在每次托福考试之前,考生们都会找一些托福考试机经进行最后冲刺的备考,这些机经可能会在正式考试中出现,另一方面帮助大家查漏补缺。下面就是2017年3月11日托福考试机经小范围预测【完整版】。

  点击获得2017年全年托福考试机经预测汇总

  托福口语

  最新热门话题趋势

  (1★为出现概率最低,5★为出现概率最高)

  独立口语

  T1

  【事件类】

  出现概率

  3月11日 ★★

  3月25日 ★★★

  4月01日 ★★★

  经典题目

  What do you think is the most important thing that parents tshould teach their children?

  解析:

  此类话题属于托福口语中的事件类的话题,属于常考类话题。此话题可以从一个你认为最重要的事情展开自己的观点,再陈述自己的论据2-3个即可。最后强调自己的观点。

  建议描述的思路:1)先表明自己的观点,什么事是最重要的 。可以从有利于培养孩子成长的生活技能入手。比如how to make a living, 2)阐述为甚么重要的原因,可例举2-3个。比如可以从孩子成长的独立性来论证观点。3)总结强调自己的观点。

  I would like to say the most important thing that parents should teach their children is how to make a living. The reasons are three-fold. First, no one can rely on his or her parents forever. In order to live, one must learn the way of making money from his or her parents as they are most reliable people. Second, one won't be independent until he or she can make a living by himself or herself. Learning to make a living can make people become economically independent. Besides, knowing how to make a living would help reduce parents' income pressure. So to speak, making a living is prior to any other subjects that parents should teach their children.

  T2

  【生活方式】

  出现概率

  3月11日 ★★

  3月25日 ★★

  4月01日 ★★

  经典题目

  Which would you prefer: doing exercise everyday or only when you are free?

  解析:

  本题是典型的“生活方式”话题,相对限定条件较少,但归定是“exercise”,因此建议不选study, reading等学习类活动,尽量和业余的体育活动联系在一起。如球类运动,室外游戏等。如考生已准备自己的素材,可以选择自己已备好的理由进行说理论证。若未准备,从健康锻炼、危险系数、活动性质去推理论证。答案不予限定,言之有理,论证有理有据即可。

  答题思路:

  每日锻炼:①养成良好锻炼习惯;②坚持的重要性;③塑性成功的可能性更高

  有时间了锻炼:①时间相对自由好安排;②运动损伤较小;③室外空气渐渐不好了(如举例北京的雾霾,上海的酸雨等),不适合每日锻炼

  I would prefer to do exercise and go to the gym everyday, coz I am really into workout. I usually go there with my friends and jogging, swimming, dancing and weight lifting are all my favorites. Actually work out is not only a way for me to keep healthy, but also to regain my composure and strength after heavy sweating in the gym; however, the truth is I don't have sufficient time to hang around there each day, coz I am really busy, always bombarded with various examinations, papers, presentations, club activities etc; so for me, if I can go there like twice or three times a week, I am already satisfied.

  本文是2017年3月11日托福考试机经小范围预测【完整版】。

  托福写作

  独立写作

  W2

  热门话题

  【教育类】

  出现概率

  3月11日 ★★

  3月25日 ★★

  4月01日 ★★★

  经典题目

  which one is the most important for teacher? ability to give advice about planning for future. ability to recognize students that need help or ability to encourage students learn outside the classroom by themselves

  解析:

  1)本文属于TOEFL写作常考的教育类话题

  建议写作思路:倾向于选择能够鼓励学生形成课堂外的自学能力。理由1:课堂外的学习可以补充基本知识。理由2:课外学习可以锻炼学生对于学习方法的总结。 理由3:形成充分的学习的能力对于未来才是最重要的,保持不断的学习能力,才能够不断的提升自己从而适应不断发展中的社会生活,从而在未来生活中创造佳绩。

  It is normally believed that teachers should occupy certain abilities to help children. Usually people think about giving advice about planning for future or recognizing students that need help. As for me, what ranks the top is helping students achieve the capability to study by themselves.

  To begin with, the study time students have at school is limited, so they need to make use of the time outside school. While most student will not spend that time on learning on their own, then teachers’ encourage will play a very important role. As teachers has ask them to do certain task during the spare time, they will keep that in mind and put it on top priority when distracted by some video games or plays. If students learn efficiently both at school and outside school, they will gain more knowledge.

  And next when children start to learn at spare time, they will think how to get the knowledge efficiently and fast. Then during school time they learn more carefully to get the method their teacher told besides the curriculum. The children will focus on is what all the teachers said positively which is all we want. When they understand the outline and main point of teacher and form their own scheme, students get the strategy naturally.

