为了提高托福写作水平,让自己的托福写作分数更高,同学们使出了浑身解数,很多同学考虑的是如何应用经典美句,如何使用高级复杂词汇以及所谓高级的句式语法,却时常忽略要先打好基础。智课网小编为考生准备了托福写作185题库独立范文及解析,考生可以通过学习范文来掌握某些表达的正确用词,也能吸取经验,找到托福高分作文的技巧,希望对广大考生有帮助。

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Watching television is bad for children. Use specific details and examples to support your answer.

  There is much conjecture over whether television is a positive or negative influence on a young child's development. There is a good case to be made for either of these opinions; I believe that both could be true depending on the programming the children are absorbing.

  Nature programs, documentaries and educational programming can expose children to a wide variety of useful information. When children watch these types of programs, they are more likely to become concerned about the world around them, whether in terms of environmental issues, political issues, or cultural issues. Watching educational television is an excellent method of helping young people discover where their interests lie. For example, if a child sees a documentary on space exploration, they might develop a passion for it and continue studying it later in life. A show that a person watched when they were a child could possibly have been a catalyst for choosing a career.

  On the other hand, most cartoons, soap operas, or violent crime television shows are detrimental to a child's development. Cartoons offer no useful information to a young person, and usually do not succeed in getting the child interested in anything except fantasy. Adult television, such as soap operas, can introduce children to subject matter that is not appropriate for their innocent minds, and can often cause children to grow up too fast. Violent television is perhaps most damaging for a young child to watch. It has been proven that if children watch violence on television when they are young, they become desensitized to it, and sometimes end up becoming violent adults.

  In conclusion, I believe that the argument over whether watching TV is bad for children should definitely be swayed by what the children are viewing. Educational television can be very beneficial to a young person. When this medium is used in such a way, new thoughts and ideas can be opened up to the young person. However, watching the wrong television shows can be very dangerous. Children can desensitize themselves to the world around them, and become antisocial, violent adults. I think the best situation is to ensure that parents monitor their children's television shows very carefully. By using this method, children will receive all of the benefits of good television, while avoiding all of its negative aspects.

  满分要素剖析

  一、 语言表达

  本文语言的特点在于词组的使用,在词汇量有限的情况下,词组的替代和使用也会对语言的丰富性做出贡献。但是文中也有一些高级词汇的点缀,因此文章的语言读起来也不乏灵气。

  1、When children watch these types of programs, they are more likely to become concerned about the world around them, whether in terms of environmental issues, political issues, or cultural issues. Be likely to表示可能,加上more表示一种某种倾向性,在语义上和tend to,be inclined to类似。Concern about表示关心,关注。Whether在这里是指代多个选项中的某些,可能的某个。in terms of是表示根据,在…方面,后面接列举的要素,方面,在做讨论时可以说 discuss something in terms of…,表示从哪几个方面来讨论事物。

  2、It has been proven that if children watch violence on television when they are young, they become desensitized to it, and sometimes end up becoming violent adults. 全句用it has been proven that的被动语态,it做主语开头,是一种十分客观的表达,一般在比较严肃正式的文章里鼓励用这样的形式来造句。Desensitize表示使麻木,不敏感,使无情。end up doing something表示以…结尾,还有end up with表达相同的意思,用来引出结局和后果。

  3、In conclusion, I believe that the argument over whether watching TV is bad for children should definitely be swayed by what the children are viewing. 句首用in conclusion表示总结,总的来说。Over用在argument之后,引出争论的内容和话题。Sway,表示影响的动词,与influence,affect等动词意思相近。

  二、 逻辑结构

  作者在文中以开放式的讨论形式,分两种情况讨论了电视节目对于孩子的成长到底是好,还是坏。一种是带有教育性质,健康的电视节目,会对孩子的成长起到积极的作用;而暴力的,没有思考价值的和针对大人的节目则会让孩子受到不良的影响。在结尾收束全文时,作者除了总结上文的讨论之外,还针对这样的问题提出了自己的解决意见,体现了思考问题的全面性。

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