Here are some examples of how they are used in English:
1. Elevator Music – Pleasant and sometimes annoying music that is played in public places
“Apart from finding shopping malls boring, Keith finds the elevator music that is played particularly irritating”.
2. Ring a bell – If something rings a bell it reminds you of something even though you cannot remember it very well.
Ring a bell——某件事让你想起了什么，尽管你记得不是很清楚。
“Yes, the song rings a bell but I am not sure exactly where I’ve heard it before”.
3. For a song – when you buy or sell something very cheaply
For a song——买或者卖出非常便宜的东西。
“I bought this car for a song”.
4. Like a broken record - someone who repeats the same thing over and over again (very annoying)
Like a broken record——重复某件事的人(特别烦人)
“I’ve understood you want me to clean the bathroom. Stop going on like a broken record!”
5. Blow your own trumpet - boasting about your talents and successes
Blow your own trumpet——吹嘘自己的才能和成功
“Sometimes it is not a bad thing to blow your own trumpet. After all, if you don’t, who else will?”
6. Jam session - playing improvised music in an impromptu setting. This could happen at a dinner party with friends.
“After dinner, Tom and Harry got their guitars out and started a jam session. It was wonderful.”
7. Call the tune – to be in a position of authority to give orders and make important decisions
Call the tune——位于权威地位，下达命令，做出决策。
“Peter was always the person who called the tune in our team.”
(There is also another idiom “to call the shots” that has a similar meaning)
(另一个词组to call the shots意思相同)
8. Blow the whistle – to report an illegal or unacceptable activity to the authorities.
Blow the whistle——向权威部门举报不合法、不能接受的行为。
“Janet came under a lot of pressure from her colleagues when she blew the whistle on what was going on in the bank.”
(a whistle blower is the noun – “more recognition needs to be given to the courage it takes to be a whistle blower“.)
9. Music to one’s ears – to hear exactly what you want to hear
Music to one’s ears——听到你想要听和喜欢听的内容
“The ringing sound of the cash tills is music to my ears!”
10. Face the music - accept punishment for something
Face the music——承担某事的惩罚
“There’s not a lot we can do, so we are going to have to face the music.”