You are helping to select a leader for a student organization or a group. Do you think a person's honest is the most important characteristic for being a leader?
1、Above all, a country’s leader must be honest. We have seen many examples of dishonest and corrupt politicians who have damaged their countries’ economies and reputations. To my mind, a dishonest leader is the worst kind of leader because he not only hurts his country, but destroys his people’s trust. Second, a leader must be broad-minded enough to be open to new ideas and to be able to put himself in other’s shoes. This is especially important when negotiating with other countries. Finally, a good leader must have genuine concern for his country and the well-being of its citizens. Only if he truly cares about the progress of his nation and his people can he lead them effectively.(这里偏重于政府领导人，考生可以以政府领导人举例来说明 honest的重要性)
2、Honesty: Another characteristic of leadership that lends itself to credibility. Those who are honest, especially about concerns, make it far more likely that obstacles will be addressed rather than avoided. Honesty also allows for better assessment and growth.
3、People want to follow an honest leader. Years ago, many employees started out by assuming that their leadership was honest simply because the authority of their position. With modern scandals, this is no longer true.
When you start a leadership position, you need to assume that people will think you are a little dishonest. In order to be seen as an honest individual, you will have to go out of your way to display honesty. People will not assume you are honest simply because you have never been caught lying.
One of the most frequent places where leaders miss an opportunity to display honesty is in handling mistakes. Much of a leader’s job is to try new things and refine the ideas that don’t work. However, many leaders want to avoid failure to the extent that they don’t admit when something did not work.
Regardless of the increasingly complicated relationships among modern people, honesty is still regarded as the most cherished characteristic when it comes to evaluating others around us. Therefore, it is not beyond our expectation that someone gives priority to honesty when selecting a leader for a student organization. According to my preference and experience, there are other two factors that are more worth noticing.
To begin with, the ability to plan and organize is the most essential characteristic for a student leader for the sake of a smooth progress of the student affairs. In other words, competent leaders are those with detailed plans and clear goals in their mind. Otherwise, the whole group will easily get lost on the way and lose the impetus to strive for their common goals. By making a detailed plan and carrying it out step by step, a group leader is not only capable of pushing forward and complete the preset projects but also able to keep the team members away from distrust and anxiety. For example, if a leader of English Association is going to conduct an English speaking contest, he is required to figure out the concrete process of a speaking contest, the cost related to the applied facilities as well as the assignment for each individual in the group.
Besides, whether the candidate for the student leader masters the art of communication is also worth noticing. It is no denying that the leader of a student organization is exposed to various chances to interact with group members encompassing students of distinct personality traits. Therefore，it is of paramount importance for the leader to be possessed with the ability to relate well with others. More importantly, only by well coordinating the relations among the team members can the student leader be capable of ensuring the smooth progress of the organization. To illustrate, if conflicts arise among team members during the process of crucial projects, the leader has the obligation to properly settle the disagreement by skillfully calming them down with maybe witty words and then take measures to cope with the problems.
Admittedly, it is indisputable that honesty should not be neglected in terms of choosing a leader. After all, honesty has a lot to do with obtaining trust and creating a harmonious atmosphere among the whole group. It is natural that people usually rely on an honest person without reservation. Nevertheless, it is still not wise enough to regard it as the most crucial factor in terms of choosing a leader for student organizations for honesty does not testify to one’s ability and competence in dealing with group projects.
To sum up, taking the ability of planning and organizing as well as communication skills into consideration, it is too rash to put honesty first when choosing a leader for student organizations. (469words)
When it comes to the decrease of sea turtle’s population, the reading puts forward three solutions to prevent this tendency. However, all these three solutions are regarded as invalid in the listening.
First, the idea that building a metal fence will work. Not as it puts in the reading, the listening argues that the mental fence will hinder the development of magnetic field which exerts influence on the growth of the little sea turtles. The listening further illustrates that sea turtles rely on magnetic field to navigate, find food and mates as well as find a suitable place to lay eggs. Without a fully developed magnetic field, they cannot live and reproduce.
As to the second measure of a ban of the plastic bags, the listening still refutes it. As a matter of fact, there are already thousands of plastic bags in the sea, which, although decomposing into small pieces, still pose great threat to sea turtles. Therefore, the ban of plastic bags is not the point.
Lastly, the reading calls on to transform the traditional fishing nets into those catching only fish but not sea turtles. Unfortunately, the third solution is not able to work well. The listening explains that the fishermen will refuse to use the transformed fishing nets for they will catch fewer fish and thus get a decreased income. Even though relevant laws are enacted, the fishermen will apply the traditional fishing nets before replacing them with the transformed fishing nets on shore. (247 words)