1.东西丢了:lost the key,can’t found the note

  2.剃头:hardly bald, hairstyle change for not covering the eyes, cut curl hair

  3.搭车:pick up the third one at the airline, give me a ride to the office

  4.穿衣: a jean and T-shirt for interview is casual, clothes is wet before the concert

  5.花需要光: put the flower to the window, the bookcase will prevent the sunlight, need the fresh

  6.忘了: slip my mind, forgot to give the note to someone

  7.图书馆: spend the whole day in the library, make the photocopy at library, meet at the library, return the books to the library, library is a better place to study

  8.室友: looking for a roommate, roommate should apologize, roommate is too noisy,

  9.吃的:fish can’t be eat, berry is a bush even for a bird, bread is over toasted, vegetables are over cooked, bread may be in the refrigerator,

  10.借东西: lend me calculus book(calculator), borrow the money from check, borrow car for shopping

  11.天气:clean up for picnic, cold enough for skating, snowing too much to fly, so hot that we need an air conditioner,

  12.作业能否完成:wait till the last minute, chemistry test without time for reading, fill out the financial aid form without the priority, paper extended to the next week

  13.第三者: have done it for me

  14.排队: magazine to kill the time, read the magazine twice, go early for not queue

  15.得病看医生: need another doctor, it is open till 10 at the health center, take the pill the doctor assigned,

  16.没空帮忙: can’t give you a ride due to the meeting tomorrow morning,

  17.锻炼减肥: lost weight, two blue clothes but one with the large size

  18.电影或音乐会: see the concert twice make sense again, sell ticket to you so that you come with me, lectured by some professor is worth watching,

  19.还书: return so as not to pay fine, help me return the books,

  20.重新考虑以前的决定: reconsider your decision,

  21.转让: movie ticket

  22.加入社团: garden club, find another committee member to replace,

  23.认不出来: beard, bother is different,

  24.住房: find an apartment under 500 dollars, find a larger apartment, live nearer to the campus

  25.放松: join a entertainment club for leisure, spend more time outdoors,

  26.约会: (appointment), reschedule one of the appointment

  27.关门了(过期了): museum closed, cafeteria closed,

  28.照相: film run out, film not processed, film not good

  29.同去: come go with me

  30.太吵: too noisy, can’t concentrate





  Choose one of your favorite methods to relax and explain why it is your favorite. Please include specific details in your explanation.







  When going on vacations, some people prefer to go camping in tents, others prefer to stay in hotels. Which do you think is better?




  2)建议答题思路:比如选择go camping in tents;理由一:enjoy outside night; 理由二:field survival training.


  ETS对农业的热爱其实从TPO真题里就能察觉到:TPO 7 Agriculture, Iron and Bantu Peoples; TPO 21 The Origins of Agriculture; TPO 23 Seventeenth-century Dutch Agriculture; TPO 33 Railroads and Commercial Agriculture in Nineteenth-Century United States.

  基于考题回顾和TPO真题,下面笔者来帮助大家梳理相关的农业知识和话题词汇。人类古代社会文明可以分为石器时代 (Stone Age),青铜时代 (Bronze Age) 和铁器时代 (Iron Age)。农业起源于石器时代中的新石器时代 (Neolithic Age),时间约在8000以前。在新石器时代和旧石器时代人们主要是游牧的生活方式 (nomadic style of life),靠采集和打猎 (hunting and gathering) 为生。

  在TPO 21农业起源这篇文章里,作者给出了关于农业起源的三个假设,第一,人口危机 (population crisis),文章说一旦采集狩猎者遍布全世界,人口开始增长,食物就变得匮乏,农业便是解决这一个问题的方法;第二,气候的不稳定性 (instability of climatic conditions),它说气候的不稳定迫使人们定居下来,反过来造成人口上升以及对食物的需求增加,因此农业诞生了;最后一个假设:人类的思维形成了认知流动性 (develop cognitive fluidity),即对思维加以整合 (that is, the integration of the specialization of the mind: technical, natural history, social intelligence, and the linguistic capacity),人们一旦有了这种思维就可以来解决严重的经济危机。

  种植业 (crop cultivation) 和畜牧业 (livestock husbandry) 是农业话题中频繁出现的行业,畜牧业中的乳品业 (dairy farming) 和种植业中的园艺 (horticulture) 也有涉及。TPO中涉及的种植农作物有:小麦 (wheat),玉米 (corn, maize),棉花 (cotton),谷物 (grain),高粱 (sorghum) 和烟草 (tobacco)。为了提高农作物的生产率,阅读文章中往往会使用一下的方法 (TPO 23 17世纪的荷兰农业):改良灌溉 (irrigation) 的方法,天然肥料 (animal waste) 和化肥 (pesticide) 的使用,杀虫剂 (pesticide, insecticide)的喷洒;最重要的是改善耕作方式,轮种 (crop rotation),在同一块田地上,有顺序的季节间或者年间轮换种植不同的农作物;间种 (companion planting),在一块地上,同时期按一定行数比例间隔种植两种以上的农作物。

  畜牧业主要涉及的动物有:牛 (cattle),奶牛 (cows),羊 (goat),兽群 (herd),鹿 (deer),TPO真题中最常涉及的是从打猎野生动物到驯化动物 (domesticate),使之变成家禽家畜 (domestic animals),人类就要在草原 (prairie) 或是牧场 (pasture. ranch)对动物进行放牧 (graze),如果草地被过度放牧 (over grazing) 的话就很容易减少草地植被的覆盖 (reduction of vegetation) 以及加速水土流失 (accelerated erosion) 的危害。

  在TPO 33一文中,提到了交通的改善刺激了农民从自给自足 (self-sufficient) 的生活转化为把农产品的剩余物 (produce surplus) 拿到市场上出售,同时,由于农民有利可图,所以农民开始想尽一切办法扩大耕地 (convert treeless environment to farms),改良耕作设备,从犁 (plow) 到机械收割机 (mechanic reapers),引进新的农作物以及水果和蔬菜来耕作,从而进一步加速了农业的发展以及国家的市场经济。



  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to finish a project completely and then begin another project than to work on two or more projects at the same time. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer