possessing a spinal column), there is evidence that transplants of cells

  or fragments of tissues into an animal are accepted only if they come from genetically compatible

  or closely related individuals.

  (从句 that transplants…are accepted…作 evidence 的同位语)

  实际上,从海绵到某些种类的蠕虫、有壳的水生动物和所有的脊椎动物(有脊柱的生物)的整

  个动物界都有证据表明,进入动物体的细胞或组织片断移植只有在来自基因上相容或关系密

  切的个体时才被接受。

  分句 1. In fact,throughout the animal kingdom,from sponges to certain types of worms,

  shellfish,and all vertebrates(creatures possessing a spinal column),

  分句 2. there is evidence

  分句 3. transplants of cells or fragments of tissues into an animal are accepted only if they come

  from genetically compatible or closely related individuals

  1 和 2 嵌套

  2 和 3 嵌套

  1 是 2 的状语,3 是 2 的同位语从句

  67.In the twenties,jazz became the hottest new thing in dance music, much as ragtime had at the

  turn of the century,and as would rhythm and blues in the forties,rock in the fifties,and disco in

  the seventies.

  (特殊结构 much as…and as…——就像…以及…一样)

  20 年代,爵士乐成为舞蹈音乐中最热门的新事物,正如世纪之交流行的拉格泰姆音乐,以

  及 40 年代节奏与布鲁斯,50 年代摇滚乐,和 70 年代迪斯科将会流行一样。

  分句 1. In the twenties,jazz became the hottest new thing in dance music,

  分句 2. much as ragtime had at the turn of the century

  分句 3. and as would rhythm and blues in the forties,rock in the fifties,and disco in the seventies.

  1 和 2 嵌套

  2 和 3 并列

  2 是 1 的补语。2 中包含 much as…and as 的并列结构。

  68.They made these quilt until the advent of the Revolutionary War in 1775,when everything

  English came to be frowned upon.

  (when 引导的定语从句修饰 1775;flown upon——对…表示不满)

  他们一直做这种被子,直到 1775 年美国革命来临,当时美国人对英国的任何东西都表示不

  满。

  69.Growing tightly packed together and collectively weaving a dense canopy of branches, a stand

  of red alder trees can totally dominate a site to the exclusion of almost everything else.

  (特殊结构 to the exclusion of 除…的存在)

  一片红赤杨树紧紧长在一起,枝叶共同编织出一个厚密的树顶,它们能够完全占领一个地

  方,以致排除几乎任何其他东西的生长。

  分句 1. Growing tightly packed together and collectively weaving a dense canopy of branches

  分句 2. a stand of red alder trees can totally dominate a site to the exclusion of almost everything

  else.

  1 和 2 嵌套

  1 是现在分词独立成分,做句子的状语。

  70.In taking up a new life across the Atlantic,the early European settlers of the United States did

  not abandon the diversions with which their ancestors had traditionally relieved the tedium of life.

  (介词提前的定语从句:with which…,其中 which 指前面的 diversions)

  在越过大西洋开始新生活后,美国早期的欧洲移民并没有抛弃他们的祖先传统上借以解闷的

  消遣。

  分句 1. In taking up a new life across the Atlantic,

  分句 2. the early European settlers of the United States did not abandon the diversions

  分句 3. with which their ancestors had traditionally relieved the tedium of life

  1 和 2 嵌套

  2 和 3 嵌套

  1 是 2 的状语,3 是修饰 diversions 的定语从句,relieve with 的搭配中介词 with 提前。


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