为了给正在备考托福的同学们提供更多资料参考,下面智课网就给大家带来了托福tpo40听力Lecture4题目及答案解析,托福听力考试包括两个长对话和四个学术讲座,所以备考时会更有针对性。

  Lecture 4 (United States Government)

  QUESTIONS

  1. What issue does the professor mainly discuss?

  a. Government purchases of private property to expand transportation routes

  b. The rising cost of public transportation in the United States

  c. The transfer of certain public assets to for-profit companies

  d. Whether voters can be persuaded to approve toll increases

  答案:C

  破题关键词汇:mainly discuss

  解析:

  (从第19秒开始,原文重现:Now, traditionally, much of the society’s infrastructure particularly the transportation infrastructure has been owned in operated by states, by governments. But lately, local and state governments have started to consider and sometimes actually enter into various deals to privatize parts of their infrastructure. Particularly in the transportation sector. )

  由此可知lecture的内容将围绕公共资产从公有化到私有化的转变,尤其是交通方面,所以 B选项正确。

  2. Why does the professor mention highway construction that took place during the 1950s and 1960s?

  a. To point out changes in voter attitudes toward toll and tax increases

  b. To suggest that mistakes were made when the highway system was built

  c. To explain why traffic congestion is not as bad as it used to be

  d. To make a point about the current need for infrastructure repairs

  答案:D

  破题关键词汇: highway construction, during the 1950s and 1960s

  解析:

  (从第1分钟开始,原文重现:But these facilities are getting old now and they’re becoming more and more expensive to maintain, very expensive actually. Tolls and tax revenues don’t often cover all the needed repairs. )

  由此可知这些基础设施已经越来越旧了,但是维修费用却越来越贵,通行费和税收已经不够支付所需的维修费用了,所以 D选项正确。

  3. According to the professor, why do governments consider selling or leasing pieces of infrastructure?

  Click on 2 answers.

  a. Governments often have difficulty balancing their general budgets.

  b. The money that governments receive from user fees has gone down in recent years

  c. Political considerations limit governments’ ability to raise money for maintenance.

  d. Private companies are better able to estimate the cost of infrastructure repairs.

  答案:A, C

  破题关键词汇:selling or leasing

  解析:

  (从第2分08秒开始,原文重现:Since they’re not government entities, private companies face less political resistance, say to raising tolls in order to provide that better service. But besides that, there’s another reason governments like these deals. States often have troubles paying their bills, and they can use money they get from selling or leasing a piece of infrastructure to balance their budget.)

  由此可知政府愿意变卖或者租赁基础设施的原因有两个,一是,由于它们不属于政府财产,私企就会面临较少的政治阻力,它们可以提高通行费来对其进行维修等,对应C选项。二是,国家也经常面临赤字,所以变卖或者租赁基础设施也可以使其财政支出平衡,

  对应A选项。

  4. What does the professor imply about some people s concerns over privatizing parts of an infrastructure?

  a. Their concerns are likely to diminish in the future.

  b. Their concerns are completely justified.

  c. Their concerns suggest that voters need better information.

  d. Their concerns have mostly been disregarded by governments.

  答案:B

  破题关键词汇:imply, privatizing parts

  解析:

  (从第2分41秒开始,原文重现:For instance, in almost every case this far, the first thing private company’s do, is drastically raise user fees because they say, oh we must do critical maintenance that’s gone undone for years and years, and because we are private company, we can’t use tax money to do it, our only option is raising tolls.)

  由此可知人们的担心是完全有必要的,因为这些私企会马上增收通行费美其名曰为基础设施做维修,所以B选项正确。

  5. What does the professor imply about secondary roads?

  a. Their availability tends to limit toll increases on major highways.

  b. They can be more expensive to repair than major highways are.

  c. Increasing numbers of them are becoming toll roads.

  d. Commuters are attracted to them for their scenic qualities.

  答案:A

  破题关键词汇:imply, secondary roads

  解析:

  (从第3分42秒开始,原文重现:So market forces do play a role in keeping private companies from raising their tolls too much.)

  所以这些次要道路的作用就是为了防止私企过度提高通行费,因为当通行费太高时,人们就会转而选择这些secondary roads,所以A选项正确。

  6. According to the professor, what is likely to happen when a bridge provides steady revenue for a private company?

  a. The bridge will be well maintained in the long term.

  b. The company will not raise tolls.

  c. Other companies will be interested in buying the bridge.

  d. Voters will pressure the government to buy back the bridge.

  答案:C

  破题关键词汇:provides steady revenue, a private company

  解析:

  (从第4分05秒开始,原文重现:If a company buys a or gets a long term lease on a toll bridge from the government, it’s got an almost guaranteed steady source of revenue for years and years, which means that if a company decides that it wants to sell the bridge to another company, say ten years from now, it’ll have no problem finding a buyer.)

  根据原文可知,如果一个公司从政府处购买或者得到收费桥的长期租约,每年就会有一个很稳定的税收源,也就是说,如果这个公司想把这个收费桥卖给其他公司,是不难找到买家的,所以C选项正确。

  以上的内容是托福tpo40听力Lecture4题目及答案解析,希望可以给正在备考的同学们提供更多资料参考!

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