Integrated task 3

  Reading passage

  Rembrandt is the most famous of the seventeenth-century Cutch painters. However, there are doubts whether some paintings attributed to Rembrandt were actually painted by him. One such painting is known as Portrait of an Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet. The painting was attributed to Rembrandt because of its style, and indeed the representation of the woman’s face is very much like that of portraits known to be by Rembrandt. But there are problems with the painting that suggest it could not be a work by Rembrandt.

  First, there is something inconsistent about the way the woman in the portrait is dressed. She is wearing a white linen cap of a kind that only servants would wear –yet the coat she is wearing has a luxurious fur collar that no servant could afford. Rembrandt, who was known for his attention to the details of his subjects’ clothing, would not have been guilty of such an inconsistency.

  Second, Rembrandt was a master of painting light and shadow, but in this painting there elements do not fit together. The face appears to be illuminated by light reflected onto is from below. But below the face is the dark fur collar, which would absorb light rather than reflect it. So the face should appear partially in shadow -- which is not how it appears. Rembrandt would never have made such an error.


  Finally, examination of the back of the painting reveals that is was painted on a panel made of several pieces of wood glued together. Although Rembrandt often painted on wood panels, no painting known to be by Rembrandt uses a panel glued together in this way from several pieces of wood.

  For these reasons the painting was removed for the official catalog of Rembrandt’s paintings in the 1930s.

  Listening: Please listen to 。ーog-integrated test 3.mp3。ア

  Sample answer」コ

  Both texts deal with the question of whether or not the painting “Portrait of an Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet” was painted by the most famous Dutch painter Rembrandt. The text clearly states, that many facts prove that it was not painted by Rembrandt himself, but just attributed to him because of his style. In the lecture, however, the professor gives proof why it is in fact a work of the famous Dutch painter.

  The first contradicting fact is the clothes of the woman in the portrait. She is wearing a white linen cap which gives her the appearance of a simple servant, whereas the luxurious fur collar she wears does not fit. In the lecture, it is said that after a thorough research, people found out that the fur collar was added to the painting about 100 years later in order to increase the value of the work, because now it illustrated an aristocratic lady instead of a servant.

  Another problem with the painting was the display of light and shadow. Rembrandt was known as a master of painting light and shadow. Yet contradictorily the elements in the work do not fit together. However, the lecturer explains thatby removing the additional fur collar, one could see that the lady was wearing a simple light colored cloth, which reflects light into her face.

  The third aspect which makes people wonder about the origins of the painting was the fact that the panel was made of several pieces of wood glued together instead of just one panel which was usual for works of Rembrandt. But the additional panels were also added later to enlarge the painting. By doing this the painting seemed to be more valuable.Another interesting fact is that the main panel is made from the same tree like another painting of Rembrandt, “Self-portrait with a hat”.

  In the end it is clear that this painting is indeed a work of the Dutch painter and it should be reintegrated in the catalog of Rembrandt’s paintings.

  一、 阅读听力要点概括

  Reading Passage

  Theme: There are doubts that the painting was done by R

  Key point 1: R would not ignore the inconsistence in that the woman wore what she could not afford

  Key point 2: R would know that the light and shadow did not fit well

  Key point 3: R would not employ wood panels that were glued together

  Lecture

  Theme: Ways to control, not clear

  Key words 1: Enough knowledge, stop, empty out the freshwater, refill with ocean water, saltwater, kill

  Key words 2: Removed, original painting, simple, light-colored, light and shadow, illuminated, realistic

  Key words 3: Added, enlarged, extra wood pieces, valuable, single, another painting

  二、范文逐段赏析

  Paragraph 1

  Both texts deal with the question of whether or not the painting “Portrait of an Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet” was painted by the most famous Dutch painter Rembrandt. The text clearly states, that many facts prove that it was not painted by Rembrandt himself, but just attributed to him because of his style. In the lecture, however, the professor gives proof why it is in fact a work of the famous Dutch painter.

