2016年10月22日托福综合写作真题 starling 是否一个对人类有害的物种
|Topic 议题：the effect of starling|
|Thesis 总论点||Starlings are harmful species.||Starlings are not harmful species.|
|They will cause some agricultural damage because they eat crops.||Although starlings eat crops, they also eat insects that harm the crops. So farmers don’t have to use pesticides, which not only helps save money, but also helps protect the environment since pesticides will pollute the environment. What’s more, the reduction of pesticide is beneficial to the health of human being.|
|The natural tendency of starling to flock together will pose danger to the airport.||People can build a cage as trap, with some starlings and food in it. When other starlings see those starlings being feed in the cage, natural instinct will force them to form a flock and fly into the cage. So they will be captured and thus can be moved to other locations.|
|They will compete with endangered species for they often occupy the nesting boxes constructed by human to protect endangered species.||The nesting boxes can be built with smaller entrance so that starlings cannot access easily because they are larger than endangered animals.|
In the lecture, the professor refutes against the view raised in the reading that starlings are harmful species, and he suggests they can bring benefits to human.
Firstly, the reading holds that they will cause some agricultural damage because they eat crops. However, the professor refutes that although starlings eat crops, they also eat insects that harm the crops. So farmers don’t have to use pesticides, which not only helps save money, but also helps protect the environment since pesticides will pollute the environment. What’s more, the reduction of pesticide is beneficial to the health of human being.
Secondly, the reading claims that the natural tendency of starling to flock together will pose danger to the airport. But the professor disagrees with this by suggesting that people could build a cage as trap, with some starlings and food in it. When other starlings see those starlings being feed in the cage, natural instinct will force them to form a flock and fly into the cage. So they will be captured and thus can be moved to other locations.
Finally, in the reading passage, they will compete with endangered species for they often occupy the nesting boxes constructed by human to protect endangered species. In contrast, the professor holds that the nesting boxes can be built with smaller entrance so that starlings cannot access easily because they are larger than endangered animals.
|作文题目：||In their free time, young people (age14-18) spend time taking part in different activities such as music lessons or competitive sports. Some young people diverse their time in other kinds of activities. But other young people will spend most of their time focusing on just one activity that is important for them. Which approach do you think is better?|
|14-18年龄段的人要参加多种活动： 这个年龄段的人是对这个世界认知加深的时候，在一开始对很多事务都不够了解，只有通过多种活动的参加才能更确定自己真正喜欢的是什么。可能之前以为自己不感兴趣的项目在参与之后会喜欢上。只是参与一种会给他们关闭很多可能性。 多方面的发展让年轻人具备更多技能，从而以后更有竞争力。一方面18岁之后这些人就要步入大学或者进入社会，多个能力的具备会让自己在竞争中更出彩。例如会乐器的人可以在学校的晚会中表演，擅长体育且多才的人更有可能在学生会会长的竞选中胜于。更有甚者，这些活动中的哪一样说不定可以成为自己以后的维持生计的职业，例如教授别人乐器或画画，体育项目，书法等。谁也不知道哪个机会会来敲门，所以要让自己具备更多的技能。 能更好地促进他们智力和情商等多方面的发展。学习音乐美术可以促进创造力想象力。体育促进他们的身体健康，才能更有精力的学习。 参加多种活动会让他们的生活更丰富，只参与一种会觉得枯燥。 可以在各种活动中认识到不同领域的朋友 让步段：虽然说要参加多种活动，但也不要参加过度，如果太多反而什么都学不好，同时也给自己造成压力。|
(A/D) Some teenagers take part in kinds of activities, such as musical classes, sports classes and so on, but others only focus on one activity which is important to them. Which idea do you support?
1 占用时间和精力相对较少，有助于孩子放松，减少压力' 有助于身心健康
Under the current educational system, the extracurricular activities designed for students are playing an increasingly important role. Therefore, among parents and teachers, there arises a controversy pertaining whether teenage students should participate in various activities or focus on one activity. Towards such a long-running tug-of-war, I strongly recommend teenagers to engage in more kinds of activities, for the following reasons.
Initially, getting involved in more activities can be conducive to the well-rounded development of students. It is self-evident that different activities can equip participants with various skills and abilities. To illustrate, students attending musical classes can learn how to appreciate the classical works of famous musicians and thus improve their aesthetic capability. Similarly, participating in team sports will help students cultivate a sense of cooperation as well as enhance their leadership. After having obtained the above skills,students definitely can develop in an all-round way, with the result of becoming more competitive than others. In contrast, specializing in only one kind of activity is a totally different picture. In other words, students just foster one particular skill, which is a potential obstacle to their future development. The underlying reason is that the more and more complicated modern life necessitates the acquisition of multiple skills.
Furthermore, taking part in many after-class activities can do a better job in helping students find what they are interested in. Just as a saying goes, interest is the best teacher, which clearly indicates the great role played by interest in all levels of education. The above claim is especially true of teens education,because they are in the puberty, the most rebellious period. Put it in another way, without the drive of their own interest, they are less likely to perform well in any activities required by their teachers. In this case,offering various activities to adolescents undoubtedly can more effectively stimulate their interest and passion.Once they find what they like,they will automatically put more efforts and time in it.However, requiring all teenagers to solely engage in one activities may fail to cater to the interest of the majorities of them.
All in all,we can draw the conclusion that it is a wiser move for students to attend multiple activities,in order to obtain a holistic development and find what they are passionate for.