2015年4月12日的托福战役已经结束,希望大家都能打一场漂亮的胜仗。马上就要迎来4月18日的考试啦,智课网小编也已经在第一时间将4月18日的托福考试预测整理出来了,抓紧时间来获取吧!点击查看托福机经:2015年4月18日托福考试预测

  另外补充一句,同学们可以微信扫描文章下方的二维码关注微信公众号,托福考试最新的真题预测及解析,都会在第一时间公布喔~

  独立口语部分

  五星级重点预测-SPEAKING 1

  1、★★★★★

  Choose one of your favorite methods to relax and explain why it is your favorite. Please include specific details in your explanation.

  2、★★★★★

  Describe a skill you are good at, for example,painting or a kind of sport, and explain why it is important to you. Please include specific examples and details in your explanation.

  3、★★★★★

  A school is planning to organize it students to visit the workplace. Which place do you recommend the students to visit? 1.A science lab 2.A business office 3.A TV studio

  4、★★★★★

  Describe the steps, through which you once learned a new subject and explain how you learned it. Please include details and examples in your response.

  5、★★★★★

  It is generally agreed that society benefits from the work of its members. Which type of contribution do you think is most valued by your society: that of primary school teachers,artists or nurses? Why?

  6、★★★★★

  Your friend has suddenly received a lot of money. What do you think is the best way for your friend to spend this money? Include reasons and details to support your response.

  7、★★★★★

  what do you think we should do to decrease the usage of car or other vehicle and solve the traffic problems?

  8、★★★★★

  Choose ONE of the forms of the technology in the list and tells why it changes (has had great impact) people's lives in your country?a) The airplane b)The computer c)The Television

  9、★★★★★

  Compare the differences between two singers you like. Include specific reasons and details in your explanation.

  10、★★★★★

  What do you think is the most significant benefit that internet brings to our life? Explain why you think this benefit is import. Include reasons and details to support your response.

  11、★★★★★

  Describe the most important decision you’ve ever made in your life. Explain why it’s important.

  12、★★★★★

  What quality is the most important to be a university student: highly motivated, hard working, or intelligence?Using details and examples to support you idea.

  13、★★★★★

  Talk about an activity you enjoyed doing with your family when you were a child, explain you answer in details.

  14、★★★★★

  Describe a present you have given to others. Explain why you think it is important.

  15、★★★★★

  Which of the following do you think is the best way to get to know a new school? 1. Joining a one-day campus tour 2. Spending a weekend on the campus play field 3.Auditing lectures?

  四星级重点-SPEAKING 1

  16、★★★★

  What time of a year do you like the most? Explain why you like this time of a year.

  17、★★★★

  If a high school is planning to organize an after-school activity for its students, what kind of activity would you recommend and why?

  18、★★★★

  Which form of transportation is the most enjoyable? Bicycle, automobile, train?

  19、★★★★

  Describe a special event or occasion that you have participate with your family or friends. Give Specific details and examples to explain your answer.

  20、★★★★

  Talk about an activity you would like to participate in the near future, explain your answer in details.

  21、★★★★

  Among the following three activities, which do you think has the most benefits for students? 1. A field trip 2. A home tutoring session 3. A presentation given by a local leader

  22、★★★★

  Talk about a time when someone (your friends, family or teachers) gave you advice to solve the problem.

  23、★★★★

  Talk about a skill that you have mastered but you still want to improve

  24、★★★★

  Which of the following activities do you prefer to do with friends? Taking a walk, going to a movie, traveling to another city.

  25、★★★★

  Your friend wants to have a more healthy eating habit. What suggestions would you give to this friend?

  26、★★★★

  What is your favorite place to study? Give details and examples in your response.

  27、★★★★

  Describe how cellphones change people’s lives.Please give your answer with specific examples and details

  28、★★★★

  If a foreign visitor comes to your country, what food will you introduce to him/her? Explain why.

  29、★★★★

  Many regions in the world face problems with air pollution. What can be done to decrease the amount of air pollution in these regions? Use details and examples in your response.

