一些 a range of ; a variety of ; a series of ; an array of

  无数 innumerable ; countless

  许多 plenty of ; many ; much ; a great deal of ; a lot of ; ample

  非常多(大)的 tremendous

  依序列举 list in sequence


  过时的 outdated ; antiquated ; outmoded ; obsolete ;anachronistic

  短暂的 ephemeral ; transitory ; transient ; short-lived

  不合时宜的 anachronism

  可持久的 durable ; able to stand wear ; last a long time

  一再 time after time ; again and again

  初始的 preliminary

  前述的 aforementioned ; aforesaid ; former

  自古到今 from ancient times to the present day ;down through the ages

  年轻人 young people ; youngster ; youth ; young adult

  老式的 old-fashioned ; out of date ; dated

  偶尔 from time to time ; now and then ; once in a while ; at times

  时常 often ; frequently ; repeatedly

  永远的 eternal ; perpetual ; lasting throughout life

  重整办事优先顺序 reshape priorities

  目前 so far ; by far

  一次就可完成的事 one-time event


  骂 yell at ; reprimand ; chide ; scold ; reprove

  支持 support ; endorse ; back up ; uphold

  谴责 condemn ; express strong disapproval of

  错的 mistaken ; erroneous ; wrong incorrect

  错事 wrongdoing ; had acts ; misbehavior

  做相反的 do the reverse of ; do the opposite

  归咎 blame…on ; put the blame on … ; …is to blame

  瓦解 disintegrate ; break up ; separate into small parts

  支持某一方 in favor of ; on the side of

  不会犯错的 infallible

  意见不和 clashes of opinion

  一致的 unanimous ; in complete agreement

  不恰当 inappropriate ; improper ; unsuitable ;inadequate

  批 判 criticize ; blame; find fault with ; make judgments of the merits and faults of…

  我们想念…we are convinced that…; we are certain that..

  我愿意 I incline to; I am inclined to; I am willing to; I tend to

  有用的 useful ; of use; serviceable; good for;instrumental; productive

  有意义的 meaningful; fulfilling

  他们不愿承认这一点they have always been reluctant to admit this…

  在大家同意下 by common consent of…

  否定 deny; withhold; negate

  承认 admit; acknowledge; confess; concede

  于事无补 of no help; of no avail; no use

  使…受益 benefit…; do good to…; is good for…; is of

  great benefit to…


  想法 frame of mind; mind set; the way one is thinking

  想出 come up with

  找出 come up with; find out

  利用 use; take advantage of

  夸耀 brag about; boast about; show off; speak too

  highly of

  照顾take care of; take charge of; attend to; watch over

  对…很了解 have a deep knowledge of…

  对抗权威 stand up against authority; resisit boldly the authority

  对…有信心 have confidence in

  说清楚 articulate; verbalize; put in words; utter

  接受…之美意 embrace the offer of…

  累积 amass; accumulate; heap up; assemble

  连系 tact; get in touch with; contact with

  排除这可能性 rule out the possibility

  等于 is equivalent to; equal

  选择 choose; elect; opt for; pick; single out

  发出 deliver; give out; hand over

  绕路 detour; take a detour; take a roundabout way

  禁止进入 is kept out; is barred from

  小看 make little of

  坏了 out of order; on the blink; is not working

  分别 distinguish between; make a distinction between;


  依靠 count on; depend on

  忽视 neglect; give too little care to

  存在 come to be; come into existence; come to birth;come into being

  考虑 consider; take into consideration; take into account

  考虑到 in consideration of

  用尽力气 exhaust one’s strength; use up one’s strength

  开动 initiate; set going

  准备…brace for; prepare for

  在于 lie in; rest on; rest with

  主动 take the initiative

  不算 exclusive of; not counting; leaving out

  应该得到 deserve; have right to; is worthy of

  避免 avoid; shun; get around; circumvent

  幻想 fantasy; play of the mind

  以此标准来算 by this criterion; by this standard

  乍看之下 at first glance

  面对 in the face of; in the presence of

  以 by means of; by virtue of; by the use of

  不惜代价 at all costs

  每况愈下 from bad to worse

  承受错误造成的后果 in reaping the harvest of his


  取得同意…get the go-ahead to

  不择手段 unscrupulously; by hook or by crook

  想法与作法 beliefs and practices

  内情 ins and outs; turns and twists

  关键时刻 the critical moment

  虽然 although; notwithstanding; albeit; though


  根据 according to; on the basis of; on the ground of

  (that); in the light of; in line with; in accordance with

  逃避问题 evade the question

  增大 enlarge; extend; aggrandize

  澄清 clarify; make clear

  赔偿 compensate for; give…as compensation for

  实现 carry out; implement; realize; make…come true

  假定 suppose; assume; postulate; hypothesize

  极端的 radical; extreme

  极端的措施 drastic measures

  剩下的 the rest; the remainder; what is left

  换言之 in other words; put another way

  结果 result; aftermath; consequence

  优点 advantage; strength; strong point; merit; benefit

  简言之 put simply; in short; in brief; in a nutshell

  举例而言for instance; for example; to illustrate; let us

  cite 特别是 an illustration; to cite a concrete case

  特别是 especially; more than others; particularly; in


  既然…now that…; seeing that…

  迹象 inkling; hint; clue; a slight suggestion

  缺点 disadvantage; demerit; shortcoming; drawback;