  此段功能

  首段是总领段,总结了文章与讲座中的不同观点,为接下来的论述做好了铺垫。

  此段结构

  本段为总分结构,首句指出了全文讨论的问题,即这幅画是不是由荷兰著名画家亲自画的。然后分别阐述了阅读和听力中的观点,即在文章中,作者认为此画不是由画家本人亲自完成的,只是沿用了他的风格;而在讲座中,演讲者认为有证据证明此画就是画家本人所画。

  Paragraph 2

  The first contradicting fact is the clothes of the woman in the portrait. She is wearing a white linen cap which gives her the appearance of a simple servant, whereas the luxurious fur collar she wears does not fit. In the lecture, it is said that after a thorough research, people found out that the fur collar was added to the painting about 100 years later in order to increase the value of the work, because now it illustrated an aristocratic lady instead of a servant.

  此段功能

  本段指出了画中第一个矛盾点:画中女人服装不统一。然后陈述了演讲者对于这一矛盾点的解释,即画中女人的皮领是100多年后后人加上的,用以增加画的价值,以此来证明这幅画原画还是画家本人所做。

  此段结构

  本段并列结构,首先指出第一个矛盾点,然后阐述了演讲者的反驳观点。

  Paragraph 3

  Another problem with the painting was the display of light and shadow. Rembrandt was known as a master of painting light and shadow. Yet contradictorily the elements in the work do not fit together. However, the lecturer explains that by removing the additional fur collar, one could see that the lady was wearing a simple light colored cloth, which reflects light into her face.

  此段功能

  本段指出了画中第二个矛盾点:画中光影的处理。画家以光影的处理著称,然而画中元素并不统一和谐。演讲者对此的解释是,因为画中皮领为后加上的,去掉这个部分,原画中的光影处理还是很好的,以此来证明这幅画原画还是画家本人所做。

  此段结构

  本段并列结构,首先指出第二个矛盾点,然后阐述了演讲者的反驳观点。

  Paragraph 4

  The third aspect which makes people wonder about the origins of the painting was the fact, that the panel was made of several pieces of wood glued together instead of just one panel which was usual for works of Rembrandt. But the additional panels were also added later to enlarge the painting. By doing this the painting seemed to be more valuable. Another interesting fact is that the main panel is made from the same tree like another painting of Rembrandt, “Self-portrait with a hat”.

  此段功能

  本段指出了画中第三个矛盾点:画的镶嵌板不是画家惯用的一整块风格,而是多块拼接而成。但是演讲者指出,多余的镶嵌板也是后加的,而原画只有主镶嵌板,并且有趣的是,这个镶嵌板还和画家之前的一幅画的镶嵌板出自同一棵树的木头,以此来证明这幅画也是画家自己画的。

  此段结构

  本段并列结构,首先指出第三个矛盾点,然后阐述了演讲者的反驳观点。

  Paragraph 5

  In the end it is clear that this painting is indeed a work of the Dutch painter and it should be reintegrated in the catalog of Rembrandt’s paintings.

  此段功能

  此段是总结段,经过上述三个论点的一一驳回,得出结论,这幅画是画家亲笔所画。

  此段结构

  此段言简意赅地对全文进行总结。

  三、范文全篇总评

  1、逻辑结构

  全文采用总分总的结构,在首段提出了文章与演讲争论的焦点,在接下来的三段一一提出文章中的观点,然后用演讲者的论据进行反驳。最后一段作者得出结论。

  2、语言表达

  文中有这样一个长句值得学习。

  The third aspect which makes people wonder about the origins of the painting was the fact that the panel was made of several pieces of wood glued together instead of just one panel which was usual for works of Rembrandt.

  文章的主干是The third aspect was the fact. 其中用which引导的定语从句修饰aspect, that引导的同位语从句解释fact,同时在同位语从句中还有套从句,instead of 词组等,需要注意文章层次结构。

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