《7天搞定托福单词》—— Toefl 词汇红宝书内容节选:

  List 1(第一天)

  11 authority [C:5WCriti]

  n.专家 威信

  390 states(state[steIt]) n.状况,状态 vvvv.陈述

  56 statements(statement[5steitmEnt]) n.陈述

  【In fact, various emotional states give rise to certain patterns of electrical activity in

  【The author presents two theories for a historical phenomenon.】

  248 species[5spi:Fiz](单复数同型) n.种类;人类

  the facial muscles and in the brain.】

  3 subspecies ['sʌbˌspi:ʃi:z]


  311 form [fC:m]

  n.形状 vvvv.形成

  【Some species of tuna have specialized grooves in their tongue.】

  5 deformed(deform[di:5fC:m]) v. 使变形;变畸形

  226 art [B:t]


  3 reform [ri5fC:m]

  v.改造;改革 n.改良

  【 Tunas, mackerels, and billfishes have made streamlining into an art form. Their

  【Some mountains were formed as a result of these plates crashing into each other and forcing up the rock at the plate margins.】

  281 plants(plant[plB:nt]) n.植物,工厂 v.种植

  bodies are sleek and compact.】

  191 produced(produce[prE5dju:s]) v.生产 n.产品

  69 production [prE5dQkFEn] n.生产

  10 plantation [plAn5teiFEn]


  53 products(product[5prCdEkt]) n.产品

  3 transplanted(transplant[trAns5plB:nt]) v.移居,迁移

  【Animal dung enriches the soil by providing nutrients for plant growth. 】

  275 mentioned(mention[5menFEn]) v.提到

  【 For example, in 1875 one biologist pointed out the diversity of butterflies in the Amazon when he mentioned that about 700 species were found within an hour's walk, whereas the total number found on the British islands did not exceed 66, and the whole of Europe supported only 321.】

  25 reproduction [7ri:prE5dQkFEn] n.生殖;复制

  16 reproduce [7ri:prE5dju:s] v.繁殖;翻拍;复制

  10 productivity [7prCdQk5tiviti] n.生产力

  6 productive [prE5dQktiv] adj.多产的

  6 reproductive [5ri:prE5dQktiv] adj.再生的;复制的

  【Other mountains may be raised by earthquakes, which fracture the Earth's crust and can displace enough rock to produce block mountains.】

  167 increase [in5kri:s] v.增加

  274 century [5sentFuri]


  【To increase the society’s prosperity】

  【Even though the fine arts in the twentieth century often treat materials in new ways, the basic difference in attitude of artists in relation to their materials in the fine arts and the applied arts remains relatively constant.】

  150 cause [kC:z] v.导致 n.原因

  【Wind velocity also increases with altitude and may cause serious stress for trees, as is made evident by the deformed shapes at high altitudes.】

  274 author [5C:WE]



  136 regions(region[5ri:dVEn]) n.区域

  【It ranges from sea level in the Polar Regions to 4,500 meters in the dry subtropics and

  3,500-4,500 meters in the moist tropics.】

  131 sentence [5sentEns] v.宣判 n.句子

  【Where would the sentence best fit?】

  129 population [7pCpju5leiFEn] n.居民;人口

  【Have populations that are unstable in response to climate conditions】

  124 study [5stQdi] v.研究 n.研究

  【It is conceivable that before going hunting the hunters would draw or study pictures of animals and imagine a successful hunt.】

  124 fossils(fossil[5fCsl]) n.化石

  9 fossilization [fɑsɪlə'zeɪʃn] n.化石作用

  7 fossilized(fossilize['fɑsɪlaɪz]) v.使成化石

  【Pakicetus is the oldest fossil whale yet to be found.】

  121 theory [5WiEri] n.理论论

  11 theorists(theorist[5WiErist]) n.理论家

  4 theorized(theory[5WiEri]) v.建立理论;理论化

  【According to psychodynamic theory, the best ways to prevent harmful aggression may be to encourage less harmful aggression.】

  121 term [tE:m] v.把...称为 n.学期

  【During Jackson's second term, his opponents had gradually come together to form the

  Whig party.】

  121 artists(artist[5B:tist]) n.艺术家

  40 artistic [B:5tistik] adj.艺术;美术的

  【 For example, some early societies ceased to consider certain rites essential to their well-being and abandoned them, nevertheless, they retained as parts of their oral tradition the myths that had grown up around the rites and admired them for their artistic qualities rather than for their religious usefulness.】

  117 design [di5zain] v.设计

  6 designers(designer[di5zainE]) n.设计者

  【Architecture is the art and science of designing structures that organize and enclose space for practical and symbolic purposes.】

  113 source [sC:s] n.来源,根源

  【 This unprecedented development of a finite groundwater resource with an almost negligible natural recharge rate—that is, virtually no natural water source to replenish the water supply—has caused water tables in the region to fall drastically.】

  110 environment [in5vaiErEnmEnt] n.环境

  7 environmentalists(environmentalist[in7vaiErEn5mentlist]) n.环境保护论者

  【Many ecologists now think that the relative long-term stability of climax communities comes not from diversity but from the “patchiness” of the environment, an environment that varies from place to place supports more kinds of organisms than an environment that is uniform.】