  除去 do away with; eliminate; remove; get rid of

  缺少 for lack of; for a deficiency of

  毕竟 after all; all in all

  范围 scope; field; realm

  潜力 potential;

  行为 conduct; behavior; doings

  隔绝 isolate; insulate

  分辨出 identify; recognize

  不易懂的 elusive; hard to understand

  展开 unfold

  回馈 feedback

  主导的人物 a dominant figure; a controlling man; the most influential person

  观点 viewpoint; point of view; perspective; standpoint

  正在进行中 is underway

  只是一种姿态 is merely a gesture

  立场 position; stand; stance

  意向 inclination; leaning; intention

  特权 privilege; a special right

  来自 stem from; come from

  一件事的不同说法 alternative statements of fact


  交织 intertwine; interweave

  好奇心 the eager desire to know; curiosity

  尊敬 respect; esteem; think highly of

  顽固的 headstrong; obstinate; stubborn

  暗淡的 gloomy; dark; dim

  巨大的 huge; gigantic; colossal; vast; enormous;tremendous

  探索 explore; fathom

  执行 carry out; execute; do

  现代 modern times; modern age; contempo

  偏见 prejudice; bias; partiality; predilection

  混 乱 chaos; commotion; confusion; disturbance;



  无缺点的 flawless; airtight

  无药可救 incurable

  无法避免的 unavoidable; inevitable

  细密的计划 elaborate plan

  取消 cancel; annul; abolish

  解药 a cure for…; a remedy for;

  谜 puzzle; riddle; enigma

  机会平等 equality of opportunity

  较有影响力的国家 a predominant country

  遵守 abide by; conform to; observe; comply with

  热情的 passionate; ardent; zealous

  模糊的 ambiguous; vague; obscure

  影响长远的 far-reaching

  失望 despair; loss of hope; without hope

  幼稚 childish; childlike; na?ve

  挑剔的 picky; choosy; fastidious

  破坏 destroy; ruin; break to pieces; devasate

  技巧的 skillful; adept; dexterous

  警觉的 alert; watchful; on guard; wary of

  忍受 bear; put up with; endure; stand

  证据 evidence; facts; proof; grounds; testimony

  很容易地 easily; with little problem; with little


  令人惊讶的 amazing; astonishing; astounding

  生动的报导 vivid description

  争取 compete for; try hard to win

  遗产 heritage; legacy; inheritance

  保护 protect; safeguard; preserve; shelter

  了解 understand; comprehend; catch the meaning of;

  catch on

  汇露 reveal; make known; disclose

  放大 amplify; magnify; enlarge

  动力 impetus; driving force; momentum

  自满的 complacent

  第一流的 first-rate; excellent

  安全处 refuge; asylum; haven; sanctuary

  强调 emphasize; stress; highlight

  短视的决定 short-sighted decision

  真正的 genuine; authentic; real

  怪异的 eccentric; peculiar; odd

  明显的 distinct; clear; explicit; obvious

  得到…的注意 capture one’s attention

  事事干涉的 meddlesome; interfering

  背景 setting; background

  假的 fake; false; counterfeit

  夸大报导 dramatize

  退步 setback

  古人 the ancients

  古老的 old; ancient; archaeic

  逃犯 infringe (on); violate

  使害怕 intimidate; frighten

  带来生气 enliven

  对手 rival

  吸引人的 intriguing

  旁观者 onlooker

  准确地说 to be exact; to be precise; precisely

  突然醒悟 it dawned on me that

  仔细思考之后 after long deliberation; after careful



  可互换的 interchangeable

  可与…相比 is comparable with (to)

  普遍的 prevailing; common; prevalent

  是一个对比 is a sharp contrast to

  比作 is likened to; is compared to

  多样化的 heterogeneous

  单一性的 homogeneous


  一般而言 in general; generally speaking; by and large

  满于现状 be happy with what you are

  预测未来 project into the future

  另一个观点是… another way of looking at the matter is…

  不宜取笑… it is not deuncent to make f of…

  评估社会文化因素 assess (evaluate) sociocultural


  那并非说… that does not mean that…

  那有这回事 there is no such thing as

  一个有待克服的困难是… a major hurdle for us to overcome is…

  由…造成 caused by; attributable to; due to; resulting


  由…组成 is made up of…; is comprised of; consist

  必须从两方面考虑此问题 this problem needs to be considered on two dimensions:

  限制 limit; restrict; refrain; restrain; keep within limits;

  confine; keep in check

  一般人认为… conventional wisdom suggests that…

  这方法有陷阱 the method had pitfalls:

  说服 convince; persuade; cause to believe

  具体的 specific; concrete; tangible

  刻意的 intentional; on purpose; intended

  费时间去了解…take time to acquaint oneself with…

  …是此问题的核心 …is at the root of the issue

  无法估计 is beyond calculation; incalculable

  无资格的 disqualified