托福写作真题做练习的时候要注意总结,不总结只做练习不容易发现自己答题中的问题,那么这个错误的答题习惯就始终存在,所以大家要在做题之后参考答案进行总结,以下是2015年6月14日托福写作真题答案及解析,供大家做参考。

  综合写作题目:Topic 议题: three theories about the people missing on a ship

  Sample answer:

  The reading and listening material have a conflict of opinions about people that missing on the ship. The writer provides three theories, which are contradicted by the following lecture.

  Firstly, the passage claims that they were captured by pirates. However, the listening refutes this claim by saying that what's the main purpose of pirate is to demand money; however, they did not ask for money. In addition the valuable things were all on the ship.

  Secondly, the reading proposes that the ship transported flammable liquid. Yet, the speaker disagrees with this proposal. If the ship leaked, the liquid would produce a strong smell,which lingered a long time.

  Finally, the author suggests that the ship was sinking. By contrast, the professor thinks the reading’s claim does not hold water. The ship was floating a few days and the crew were experienced. They knew that staying on the ship is safer.

  2015年6月14日托福独立写作真题解析:

  写作指导:

  Agree:

  单边:(任选三点即可)

  做运动可以叫我们如何与他人合作。(cooperate with/ unity/teamwork spirit)很多运动需要我们组队完成,比如篮球比赛,需要六个人协调配合,如果一个人只关注自己,和不懂得如何和他人进行搭配,那么肯定会输。

  教会了我们做事情要坚持(never give up)。比如马拉松Marathon,需要长时间和强嫩的毅力(persistence、perseverance)很多体育活动都是比较累,比较辛苦的,如果要想在体育上有所建树的话,必须付出很多艰辛的努力。我们生活也是一样的,很多时候,生活并不是这么如意和一帆风顺,需要我们有一颗坚强的心。

  运动教会我们学则合适的东西。选择自己合适的运动就好比选择好的动作一样,短跑需要运动员有较强的爆发力(explosive power)。有些疾病的人需要选一些稍微温和项目(light sports / walking swimming)。

  竞争意识。体育活动,如果你要取胜的话那么就必须要有竞争意识。生活中很多方面,如果想胜人一筹,也得有竞争意识。

  运动可以提高一个能的领导能力,一个人曾经领导一个团队进行比赛。他可能需要引导队员,可能会鼓励队员们去的胜利

  运动还可以教会人们在激烈的比赛中如何保持乐观(optimistic)的心态。不管成功和失败,大家都能很好的对待。每场比赛都是特别紧张和激烈,因为大家都希望能够在比赛中获得胜利。

  范文指导:Playing sports is always only considered as a way of keeping fit. However, in fact, it teaches people important lessons about life.

  First of all, playing sports provides people with great opportunities to develop teamwork spirit. Taking basketball team as an example, when a player only wants to show off his/her own skills, focusing on how many points he/she could get on the match and regardless of other team mates, this team will be doomed to fail, no matter how skillful he/she is. In the long run, no one would be willing to cooperate with him/her. On the contrary, if the team could make best use of every player’s strong points and teammates could cooperate with each other, they could definitely play well. It is the same case in people’s workplace. When people deal with a complex project, the accomplishment can only be achieved when team members work toward the mutual goal. Even the most intelligent people cannot shoulder such great job alone.

  Secondly, playing sports teaches people to remain an optimistic attitude. Just as an old saying goes: victory and defeat are both common in battles. Winning is what everyone wants; however, loss is inevitable. When in high school, I was a member of a women basketball team. Every time we encountered loss, we would feel frustrated. But our coach would encourage us that loss should not devastate us, for it was an integral part of growth of a team. After analyzing our weak points and the deficiencies of strategies, we picked ourselves up and devoted all our time and energies into training. Sports teach us that failures are not dead-ends, and keeping a positive attitude and learning experiences of loss can lead us to success.

  Finally, playing sports instill people competitive consciousness. Modern society is full of fierce competitions. People, not possessing competitiveness, would be quickly washed out. During the sports competition, each member would make his/her best endeavors to win the match. As in many situations of life, a sense of competition wins a lot of favor. Take a job interview as an example. International enterprises definitely select the talents who are ambitious and aggressive, for those people motivate others work harder.

  All in all, not only can sports teach us the value of teamwork, but also teach us how to remain optimistic and have competitive consciousness.

  词汇拓展:

  Instill 灌输

  Competitive consciousness竞争意识

  Mutual goal 共同目标

  Optimistic 乐观的

  Devastate 破坏

  Be doomed to 注定

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