  108 period [5piEriEd] n.时期

  6 periodic [piEri5Cdik] adj.定期的

  5 periodically [9pIErI`CdIkLlI] adv.周期性地;偶尔

  【 In the long run, electricity from large wind farms in remote areas might be used to make hydrogen gas from water during periods when there is less than peak demand for electricity.】

  107 society [sE5saiEti] n.社会

  【Some theories of theater development focus on how theater was used by group leaders to group leaders govern other members of society.】

  107 activities(activity[Ak5tiviti]) n.行动;活动

  【There is little doubt, however, that desertification in most areas results primarily from human activities rather than natural processes.】

  106 mass [mAs] n.块adj.大规模的

  【 The cinema did not emerge as a form of mass consumption until its technology evolved from the initial "peepshow" format to the point where images were projected on a screen in a darkened theater.】

  105 since [sins] conj.因为,从...至今

  【Since the raising of most crops necessitates the prior removal of the natural vegetation, crop failures leave extensive tracts of land devoid of a plant cover and susceptible to wind and water erosion.】

  105 emotions(emotion[i5mEuFEn]) n.情绪

  35 emotional [i5mEuFEnl] adj.情绪的

  【In psychodynamic theory, the purging of strong emotions or the relieving of tensions.】

  105 communities(community[kE5mju:niti]) n.人群,很多个体的集合体,社区

  【Each SMSA would contain at least one central city with 50,000 inhabitants or more or two cities having shared boundaries and constituting, for general economic and social purposes, a single community with a combined population of at least 50,000, the smaller of which must have a population of at least 15,000. 】


  104 organisms(organism[5C:^EnizEm]) n.生物

  5 microorganisms(microorganism[maIkrEJ5C:^EnIz(E)m]) n.微生物

  【 We can say that the properties of an ecosystem are more stable than the individual

  organisms that compose the ecosystem.】

  102 process [prE5ses] n.过程 v.加工;处理,办理

  【In fact, damage to the environment by humans is often much more severe than damage by natural events and processes.】

  101 individual [7indi5vidjuEl] n.人,个体 adj.个别的

  4 individualism [IndI5vIdjJElIz(E)m] n.利己主义

  【 Because each individual is short-lived, the population of an opportunist species is likely to be adversely affected by drought, bad winters, or floods.】

  101 effect [i5fekt] n.结果 v.造成

  34 effective [i5fektiv] adj.有效的

  4 effectiveness [i5fektivnis] n.效力

  【But for the black-tailed deer, human pressure has had just the opposite effect.】

  101 culture [5kQltFE] n.文化,耕种 v.耕种

  35 cultural [5kQltFEr(E)l] adj.有修养的;有文化的

  【The arch was used was used by the early cultures of the Mediterranean area chiefly for underground drains, but it was the Romans who first developed and used the arch extensively in aboveground structures.】

  99 occur [E5kE:] v.发生,出现

  8 occurrences(occurrence[E5kQrEns]) n.发生,事件

  【They occur at the end of a succession.】

  99 include [in5 klu:d] v.包括;包含

  4 inclusion [in5klu:VEn] n.内含;内含物

  【Some drawbacks to wind farms include visual pollution and noise, although these can be overcome by improving their design and locating them in isolated areas.】

  98 provide [prE5vaid] v.提供

  【The land under wind turbines can be used for grazing cattle and other purposes, and leasing land for wind turbines can provide extra income for farmers and ranchers. 】

  98 indicate [5indikeit] v.指出

  11 indications(indication[7indi5keiFEn]) n.指出;迹象

  【 To indicate that trance states were often associated with activities that took place inside caves 】

  96 sediment [5sedimEnt] n.沉淀物,沉积

  10 sedimentary [sedI5mentErI] adj.沉积的

  7 sedimentation [ sed·i·men·ta·tion || ‚sedɪmen'teɪʃn] n.沉淀作用;沉降

  【 Petroleum, consisting of crude oil and natural gas, seems to originate from organic matter in marine sediment.】

  96 pressure [`preFE(r)] n.压 v.对...施加压力;迫使

  【Continued sedimentation—the process of deposits’ settling on the sea bottom—buries the organic matter and subjects it to higher temperatures and pressures, which convert the organic matter to oil and gas.】

  96 particular [pE5tikjulE] adj. 特别的,独有的

  【There is increasing evidence that the impacts of meteorites have had important effects on Earth, particularly in the field of biological evolution.】

  95 influence [5influEns] v. 影响 n. 影响

  5 influential [7influ5enFEl] adj. 有影响的

  【Impacts by meteorites represent one mechanism that could cause global catastrophes and seriously influence the evolution of life all over the planet.】

  94 modern [5mCdEn] adj. 现代的, 时髦的

  【To contrast the relative sophistication of modern artists in solving problems related to the laws of physics】

  94 impact [5impAkt] v. 影响;撞击 n. 作用,冲击

  【 If an impact is large enough, it can disturb the environment of the entire Earth and cause an ecological catastrophe.】

  93 heat [hi:t] v. 把...加热;使激动 n. 热, 高潮, 热度

  【Increase pressure and heat from the weight of the sediment turn the organic remains into petroleum.】

  93 objects(object[5CbdVikt]) v. 反对, 抗议 n. 物体;目标

  3 objective [Eb5dVektiv] adj. 客观的, 外在的 n. 目的, 实物

  【They engraved animal figures on the shafts of spears and other objects.】