托福考试阅读长难句实例剖析【早期社会仪式感】!有的时候托福阅读中的长难句对于大家理解文章意思起到了很关键的作用,所以备考的时候,大家要注意分析长难句,掌握其中的技巧。

  今天我们来看这样一个句子:

  For example, some early societies ceased to consider certain rites essential to their well-being and abandoned them, nevertheless, they retained as parts of their oral tradition the myths that had grown up around the rites and admired them for their artistic qualities rather than for their religious usefulness. (48,TPO1)

  cease /siːs/ v. 停止,中止

  well-being n. 幸福;(尤指) 健康

  retain /rɪ'teɪn/ v. 保持或保留;

  我是分解线,大家先自己分析哦

  For example, some early societies ceased to consider certain rites (essential to their well-being) and abandoned them, nevertheless, they retained (as parts of their oral tradition) the myths (that had grown up around the rites) and admired them (for their artistic qualities rather than for their religious usefulness.)

  分析:

  修饰一:(essential to their well-being),修饰rites,

  中文:对于他们的幸福健康是必要

  修饰二:(as parts of their oral tradition) ,介词短语,修饰myths,这里有一个短语retain…as,本来myths要放在retained之后,但是由于myths后面有从句,宾语较长,所以置后了,大家要注意这里语序的问题。

  中文:作为它们口头传统的部分

  修饰三:(that had grown up around therites) ,从句,修饰myths

  中文:从仪式里发展出来的

  修饰四:(for their artistic qualitiesrather than for their religious usefulness. ) ,介词短语,修饰them,这里有一个很重要短语rather than,表示而不是

  中文:因为他们的艺术性而不是宗教用途

  主干:they retained the myths

  参考翻译:

  例如,一些早期社会不再认为某些仪式对于他们的幸福健康是必要的,便取消了那些仪式,但是,他们保留了那些从仪式里发展出来的神话作为口头传统的一部分,并因为他们的艺术性而不是宗教用途而喜爱它们。

  这个句子的主要修饰成分就是介词短语、从句,大家务必想清楚,每一个修饰成分修饰的是什么,才能看清楚这个句子的结构。

  托福考试阅读长难句实例剖析【早期社会仪式感】!根据上面的分析,建议同学们自己也可以去尝试一下,相信对你们会有帮助的。

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