阅读：palm oil 的生产有积极的影响，应该要扩大生产。
2. 可以用于生产环境友好的biodiesel 。
2. 可以用于生产 biodiesel，但是在砍伐完其他森林以后，需要焚烧peat，这个东西的燃烧会产生更多的二氧化碳，对环境不利
3. 是可以减少小规模生产的农民们的贫困，但是小规模生产的农民们对于palm oil生产的控制时间并不长，随后大的规模的生产机构也对palm oil感兴趣，这样小规模生产的农民们将失去对palm oil生产的控制，增收很少。
Basically, the professor in the lecture makes three statements regarding palm oil production, and these statements cast some serious doubt on the reading material which says that palm oil production should be expanded because it has positive consequences.
To begin with, the professor argues that although palm oil has higher efficiency compared with other oil and growing palm tree consumes less land than cultivating other crops, the expansion of palm oil production actually will lead to increasing deforestation. That is because as a very desirable oil, there’s growing demand for palm oil, which will make people destroy more wild land to grow palm trees. This directly challenges the first idea in the reading that encouraging the expansion of palm oil production will help preserve more wild forests.
Then, the author of the passage points out that the by-product of palm oil production, i.e. biodiesel, is an alternative energy source which causes less carbon when burning. However, this is not the case at all. It is true that burning biodiesel creates less carbon. Unfortunately, the growing of palm trees will need people to burn the forest first. While doing this, large amount of peats will be burned and this process creates more carbon than burning fossil fuels. Again, this contradicts what the reading passage says about the same issue.
Finally, the professor points out that growing more palm trees will not help farmers get rid of poverty. Because the owners of small farms will not have long control over palm tree growing. Large companies will take over all farmland for growing palm trees from farmers. In this case, farmers lose control of their land and get little return. Yet, the reading is of the opposite view that this move will help small-scale farmers get richer thereby improving their living standard.
Do you agree or disagree: The way people dresses is a goodindication of his or her personality or character.
When we meet some new friends, we are always very anxious to know about them yet afraid of asking a lot of questions. In this case, we actually have other ways to know about their personality or character by some indirect methods. Apart from the books a person likes to read or the movies a person likes to watch, the way he or she dresses will tell us a lot about his or her personality and character.
First, the color of one’s dress can tell us about this person’s character. According to color science, especially color psychology, people’s color preference reflects parts of their characteristics. For example, people who are normally in black, white or grey suits have a steady touch in dealing with things. People who tend to wear bright-colored clothes are comparatively outgoing and have good ability to get along well with others. On the other hand, if a person always wears the same one or two colors, he or she might be more introversive; and a sociable person’s wardrobe may have all colors in.
Second, the style of one’s dresses is also a good indication of his or her personality. Take the teachers in my school as examples. My history teacher is very strict and never plays jokes with us. He always wears suit and leather shoes. My English teacher, who is very easy-going and intellective but never shares her private life with us, wears dresses in classic styles all year around. My art teacher is eloquent and has distinct opinions about things. She once expressed her counterview about our headmaster’s decision face to face with him. She now wears sport suit and sneakers like a student, then wears fashionable clothes and high heels like a super star. So, a person wears what kind of clothes tells us what kind of person he or she is to some degree.
Admittedly, we cannot fully rely on the way a person dresses to know about his or her personality or character. Sometimes, people’s taste in clothes changes as time goes by while their personality or character remains the same. Sometimes, they like many colors and styles, which makes it hard to conclude a certain type of their clothes. Anyway, we can still have some prediction about their personality or character according to the way they dress at that moment, then verify it by long-term interaction.
To conclude, we cannot deny that the way a person dresses is an indication of his or her personality or character. But, we should never jump to hasty conclusions about others’ personality and character merely by what they wear nor judge them by their dresses.