托福综合写作本题字数50~225 词较为合适。在这部分考试中考生要在3分钟内读完一篇230~300词的学术文章(约4 段)，阅读期间需要将每段的重点记下来。接下来，考生会听到一段反驳学术文章观点的学术讲座，并需要将反驳观点逐一记录。先前的文章一般会提出3个假说，而听力材料会针对这些假说给出3 点反驳理由。录音播放完毕后，考生将有20 分钟的写作时间，按照题目的具体要求概述阅读及听力材料中的主要观点。
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Because environmental issues are too complicated, individuals can do nothing to solve them.
Our current environmental problems grow ever more serious. Sometimes they seem so serious and confusing that it seems an individual could never do anything to help fi x the problems. Personally speaking, I believe that individuals can make a difference. There are at least two areas where the efforts of ordinary individuals can be meaningful in solving environmental issues.
Firstly, individuals can protect environment by changing their ways of waste disposal. If every person would classify his or her garbage before throwing it away, much of it could be recycled and pollution could be reduced. Just take beverage cans as one example. Recent surveys suggest that over 7,000 tons of waste beverage cans go un-recycled each year in America alone. The cost of finding these cans after they have been thrown away, reclassifying them as recyclable and then sending them to be recycled is far higher than simply making new ones. However, if individuals would sort their cans before they discard them, and then discard them into the proper containers, the expense of recycling would decline greatly and there would be reduction in absolute pollution caused by the beverage cans. This is just one area where an individual can make a difference.
Secondly, environmental problems will be somewhat revolved once individuals in society consume less energy. It is because the requirement of natural resources used to produce energy will reduce and as a result, the environmental damage human inflicts will also decline. As an academic survey indicates, if every family in American could reduce their electricity use by 5% a year,1.65 billion units would be saved. It means that the generator motived by coals in the whole country can take a break for more than a month. In fact, not only can it make human’s requirement of natural resources less, but also it can alleviate the air pollution caused by burning coals. Consequently, for winning the battle of protecting environment, individuals’ endeavor, undoubtedly, is a great strength that should not be ignored.
Admittedly, most people do not have the specialized knowledge and skills to tackle many issues related to the environment. Besides, they do not have the influence to change entire systems. Nevertheless, the claim that individuals can do nothing to solve these issues is an obvious overstatement. In fact, the power that individual can exert is much more than we can expect.
In conclusion, I disagree with the idea that individuals can do nothing in solving environmental problems since the issues are too complicated.
1. habitat destruction生存环境的破坏，大多由于人的占用导致。
2. 附近捕食者(比如秃鹰和乌鸦)对幼鸟和蛋的攻击. Eggs and juvenile are vulnerable to the predators, which, however, cannot be killed because they are also important to ecosystem.
3. 保护濒危物种通常科学家会raise them in captivity 然后release into the wild, 但是Hermit Ibis是迁徙类动物，它们是从父母那里学习how and where to migrate， 如果人工饲养然后放回大自然，它们无法生存。
1. hermit ibis可以在很多地方筑巢，人工搭建的栖息地，比如建筑物的外墙。这个不是问题。
2. 虽然eggs and juvenile are vulnerable，但是它们的天敌都比较胆小，只要在eggs and juvenile成年之前人类通过吹哨子赶走天敌，Hermit Ibis成年后生活就没有问题了。
3. 人类也可以教给年幼的hermit ibis如何迁徙，比如pilot带着年幼的hermit ibis随着它们迁徙的路线飞行，它们也可以学会如何迁徙，放回大自然后它们的生存就不会有任何问题。
Contrary to the belief in the passage that it is difficult to protect hermit ibis, the professor asserts a diverse perception.
To begin with, the professor argues that hermit ibis actually can build nest everywhere. For example, the wall of buildings is perfectly suitable for them to build nest. Habitat destruction won’t be a problem to prevent scientists from protecting hermit ibis. This directly challenges the first idea in the reading that like many other endangered species, it is difficult to protect hermit ibis because of the habitat destruction.
Then, the author of the passage points out eggs and juveniles are vulnerable to the predators, which, however, are not supposed be killed because they are also important to ecosystem. However, their predators actually are coward species. People can easily blow whistles to scare away the predators during the period in which they are vulnerable. When they grow up to adults, there will be nothing to be worried about anymore. Again, this contradicts what the reading passage says about the same issue.
Finally, the professor points out that human can also teach young hermit ibis how to migrate. For example, pilots can flight along hermit ibis’ migratory route thus young hermit ibis that is raised in captivity will follow this route and become capable of migrating just like their peers living in the wild. Yet, the reading is of the opposite view that hermit ibis raised in captivity by scientists don’t have the chance to learn how and where to migrate from their parents.