  30、★★★★

  Describe a person that you look up to as a role model. Explain how this person influenced your life. Include details and examples to support your response.

  五星级重点-SPEAKING 2

  1、★★★★★

  Some people like to plan their free time. Other people spend their free time without any plan. Which do you prefer.

  2、★★★★★

  If you were given an empty pieces of land, would you rather using it to build a garden or a playground for children?

  3、★★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Teachers should make their lessons fun.

  4、★★★★★

  Some students prefer to go to universities or colleges in their own cities or towns. Others prefer to go to universities or colleges in new cities or towns. Which do you prefer and why? Include details and examples in your explanation.

  5、★★★★★

  Some students prefer to work on their course paper one or two days before its due date. Others like to work on the paper bit by bit every day. Which do you prefer and why?

  6、★★★★★

  Instead of always being busy, one should have a relaxed life style. Do you agree or disagree with the above statement? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  7、★★★★★

  Some people prefer to live in a place most of their life. Other people prefer to move to different places. Which do you prefer and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your response.

  8、★★★★★

  Which do you think is more important for someone to be successful: taking risks or making safe decisions?

  9、★★★★★

  some people prefer to visit only one place during their vacations, others prefer to visit lots of places, which one do you prefer and why?

  10、★★★★★

  Do people nowadays lead a healthier lifestyle than people 100 years ago?

  11、★★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree with the statement that it's important for students to study Art and Music in school. Explain your answer in details.

  12、★★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree with the statement: artists and musicians are important to our society.

  13、★★★★★

  While traveling, some people prefer to go to new places, but others prefer to visit familiar places. Which do you think is better? Explain why.

  14、★★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: it is better to be a leader in a group than a supporting member? Use examples and details in your explanation.

  15、★★★★★

  which one do you prefer, shopping in a large store or shopping in a small store?

  四星级重点-SPEAKING 2

  16、★★★★

  Some people prefer to do one job or project at one time. Other people prefer to do several jobs or projects at the same time. Which do you prefer and why?

  17、★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Personality changes with age.use specific reasons to support your answer.

  18、★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree with the statement? If you want to be successful in running a business, it is important to have a friendly and outgoing personality.

  19、★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree that advertisements have influence on people’s purchasing.

  20、★★★★

  Do you prefer to live in an area that is noisy but close to shops or public transportation, or an area that is quiet but far away from shops and public transportation?

  21、★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree? The most important influence that young adults have are from their families.

  22、★★★★

  Some people consider going to the gym a priority in their life, while others go to the gym only when they have time. Which do you think is better and why?

  23、★★★★

  Some people prefer to have a very tight schedule, while others prefer to have more free time in their schedule. Which one do you prefer and why?

  24、★★★★

  Some people think students should study in the classroom while others believe they should visit the museum or the zoo. Which do you prefer and why?

  25、★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The success of a school largely depends on the resources it has such as textbooks and journals.

  26、★★★★

  Do you prefer to live in a residence where there are strict rules (such as rules against making loud noises at night), or do you prefer to live in a residence without strict rules.

  27、★★★★

  When going on a vacation, some people prefer to stay in a hotel, while others prefer to camp outside in a tent. Which do you prefer?

  28、★★★★

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? University students should learn how to manage their time more efficiently.

  29、★★★★

  Some college students like to spend their free time studying another course or doing schoolwork. Others like to join a club and enjoy club activities. Which do you think is better and why?

  30、★★★★

  Some students like to learn by themselves, others prefer to share their ideas with others. Which one do you prefer?