  At last, keeping learning is the most important skill for people to live in the world, so teachers should pay attention to it. When students leave school and involve into the society, they should develop themselves continually. Nowadays, young people usually communicate with wechat or pay by taobao, if we don not understand it or could not use it, we are out of date. Therefore, people need to get the ability to keep learn. However, if we do not start to learn outside school at student time, we can not achieve the ability to keep learning.

  In conclude, for teachers encourage students to learn by themselves could help them the most compared with giving them the advice about planing the future or give extra help for underdeveloped students.

  【生活方式】

  出现概率

  3月11日 ★★

  3月25日 ★★

  4月01日 ★★

  经典题目

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is more important to have rules about the types of clothing that people wear at work and at school.

  解析:

  1)本文属于TOEFL写作常考的生活方式类话题

  2)建议写作思路:倾向于选择同意关于人们上班和上学时穿衣种类给出规则更重要。理由1:help bring equality to the school setting___ 理由2:workers were protective clothing for safety. 理由3 sense of being in a larger group

  With the development of technology, the design of clothing is various and we have abundant choices to make when it comes to what to wear at work and at school. However, from my perspective, it is more important to have rules about the types of clothing that people wear at work and at school.

  To start with, requiring students to wear uniforms at school helps bring equality to the school setting. As the family background of the students is different from each other and what they wear at school usually tells others the economic situations of their family. It a student wears expensive clothes, others students or even the teacher will probably treat him better than a student that wears cheap clothes. That is unfair for the students in a poor economic situation. And these students will be self-abased at school and distract their attention from their study. Meanwhile, those rich students may become less diligent because even if they don’t work hard, their classmates and teachers still treat them well. Then it is necessary to require students to wear uniforms at school.

  Secondly, some workplaces require workers to wear protective clothing for safety reasons. When it comes to the construction profession, workers work in such dangerous situations that a piece of building material falling down from the high building may cause a serious injury to the workers. In order to protect them, the workers should wear protective uniforms so that they can focus on doing their jobs without worrying about their safety.

  Thirdly, wearing the same type of clothing creates a sense of being in a larger group, being together and having something in common. It is natural that when we see a group of people wearing the same clothes, we tend to hold the opinion that they are team members, that they can turn to each other for help and that if I want to find the team, I just need to find any one of them. And as a team member, when seeing colleges or group members wearing the same clothes, I would feel that I am not alone, I belong to a group and they will care me and help me.

  For the above reasons. I agree that it is more important to have rules about the types of clothing that people wear at work and at school.

  热门题型

  【对比题型】

  出现概率

  3月11日 ★★

  3月25日 ★★

  4月01日 ★★

  经典题目

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: A university should focus more on its facilities, such as libraries. computers or laboratory. rather than on hiring famous teachers

  解析:

  本文属于TOEFL写作常考的教育类的话题,对于这个题目,选择是关注大学的设施还是关注雇佣更多有名的老师,并没有明确的局限性,两者其实都可以,如果说应该更加关注大学的设施的话,可以写的方面有如果关注大学的设施的话,在校学生的学习环境好,搜集信息快;如果选择更加关注雇佣更多的好老师的话,可以写的方面有招生好,提供更多的就业机会,好老师可以更好的激发学生的学习灵感。写这篇文章,最好的方式是有一段让步段,两者都提及,但是更倾向于哪一个,并不要选择一方面,就直接采取“一边倒”的文章结构,而不提及另一个,就会显得有些单调。

  Nowadays, in order to enhance the popularity of the universities, universities would like choose to hire more professors Whether this measure is more effective compared with upgrading campus facilities has drawn a wide attention. As far as I am concerned, focusing more on university's facilities is more important, though hiring famous professors is necessary.

  Admittedly, hiring famous professors may have certain benefits. Famous professors usually have more comprehensive and deeper understandings within professional areas, which provides students with introductory backgrounds and specific contents to figure out the theories in textbooks. However, if viewed from a different angle, it also means students have too much to digest. Students might be intimidated by too much reading materials or abysmal jargons and fell reluctant to study. In this case, cultivating students' interests by experiments and other facilities could better improve students' academic performance.

  Initially, improvement in facilities can serve as a catalyst for increasing students' interests. That is to say, advanced facilities make rigid knowledge vivid for students to understand. For example, for engineering students, it is usually the case that the professor will bring students to the laboratory to demonstrate how the theories in books could be transformed into real circuit schematics. Likewise, professors in filming could use softwares, such as Final Cut, iMovies, or so, to direct students how to combine several static pictures into one moving video. Thanks to these teaching facilities, there is a higher chance that students could be impressed by the real demonstrations of experiments or softwares, luring them to act themselves. On the contrary, famous professors might be leading experts in academics, but that does not necessarily ensure that their opinions could be fully delivered to students, which plays little roles for students' s learning.

