184 Some students prefer to study alone. Others prefer to study with a group of students. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
有些人喜欢单独学习， 有些人喜欢和一群人一起学习。 你喜欢哪种?
As an effective means of keeping balance between or among complicated social factors, competition could provide an indispensable system for social organizations at different levels to motivate their members and inspire them to make good performance, friendly co-operation and become more competitive and creative. A sound interaction of competition and cooperation promotes each other, thus advancing the development of the whole society. As a matter of fact, it is in this way that our society has achieved today’s prosperity. Let’s compete in the spirit and cooperate on the basis of competition.
Let’s illustrate this with a football team. Everyone on the team works hard and strives to be the best player. He will use his own advantages to catch up with and surpass the others. At the same time, everyone should cooperate with others and work together to win the game. A team good at individual skills but poor in team work can never win a game. While competition helps enhance individual abilities, cooperation helps bring individual abilities to full play, make up for each other’s inadequacy and enhance the overall quality of the parties involved. Competition without cooperation may be good to only a few but harmful to society as a whole; cooperation without competition may bring about a peaceful life to all but destroy individual’s initiative and eventually affect social development.
157 In the future, students may have the choice of studying at home by using technology such as computers or television or of studying at traditional schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific details to explain your choice.
Firstly, students need to learn to use the Internet because it is an integral part of society, and because they can widen their knowledge of the world through it. Secondly, the Internet is quite useful. Knowing how to make sense of the WWW will help students get good jobs in the future. Thirdly, it is fun. Students can enjoy learning because life on-line is attractive. These facts are making educators rely on the internet as an education tool.
The first major problem with the internet is that as an education tool, the internet creates more problems than it solves. Surfing the web does not always teach students useful lessons. More often, it teaches them the wrong lessons. It is silly to teach students to use calculators when they still cannot count properly. Additionally, internet teaches students bad habits such as impatience. It is very fast so students do not have to wait long. As a result, they become impatient and demanding. On-line students learn that social skills are not important because they can ask a machine instead of a classmate or teacher.
Educators today believe that every student should know how to use the internet. But their enthusiasm is misguided. The internet is indeed important and useful, but so are many other things. Students should master basic skills such as math and reading before turning to the internet. Also, they must learn to cooperate with each other to solve problem, and prepare for their futures.
001 People attend college or university for many different reasons (for example, new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
人们上大学为很多目的， 比如有人为准备工作经验，有人为增长知识。 你认为人们为什么上大学?
The first is Career-related work experience in their field of study. This includes things such as cooperative education assignments, part-time jobs, summer employment, and practicum. Employers look for hands-on experience, and also look for classroom experience with a real-world work orientation including case studies and simulations.
The second is abundant computer work. Automation and increased utilization of computer technologies are required for almost every job within business, education, and government agencies today.
The third is problem-solving skills rather than memorization of coursework. For achieving results in the future management and leadership environments, college students must have clear thinking skills.
The forth important quality that college students need today is an understanding of other people’s aspects of the work situation. Examples include team–based assignments, group projects, and associate team evaluations. Employers want colleges and universities to create more projects and team environments so that students can learn project management skills and strengthen team-player competencies.