  综合口语部分

  五星级重点-SPEAKING 3

  1、★★★★★

  教授布置了 a special assignment, 是让学⽣生们去 museum 看 ancient Egyptian sculpture, 然后写paper。 【好处】(1)make more sense than the textbook;(2)教授可以拿到团体票的折扣,半价。

  ⼥女⽣生的觉得这主意好, 原因(1)这样做,可以给学⽣生提供⼀一个近距离亲眼鉴赏课本⾥里讲到的雕塑。有助于帮助学生加深印象。(2)博物馆门票正好有discount,而且不用学生出钱,这个女生本来就打算去,就是因为门票太贵,所以没去成。

  2、★★★★★

  文章:学校要来⼀一个节电⽐比赛,看谁⽤用电少,赢者奖励⽪皮萨派对。

  对话:⼥女的说这很好 啊,应该节电的。还说应该贴⼩小纸条“随⼿手关灯”在开关旁边。男的说:不是每个⼈人都感兴趣。⼥女的说:就算他们对节电 ⽐比赛没有兴趣,也对⽪皮萨派对有兴趣,这样为了赢,他们就会节电了。

  3、★★★★★

  学⽣生要等候个星期在新学期开始地时候才能 move 到新的 apartment。

  男⽣生是⽀支持的观 点。⼀一是因为这样可以确保⾜足够的房间并且合理进⾏行安排。⼆二是因为每次新学期⼀一开学,很多⼈人因为要和朋友搬的近⼀一 点之类的原因,刚开学那一阵子总是很吵。这样有助于维持环境稳定等等。

  4、★★★★★

  学⽣生写信,学校咖啡厅提供 beverages and cookies 很好,但建议增加⼀一些如 sandwich 这样耐吃的⾷食物 和 more light music。

  The woman agrees with the proposal,具体两点进⾏行⽀支持:the cookies don't really help much when she's hungry,所以的确要有⼀一些其他吃的。the music there is too noisy now, she has to go back to her dorm to read instead of reading there

  5、★★★★★

  学校想要在即将建设的科技楼中建⼀一个零食店,这个科技楼离学校的其他部分很远,因⽽而学可以下课到零食店买 吃的。对话里面男同志很反对,说这会鼓励学带零食进课堂,干扰师讲课,比说上课吃薯片啊,啃苹果,多不好。

  6、★★★★★

  学校通知学生比较在毕业前完成 10 个小时的志愿者时间。两个人讨论,女学生认为不合理,因为如果做为硬性要求 的话,很多人不愿意做,因为学校要的encourage 而不是 require, 另一个原因是需要服务的 community 都很远,学生没有⻋车,不方便到,所以不 practical。

  7、★★★★★

  【学校通知】:信里建议把 math building 的一层改成 cafeteria。Convert large empty room in Maths building into small cafeteria. Student can eat between classes 2) install recharge outlets in new cafeteria so student can recharge their laptops.

  【学生意见】:女的赞成,说好啊,现在吃饭的地方在student center,离building好远,上课间隙来来回回很赶,要是能在一层吃东西会朋友该多好,然后又说数学系的楼太旧了,cafeteria可以recharge laptop这样很方便,而且还可以在那干点别的事。(students always use laptops during classes - allows students to recharge

  8、★★★★★

  【学校通知】:校报登了封信,说要对学校大礼堂(auditorium)整修,首先要改进音响系统,然后引入 online tickets system

  【学生意见】:听力里女生同意。第一学校礼堂音响系统确实非常烂,她有时候自己组织读诗会,学校麦克风经常不 work。第二,online systems 也非常有效,能解决问题她自己很难找出合适的时间去现场买票,大礼堂离教室非常远,有时买票队伍很长。

  9、★★★★★

  Reading—Announcement: the school is planning toprohibit students ride bicycles on campus because there could be accidents.Instead, the school would provide free bus service.

  Listening—Attitude: 女生反对

  Listening—Reason 1: 事故都是晚上发生的,白天很安全

  Listening—Reason 2: Bus一小时才来一班,太浪费时间

  10、★★★★★

  reading:学校将在学生中心外墙贴海报

  School will remove the posters on the concrete wall outside the student centre. first it can improve the appearence. second,posters can be put in the dining hall on the bulletin board.

  listening:

  woman:disagrees.

  first,the concrete wall would be boring without the changing posters. Different posters can show different personalities.

  second,not everybody eating in the dining hall. students may choose to eat in the snack bar or on the street. So posters in the dining hall will not be noticed by them.

