The university decides to remodel the dormitory and add a new space to it. Which space do you recommend to add in your dormitory ?
I suppose most of us would like to have a new study room. There are two reasons.
The first reason is it can help us study. Nowadays, GPA becomes more and more important for college students. Good grades can help us in getting an ideal job after graduation.
The second reason is during the final exams, an additional study place will be necessary for us. At that time there will be crowds of people getting up early to study in our library. It will be difficult to have a seat in there. So if we can have an additional study room in our dormitory, it will be much more convenience when our library is full of people.
All people should be required to stop working and retire by age 65. Do you agree or disagree?
Personally, I agree with this proposal. There are two reasons.
On the one hand, requiring people to retired at 65 can leave more opportunity to young people. So it will be easier for the young to find a position.
On the one hand，注意逻辑结构，引出第一个原因。用一个例子支持该论点——老人强制退休，给年轻人让出更多的工作岗位。
On the other hand, being forced to retire at 65 doesn‘t mean retired people will do nothing and just stay at home. One can develop a new hobby different from his original job. For example, a math professor may get interested in history after he regains enough time in retirement. Thus may save people from life-long repetitive work and lead them into a brand new world.
On the other hand，与on the one hand配套使用，适用于说明两个原因。阐述第二个原因：老人退休以后可以拥有工作之外的爱好，丰富生活。最后举一个例子——数学教授退休之后可能会对历史产生兴趣。
阅读标题：Laundry Room Renovation
basement 扩建一下。期间暂时停用，使用 Greenwood 的洗衣机。
原因 1 : 只是周六日人多，需要排队，平时去人很少。
原因 2：Greenwood 要绕过校园。花费的时间很长，尤其是衣服多的，可能需要走好几次，花的时间更长
In the passage, the university is going to have the laundry room renovated to add more laundry machine and dryers because students always complain about long waiting time when using the laundry room. However, the man thinks it is unnecessary. His first reason is that students pour into the laundry room only at weekends. If they come during the weekdays, they don’t need to wait for so long. The second reason is the laundry room will shut up if it begins to be renovated. And students will have to take their laundries far away outside school to get them washed. It will be very inconvenient.
听力例子：雌性黑猩猩 chimpanzee 结束青春期后可能选择新的群体，就会带来自己以前学习到的知识和技能。例如一个黑猩猩在以前的的群体里学习到可以用棍子去捅蚂蚁洞，诱使蚂蚁出来以吃的的群体里学习到可以用棍子去捅蚂蚁洞，诱使蚂蚁出来以吃
This passage introduces a concept called permeable group. This notion means there are certain groups which are welcome to new comers. And thus will lead to the spread of some useful behavior. In the lecture, the professor takes chimpanzee as an example. A female chimpanzee can move from one group to another. And during its moving, it will teach other group members a practical technique to find food. That is a chimpanzee can thrust a stick into the ant hole. The ants will climb on the stick and then the chimpanzee can fetch back the stick and eat the ants on it.
优点 1 : 可以多穿点衣服，让自己暖和点。
缺点 1 : 车的供暖系统坏掉了，要到下周才去修。
解决方案 2 : 租车
优点 2 : 暖和一点
缺点 2 : 虽然不贵，还是要多少花些钱，使买该鼓并不划算。
In the conversation, the man wants to buy a drum from a person who lives an hour away. So he needs a car to get there. He has two solutions. The first one is using the car of his friend. However, it is winter and the car’s heating system has been broken. So it can be very cold this way. The second solution is to rent a car with good heating system but it will be much expensive. I suppose the first solution is better because even if the car has a bad heating system, the man can wear more clothes to keep warm. And also in this way, he can save some money for future use.
话题:two characteristics of effective feedback
要点2：focus on the work, not on the students themselves
例子2：学生如果画的不好，可以给出一些具体的建议，一边学生知道如何进步，比如告诉他色彩有哪些问题，而不是说他是个 bad painter。
The professor talks about two characteristics of effective feedback. The first characteristic is feedback must be properly timed. For example, in a painting class, teacher should give students feedback before the class is over. So the students can try recommended techniques in teacher’s feedback in their painting. The second characteristic is feedback should focus on students’ work, not on students themselves. For example, if a student use wrong color in his painting, the teacher should tell him to change another color in his future painting rather than just tell him he is a bad painter.