In the United States, employees typicallywork five days a week for eight hours each day. However, many employees want towork a four-day week and are willing to accept less pay in order to do so. Amandatory policy requiring companies to offer their employees the option of workinga four-day workweek for four-fifths (80 percent) of their normal pay wouldbenefit the economy as a whole as well as the individual companies and the employeeswho decided to take the option.
The shortened workweek would increasecompany profits because employees would feel more rested and alert, and as aresult, they would make fewer costly errors in their work. Hiring more staff toensure that the same amount of work would be accomplished would not result inadditional payroll costs because four-day employees would only be paid 80percent of the normal rate. In the end, companies would have fewer overworkedand error-prone employees for the same money, which would increase companyprofits.
For the country as a whole, one of theprimary benefits of offering this option to employees is that it would reduceunemployment rates. If many full-time employees started working fewer hours, someof their workload would have to be shifted to others. Thus, for every fouremployees who went on an 80 percent week, a new employee could be hired at the80 percent rate.
Finally, the option of a four-day workweekwould be better for individual employees. Employees who could afford a lowersalary in exchange for more free time could improve the quality of their livesby spending the extra time with their families, pursuing private interests, orenjoying leisure activities.
- Main point: A mandatory policy requiringcompanies to offer their employees the option of working a four-day workweekfor four-fifths (80 percent) of their normal pay would benefit the economy as awhole as well as the individual companies and the employees who decided to takethe option.
- Sub point 1: The shortened workweek wouldincrease company profits.
- Sub point 2: the country as a whole willbenefits.
- Sub point 3: the option of a four-dayworkweek would be better for individual employees.#p#副标题#e#
- 这篇文章没有在观点抽取的时候为我们设置障碍，Main point就乖乖地出现在首段段尾，
sub points都是在段首出现的。但是需要提醒的是千万不要把support和detail作为point提取出来。在独立写作的时候，大家常犯的一个错误就是把support和detail作为point放在段首，在阅读部分也还是难以压抑对support和detail的重视。在提取point的时候不要把细节搅和进来。比如就不能说第一个sub point是员工效率更高;第二个sub point是可以降低失业率，第三个sub point是可以提高生活质量。如果用细节当point，就会在听力部分发现点对点对不上了，因为不是所有题目都是会反驳阅读部分的细节的。即便是，你貌似对上了，但是逻辑层面不对还是错的。所以，真正的理解point的含义是非常重要的，point的是观点，不提炼出来的态度，而不应该是一些起支撑作用的细节。
- 我们自查sub point的方法就是它是否是支持mainpoint。有的时候sub point是main point 的一部分，这段就是一个典型，有的时候sub point从不同方面支持main point。但是如果抓到的是细节，那么就没有这样直接的逻辑关系，则不可用。这样的视角也可以用在独立写作的自查上，看看自己找的sub point到底对不对。
Offering employees the option of a four-dayworkweek won’t affect the company profits, economic conditions or the lives ofemployees in the ways the reading suggests.
First, offering a four-day workweek willprobably force companies to spend more, possibly a lot more. Adding new workersmeans putting much more money into providing training and medical benefits.Remember the costs of things like health benefits can be the same whether anemployee works four days or five. And having more employees also requires moreoffice space and more computers. These additional costs would quickly cut intocompany profits.
Second, with respect to overall employment,it doesn’t follow that once some employees choose a four-day workweek, manymore jobs will become available. Hiring new workers is costly, as I argued amoment ago. And companies have other options. They might just choose to asktheir employees to work overtime to make up the difference. Worse, companiesmight raise expectations. They might start to expect that their four-dayemployees can do the same amount of work they used to do in five days. If thishappens, then no additional jobs will be created and current jobs will becomemore unpleasant.
Finally, while a four-day workweek offersemployees more free time to invest in their personal lives, it also presentssome risks that could end up reducing their quality of life. Working a shorter weekcan decrease employees’ job stability and harm their chances for advancingtheir careers. Four-day employees are likely to be the first to lose their jobsduring an economic downturn. They may also be passed over for promotionsbecause companies might prefer to have five-day
employees in management positions to ensurecontinuous coverage and consistent supervision for the entire workweek.
听力部分表达方法：lecture, the professors says
同意: say, argue, claim, opinion, hold the view that, figure, deem,believe, reckon, consider, opinion, proposition,
反对：on contrary, by contrast, argue against, refute, object, hold atotally different view, oppose, be against.
第二段：passage部分的sub point 1，lecture部分对应的sub point，lecture里面相对应的support和details。
第三段：passage部分的sub point 2，lecture部分对应的sub point，lecture里面相对应的support和details。
第四段：passage部分的sub point 3，lecture部分对应的sub point，lecture里面相对应的support和details。
The passage argues that four-day work weekwill benefit companies, the whole economy, and individuals. But in the lecture,the professor holds a totally different view that no one will be beneficialfrom the new work week.
Firstly, the passage says that companieswill get more profits for employees can work more effectively. However, thelecture points out that four-day workweek will lead to spend more. That isbecause companies have to spend more money on training, medical benefits,office positions, even new computers.
Secondly, the passage claims that the wholeeconomy will benefit, for the four-day workweek is a way to reduce unemploymentrates. The lecture refutes the idea completely. Admittedly, there are moreavailable jobs, but companies will prefer to let employees work overtime tofinish them for hiring new staff is too expensive. In addition, the companiesmay lift their expectation that staff finish five-day jobs within four-day.
Thirdly, the passage suggests thatindividual employees can benefit from it. Though the four-day workweek canprovide more leisure time to employees, the lecture argues against the passage.
Comparing to five-day workers, the four-dayworkweek employees may be the first one to be fire during economic depression.And they will have less chance to promotion because companies wish thatmanagers could be on duty every work day.