  11、★★★★★

  Reading

  【Proposal】Students should be allowed to use cell phones in the library.

  【Reasons】

  1.Students can talk with a lower voice and whisper.

  2.Occasionally, students need to make emergency calls.

  Listening

  The girl disagrees. It doesn’t work.

  【Reasons】

  1.The library should be quiet. If students talk with a lower voice or whisper, they cannot be heard, so they would have to talk loudly and make noise, which will cause the distractions to other students.

  2.If students get emergency calls, they can go out to check messages. Normally, urgent calls will be delivered by messages.

  12、★★★★★

  【个人倡议】一学生建议关闭 coffee house. 因为这个地方很少有人来不是一个聚会的好地方并且灯光很差不适宜学习。

  【学生态度】女生和男生讨论反对这建议:理由 1:很多学生白天有课,但晚上有时间经常在 coffee house 聚会, hang out or do some reading.理由 2:after renovation, 这个地方灯光变好,每张桌子上灯光很足。

  13、★★★★★

  Newspaper to Post Off campus Job Opportunities 到校外工作的机会

  The newspaper will feature a job listing of local off-campus businesses

  1 stu complain about shortage of jobs

  2 help stu find jobs related to their majors

  She agrees.

  1. When she was freshman she went to many places like a bookstore to apply for a job. She didnot get one. The offers given by the university are taken too fast. It is very frustrating. As a freshman, she was not familiar with the area. She didnot know where to go to find a job

  2 Her friend who majoys in law wants to know how a lawyer works. But she works in a bookstore which is not beneficial for her career in the long term. If she can find a job as a lawyer, she will have sth good on her resume.

  14、★★★★★

  阅读说大一学生需要得到更多帮助,学校会把小组改为20人,

  男生同意

  原因之一是刚上大学不知道怎么准备论文作业和考试;

  原因之二是大学和高中不同,高中知识听老师讲课,大学是更多的交流。

  15、★★★★★

  【阅读】学生写信建议学校应该有自己 museum.理由一、可以多 opportunity 欣赏好作品; 理由二、让毕业学生赞助修。

  【听力】男同学不同意。理由一、downtown 的 museum 很近,而且 by bus 半小时就到 了。而且还经常邀请特 NB 的艺术家来搞 exhibition。学生证有优惠而且周一(周末)免费; 理由二、最近学校的毕业生已经捐钱盖了两个东西,一个是图书馆,另一是 student center。 学校没钱,校友们也不可能捐钱了

  综合口语部分

  四星级重点-SPEAKING 3

  16、★★★★

  【学校通知】:化学专业 top student 应该拿奖学金: 1. 可以让学生们更好学习;

  2. 对学院获得的钱可以很好利用。

  【学生态度】:The man holds a negative idea.

  1. 系里已经给优秀生 certificate 了,enough 了;

  2. 可以花那笔资金完善设备,造福所有 chemistry students。

  17、★★★★

  【学校通知】:announcement 学校计划要搞 library expansion:把图书馆旁边的 student center 改造成 new library, 从而 increase library space。好处 1、有更多的空间摆放更多书 shelves、存放更多媒体 materials。好处 2、摆放更多桌 椅,让学生有更多地方自习。

  【学生态度】:男生反对。理由 1、学校应该用 technology 手段而非扩建图书馆以节省 space, 比如将资料扫描成 electronic copy 储存到电脑里可以节省空间。理由 2、同学们爱去 student center 自习,不爱去图书 馆。学校减小学生中心只能导致学生自习空间更少。

  18、★★★★

  A student writes a letter suggesting that school should ban the food cart.两个原因,一是Not clean二是为了学生的健康着想。

  对话中女生不同意 一是校园不干净不是food cart的问题而是not enough garbage can的问题,学校应该多放置几个垃圾 桶。二是学校的食堂也不见得有多Healthy,而food cart除了提供hot dog之外还提供fruit 和juice的健康食品。女生可以买 东西吃而不会在课堂上hungry.

