同义替换是托福考试的常见考点,本文中为大家整理define、facilitate、trigger等等常见的替换词与替换表达,希望对考生备考有所帮助。

  define 定义,下标准

  当表达:一个好的A需要有B/ 一个好的A需要是B这样的

  如:一个好老师需要够耐心 A good teacher should have patience/ should be patient

  英文框架:a good n should have n / be adj

  可转述为:Patience defines one of the good characteristics of a good teacher.

  e.g. Doing a part time job defines one of the good ways to build a social network.

  同理,在表达 determine 决定 / depend on 取决于,这样的概念时,也可以套用。

  The capability of communication skill determines whether or not he is a qualified politician.

  The capability of communication skill defines whether or not he is a qualified politician.

  define 局限,分清楚

  表达:A不等于B时可替换

  A does not equal B = A does not define B

  表达:A自身凸显出来,通过做...

  The communication skill defines a successful politician from those normal ones by gathering the support from all the colleagues.

  facilitate 使...容易

  同类还有如:spur prod stimulate 刺激 促进 促使

  A thorough understanding about how to communicate can facilitate the politician's career.

  A thorough understanding on communication skill can spur the development of the politician's career.

  guarantee secure solidify ensure strengthen 使稳固,确保,加强

  The mastery on communication skill can guarantee a promising career.

  trigger 引发

  同类还有如:产生 engender / generate the consequence that

  导致 cause / lead to

  complete 完成,使圆满,使完整

  表达A对B很重要时可替换

  A well-paid job completes a major part of one's happiness.

  同理可用组成类词汇:component / consist of

  A well-paid job is a major component of one's happiness

  Several things, among which a well-paid job is particularlly crucial, consist of one's happiness.

  acquire realize achieve obtain attain实现 获得

  只说一点,不要随意的再用have get 这样的词了

  另外关于development 可以替换为

  boom v/n prosper v prosperous adj prosperity 繁荣

  flourish thrive v 繁荣

  关于 understanding 可替换为

  comprehension cognition 认知 awareness 意识 be aware of 对...有意识

  关于beneficial 和 do good to 可替换为

  influence positively

  产生+有利影响 或 带来+好的结果

  A is conducive to B

  A conduce to B

  关于important

  可以替换词本身:crucial elementary core cardinal fundamental irreplaceable 等

  也可改变形式:A is important to B = A is of great importance to B = A is of crucial importance to B

  也可转述为:For A's ___, B is of crucial importance.

  For a politician's career, communication skill is of crucial importance.

  有时也可表达为:A cannot survive without B

  A offers an necessary incentive for B to grow/boom/prosper

  在作文当中,若想使句子变长,有一个用词原则 n > v > adj

  因为每次把adj变成n之后,都需要在n前加上额外的动词

  the river is beautiful-----the river presents beauty

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