托福词汇中的外来词汇,你知道有哪些吗?外来词汇的来源又知道是什么语言吗?

  Karaoke 卡拉OK

  Language of Origin: Japanese

  来源语:日语

  About the Word:

  It comes from the Japanese kara ("empty") + ōke, short for ōkesutora ("orchestra").

  该词来源语日语的kara(空的)和ōke(“乐团”的缩写),即“空荡荡的乐团”。

  Karaoke became popular in Japan among businessmen in the late 1970s, and gainedwidespread popularity in the U.S. in the late 1980s.

  上世纪70年代后期,卡拉OK开始在日本商务人士当中流行起来,上世纪80年代后期盛行于美国。

  Kowtow 屈从、献媚

  汇集梦想的力量,积累榜样的经验……你来与不来,我都在这里。现在准备好了么?

  Language of Origin: Chinese

  来源语:汉语

  About the Word:

  It comes from the Chinese kòutóu – kòu ("to knock") plus tóu ("head") – and originallyreferred to kneeling and touching one's head to the ground as a salute or act of worship to arevered authority.

  该词来源语汉语里的“叩头”一词,即以双膝跪地、头触地的形式对权重人士表示尊敬。

  The noun arrived in English in the early 1800s, and within a few decades had taken on the"fawn" or "suck up" verb meaning we use today.

  该词在19世纪早期被吸纳进英语词汇,后来几十年间,该词在英语中的意思逐渐固定为“巴结、献媚”。

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