  19、★★★★

  先看了一个老师发的通告。通告中说,从下学期开始,每三次作业以后要安排一个单独和老师见面的机会。考试后,老师会单独和每个同学谈话,分析试卷,这个时候同学可以就不同的问题和关系的话题提问。然后出现连个同学就这个

  通告进行讨论。

  女:你看到通告了吗

  男:看到了

  女:你觉得怎么样

  男:我觉得好极了。你不觉得吗?

  女:我不知道。

  男:这样很好啊,老师和你一起讨论试卷,你就可以问任何你不懂的问题。平时拿到试卷,有的问题你不明白为什么错,但是又好意思问,怕老师觉得你在抱怨。尤其是你分数比你想象的低的时候。这次正好有了个机会可以和老师讨论试卷,还不会让老师误会,因为你只是做了他让你做得事情。

  女:听起来好像是这样。

  男:一对一单独谈话的好处就是你可以问任何你感兴趣的问题。这在平时是很难得的机会,尤其是在很多人一起上课的情况下。

  20、★★★★

  学校要取消一年级新生使用 parking pot 的资格,男学生不同意,主要原因有:1)freshmen 里只有 85 个人有车要 park,根本缓解不了问题。2)需求的车位远远大于 100 个。3)应该把荒废的 football space 作为停车场还差不多。

  21、★★★★

  一个学生写信给学校说应高增加 theater 的座位,因为现有的座位满足不了同学们看 play 的需求。女的反对说 1. 你装啥啊,一年才去看几回 play,而且每回去人也不多啊,所以根本没必要。2. 太费钱,学校又要欠债了,拿啥还。

  22、★★★★

  阅读内容 阅读内容 :学校要展开环境保护项目,提高生的意识现在专业读才能参加。听力 男学生同意。 1:现在大部分学生的环保意识已经非常强烈,出门都会关灯不存告示里说薄弱象校 : 2:项目应该向全体学生成员开放 特别是项目还要提供相关方面的培训。

  23、★★★★

  【学生提议】是一个人出的意见:食堂里不应该放电视,朋友真正对话时间。【男生反对】 理 由:要安静有的地方,读书图馆而且大学里都已经是成年人了,很熟这些问题可以自己解决,不该是学校的问题.

  24、★★★★

  Boy的大学请别的学校 professor 来 lecture 但是现在这个演讲取消了,第一个原因是没人去,第二个原因是请别的学校的老师来经费贵。所以 BOY 和 girl 在听力里辩论。boy 认为没人去听演讲,因为学校只在学校的 website 上打广告应该贴满校园,让别人知道。第二个,如果能让 professor 住 campus 就能减少 hotel 的费用。

  25、★★★★

  学生建议大提供机会让可以和校外的 mentor 交流,在校外的 office 里。不仅讨论学生活动,并且对今后找工作有帮助。 听力里女生反对这个提议作1. 学生都太忙了,没有时间到校外的 学生都太忙了,没有时间到校外的 学生都太忙了,没有时间到校外的 学生都太忙了,没有时间到校外的 office 去和 mentor 交流,其实学校里就有一 交流,其实学校里就有一 个 student center 可以解决这些问题。 可以解决这些问题。 可以解决这些问题。 2. 可以问父母, academic advisor 和 professor 了解这些信息。太多人给反而让学confused。

  26、★★★★

  【阅读】学校准备在下一学期举行一个library training day,帮助那些刚上大学的学生学会如何使用图书馆查找资料。培训完了之后还要布置作业,确保学生们都学会了。

  【听力】男生说这个计划很糟糕,因为1、现在大多数学生都是用自己的电脑查资料;2、即使要用到图书馆订阅journal,也可以使用自己的电脑进行查找;3、新生本来就很忙了,还要给他们布置作业,会让新生更忙。

