托福阅读经典120长难句详细分析【7】!托福阅读备考中很多考生认为长难句是很难攻克的问题之一,遇到长难句不知道从哪开始进行分析。下面智课网通过长难句实际例子为大家详细解析,希望为考生提供分析思路。

  19.In a period characterized by the abandonment of so much of the realistic tradition by authors

  such as John Barth,Donald Barthelme,and Thomas Pynchon, Joyce Carol Oates has seemed at

  times determinedly old-fashioned in her insistence OD the essentially mimetic quality of her

  fiction.

  (特殊结构 characterized by…——以…为特征)

  尽管处于一个以抛弃大量现实主义传统(以作家约翰·巴思、唐纳德·巴塞尔姆和托马斯.品钦

  为代表)为特征的时代,乔伊斯·卡罗尔·欧茨因为坚持自己小说本质上模仿的特点,有时候看

  起来是一个坚定的守旧派。

  分句 1. characterized by the abandonment of so much of the realistic tradition by authors such as

  John Barth,Donald Barthelme,and Thomas Pynchon,

  分句 2. Joyce Carol Oates has seemed at times determinedly old-fashioned in her insistence OD

  the essentially mimetic quality of her fiction.

  分句 1 做时间状语“In a period”的后置定语,补充修饰 period,相当于省略了 “which was”

  的定语从句

  分句 2 是主句

  20.If it were not for this faculty,they would devour all the food available in short time and would

  probably starve themselves out of existence.

  (虚拟语气)

  如果不是具有这种能力,它们就会在短时间内吞掉所有能得到的食物,而且很可能会因饿死

  而灭绝。

  分句 1. If it were not for this faculty

  分句 2. they would devour all the food available in short time

  分句 3. would probably starve themselves out of existence

  分句 1 是虚拟句的条件从句

  分句 2、3 是并列, 主句

  21.Individualism is weakly developed in folk cultures,as are social classes.

  (倒装 as are social classes) ’

  个人主义和社会阶层在民间文化群体中的发展十分薄弱。

  分句 1. Individualism is weakly developed in folk cultures

  分句 2. as are social classes

  1 和 2 并列, 2 采用倒装语序,as 表示“也,和… 一样”

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