  Additionally, improvement in facilities could enrich students' campus life. In other words, facilities like gymnasiums, libraries or even food courts could be a complement to academic life. By going to gymnasiums after classes, students are eligible to weightlifting, playing squash, climbing and even basketball, dragging them out of study loads. By going to libraries, students could not only find reference books for their class, but, more importantly, they could browse books outside their major according to individual's interests, such as Jane Austen and Sherlock Holmes. By going to the food court during classes, students are offered by various gourmet food, especially, Spaghetti, Sushi and fried rice, providing students with a healthy and exciting lifestyle.

  To sum up, due to the reasons I list above, I would regard that upgrading university facilities deserves more more focus than hiring famous professors.

  本文是2017年3月11日托福考试机经小范围预测【完整版】。

  托福听力

  1. 艺术类theatre

  theater相关话题的讲解在TPO中出现的次数不多。但是真题开始较频繁的出现,如大陆地区2015/8/22日托福听力中也出现了关于theatre的内容,此次出现的篇幅结构有些类似于TPO12-L3, 艺术形式-解释-举例-改变的形式-原因-解释-举例。只要观点和例子对应好,就可以轻松的解决出题目。

  2. 生物学

  生物学是听力中最常出现的学科之一,生物间关系成为常考话题,此次考试的文章类似于2015/12/12大陆地区的第四篇讲座,重点在于抓住文章提到的关于共生关系的两个例子,生物生活的环境,特点,以及共生的作用,带来的好处是什么。此类文章结构清晰。相关重点词汇有:symbiosis(共生关系),mutualism(互利共生), parasitism(寄生关系),commensalism(偏利共生)。

  托福阅读

  第一部分、托福阅读考题分类

  托福的阅读文章有五篇,共50道题,55分钟完成。题型共有如下几种,括号内是题目的数目:

  1、主题题(3--4) ;2、细节题(18--22);3、词汇题(16--17);4、推断题(3--6);5、指代归纳题(3--6);7、结构题;8、态度题;9、答问题;10、图形题。

  阅读方法:1、全文通读(词汇基础厚,否则不用); 2、带着问题找出处; 3、topic(主题句)+考点。

  本人重点推荐第三种方法。用第三种方法读阅读文章,有两点目的,第一读出文章大意,第二读出考点。读出各段主题句-topic,读出考点(了解出题原则)。

  第二部分、十种重要的出题原则

  一、列举:

  1、列举名词:a,b,c,and d (逗号离得近算) 插入语例外,a,b,c,and d 中谁特殊选谁。

  2、列举句子(sentence)

  3、分散列举

  二、举例子:

  通过寻找文章中的例子(一般在文章中都可以找到两个或两个以上的例子),就可以找到topic sentence(主题句)。

  三、考数字:

  1、数量级;2、年代;3、成串数字。

  四、下定义:

  1、定义内容的改写(如1995年8月的考题) ;2、符合定义的例子(如1996年1月的阅读) ;3、出现定义的行数:判断位置。

  五、比喻:

  black gold 石油,black diamond 煤,whales on beach 虎落平阳,out of place 错位,face lift 整容时拉平,refurbish 修葺,remodel 翻新等,做题的时候要读出比喻的含义。

  六、对比:

  七、类比:天文学中出现较多可找具体文章练习。

  八、引用: 文中引用的部分,主要看出引用的话的趋势,进行判断。

  九、TOPIC句:重点关注每段开头的一、两句话。

  十、末句细节: 注意段末转折及后文推断。

  以上的十大出题原则,希望能够弄懂,在读文章的时候注意这些地方,这些就是考点,读出就可作对题目的。需要做一定数量的题目来熟悉这些考点。

  第三部分、具体的阅读方法:

  先看一遍题目,弄清楚有些什么题目,然后读文章,找答案。

  1、扫题(对文章预期): 扫有几道题---有几道有行数(词汇,指代,有行数的题目多简单)---大体,定性对文章分析。

  2、做题次序: 主题题先空着,后做(需要对全文把握的题目,如结论,结构题同),在答题纸上打点,接着做后续的题目。

  3、对于主题题: 联系各段主题句。

  4、找出处:

  5、难题&时间: 最多三分钟,开始遇到难题打点,选一个,最后再看。难题最多三,五个。第一遍追求准确率,检查最多二,三个(5分钟),在做完第三篇文章后看看时间。"绝对难题"包括:很难的推断题,很难的词汇辨析题,首段结论题。

  以上的内容是2017年3月11日托福考试机经小范围预测【完整版】,听说读写的四个部分内容,希望对你们有帮助。

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