  27、★★★★

  【学校通知】为了帮主生解决电脑问题,准备雇用一些 paid student technician。这些 technician 要住在宿舍, 为了给大家提供 24 小时的服务。作为回报,住宿费用减低一半【学生意见】 Conversation:女的觉得这是个好主意, : 第一点 . 她有一次做作业到很晚,电脑 freeze 了,修不好她只能抱着一大堆书去图馆用电脑。但是第二天个朋友说这是个很简单的问题,一下子就解决了如果有 友说这是个很简单的问题,一下子就解决了如果有 student technician 能帮她解决这个问题,就太好了。第二点降低一半的住宿费很不错,因为太贵了她也想去竞选这个职位。

  28、★★★★

  学校打算培训一批新的宿舍管理员,通过老经验交流方式。女生觉得这是个很好想法首先她当后有很多经验如何去处理 事务纠纷等问题,这样的话新人能够从里学到。其次也老一批宿管有时间很多经验如何去处理 事务纠纷等问题,诸如学生宿舍的调配什么。

  29、★★★★

  【学生提议】一封letter 建议学校在 建议学校在 computer tab 增加 sign-up sheet【原因】现在用 paper 要等很长 时间,预约可以提高efficiency【学生 态度】女disagreed(1)如果规定用 computer 的时间会使学生 inconvenient and low efficiency;(2)time slot,学生们换来去会造成 loud noise。

  30、★★★★

  【阅读】学校要把学校的⼀一个 theater 租给⼀一个 local group 当地剧团排练。(1)因为暑假theater 没有学⽣生 ⽤用,如果租给剧团排练,那么有 summer class 的学⽣生就可以有娱乐活动了;(2)可以赚钱修设施

  【听力】学⽣生同意 (1)bring entertainment to students, 能丰富学⽣生课余⽣生活。提到去年暑假在学校没有体育艺术活动,很⽆无聊;(2)the rental fees 能⽤用来改善剧院的设施。seats areuncomfortable and old

  五星级重点-SPEAKING 4

  1、★★★★★

  emotional reasoning 人类对一件事抱有负面感觉会影响他对事情的真实性的判断,要去寻找负面感觉的 evidence 看看存不存在。教授举了个例子,他刚加入psychology lab工作时,同事之间互相邀约聚会却没邀请他。他以为自己不受欢迎,实际上想想只不过是大家不熟。主动沟通后就没问题了,教授举的例 子怎么 illustrate emotional reasoning

  2、★★★★★

  Reading: Concept of reactance, 当人们越不被允许做某件事情,人们却越想去做。

  Listening:

  Example 1: Kids play, if their parents do not allow them to play, they are more likely to go to play.

  Example 2: Soap contains an poisonous material, but when soap is limited to be used, people will miss it.

  3、★★★★★

  【名词解释】(一种现象)许多动物看不到,但是可以躲避障碍捕捉食。教授举例蝙蝠吃老鼠,只有在晚上出来活动但是蝙依然捕捉得到.因为它靠发射回的音辨别障碍物比如树而且它可以分辨障碍物是树还老鼠。

  4、★★★★★

  experience goods 指没有用过就不知道好坏的货物,一般商家会提供免费样品给客户试试。例子就是他卖教学 DVD 的朋友,那朋友知道 DVD 很好,但是没人买。她给那地区所有学校送了张,结果老师发现学生很喜欢,于是纷纷订购,后来全国都有人购买。

  5、★★★★★

  【名词解释】natural consequence 阅读讲的小孩做错事,大人口语不用惩罚,由着做错事的结果来惩罚孩子。 【讲 座举例】教授给了个例子,教授 5 岁的女儿经常把玩具放在后院,平常教授都帮女儿收拾。 一天女儿还是把玩具放在 后院,教授没有帮收拾,那天晚上下雨,把她的玩具损坏了,女儿在这件事后认识到自己的错,以后再也不帮玩具放后 院了。

  6、★★★★★

  audience profile( 广告受众的需求)。讲做广告之前,要 gather and analyze 潜在消费者 customer的喜好和需求,针对他们的 personal 喜好和需求设计 告。 教授举了个卖牛奶的例子。有个 milk company 想推销它的牛奶, 先在超市做了群众问卷调查,问了很多问题 如 where, how often, who, how much 之类,确定 house wife 尤其 是 mother 是 primary 客户。这些女性客户购买牛奶的时候,看重的是牛奶的营养, 不是口味,于是牛奶公司做的广告主要介绍他们的牛奶含有很多维生素等营养物质。因此广告使销量很快改善。

  7、★★★★★

  名词解释:interest boosting:教学中常用的一种技巧(technique),就是教学的时候,要把教授的知识和学生现有兴 趣联系起来(connected with what the students are interested in),学生就能学的更有效率。教授举例:他老婆是学校里的老师, 教化学的。有一次要讲 Marie Curie.但开始学生们都不感兴趣也不能集中精力,后来他老婆找到一个关于居里夫人的电影, 说了一些她的发明和故事, 而且电影里还有演员是很 popular 学生很喜欢的。所以很多对电影感兴趣的同学也就开始对 居里夫人感兴趣,注意力很容易就集中了。问题:用教授的例子解释什么是 interest boosting

  8、★★★★★

  c 开头的 feeding。 两种物种的共生关系。其中一种能从这种关系取得 好处,另一个不受影响。给例子是给了一种鸟和 cattle 的例子。这种鸟吃一种昆虫。这种鸟跟随 cattle。当 cattle 吃草 的时候鸟就容易找到那个昆虫,cattle 不受影响。

  9、★★★★★

  Assimilation and Accomondation

  阅读里说:When chilren learn new object, if the objects fit in the concept they knew, they will fill it in that category, this is assimilation. Accomondation 的我记不清了,就不误导了。

  听力里说:The profeesor's daughter,Jenny, always watches birds through windows. When she saw a bird she would shout":bird!bird!"since it has wings and feathers and it can fly. Later, when the profsesor took Jenny to the zoo and saw ostirch, she did not know it was a bird. The professor asked her:"what is it?" She hesitated to say:"it is a bird".

  教授女儿很小,当看见有鸟飞的时候,让小孩说BIRD, 在她的脑子里,鸟的概念就是小的翅膀的飞的东西。一天教授带女儿去动物园,看见ostrich也有翅膀,问孩子这个是什么,小孩犹豫下说是鸟,在这个事中,女儿改变了鸟的定义

  10、★★★★★

  【名词解释】diffusion effects。就是做实验设两个对照组,但如果对照组收到实验组的干扰这个实验就失败了。

  【讲座举例】 一个想要research一个exercise可不可以缓解office worker的疲劳。把一个 building 分成两组,并告知做 ex 的那一组不准告诉不做的那一组。结果几星期过去了,实验组的有人就跟对照组的人感叹啊,说做了这个 ex 神清气爽啊,结果对照组的人也去做那个 ex 了。 实验失败。

  11、★★★★★

  机会主义者:植物界有这样一种植物,当一块地的植物被不知道什么原因消灭的时候,这种机会主义植物就会赶紧占领这块地 。但是当人家本来的植物长回来的时候,这个机会主义植物竞争不过人家,只好慢慢消失。

  教授的例 是: 牛吃草。

  12、★★★★★

  【名词解释】leader price,就是搞个商品降价,打广告吸引顾客来买,这就是领导产品...别人来了不仅会买这个

  产品,还会买其他的...所以虽然这个产品没赚钱,其他的赚了很多。

  【讲座举例】教授年轻时在超市工作,经理

  把牛奶降价,打广告,许多顾客来买,顺便买了其他东西,像鸡蛋什么所以那周获得了更高总利润。

  微信扫描下方二维码,第一时间知晓托福考试真题预测及解析,还有北美留学最新动态喔~(微信号:toefl120)!

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