为了提高托福写作水平,让自己的托福写作分数更高,同学们使出了浑身解数,很多同学考虑的是如何应用经典美句,如何使用高级复杂词汇以及所谓高级的句式语法,却时常忽略要先打好基础。智课网小编为考生准备了托福写作185题库独立范文及解析,考生可以通过学习范文来掌握某些表达的正确用词,也能吸取经验,找到托福高分作文的技巧,希望对广大考生有帮助。【185题库免费下载】

  You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business. Which would you choose to buy? Give specific reasons to explain your choice.

  If I had enough money to purchase either a house or a business, I would choose a business. A house is attractive to me, for it may bring me shelter and comforts. However, I like a business better, because a business offers me much more.

  A business is a challenge for me. I like to embrace new challenges which, I believe, are good opportunities to develop and exhibit my abilities. I admire Bill Gates, not only for his talent, but also for his courage. I am confident of my capability; still, I need real opportunity to test it. No matter if it is success or failure that I will have to face, it is a new experience for me. After all, real satisfaction is in the traveling, not arriving. I have learned a lot from books, but I don’t have enough experience. Therefore, learning by doing is my ideal,and running a business can help me fulfill it. I can hone my abilities during this process, and become more and more mature at the same time.

  A house may satisfy my immediate needs, while a business may bring me long-term satisfaction. If I have a house, I will have a place to live, feeling warm and sheltered. There is almost no further benefits. By contrast, a business has more potential for losses or gains. If I am really as capable as I have expected, it will probably be gains. Even the potential itself is exciting enough for me. According to Maslow’s needs hierarchy, housing is a basic need, while running a business of my own and for myself, belongs to the needs of self-actualization, the highest one. Many people can satisfy their basic needs, but only a small number can reach the highest level.

  If I have to choose between either a house or a business, I will choose the latter, because if I succeed in running it, I will be able to buy a house as well as many other things. However, if I choose a house, I will own only a house, nothing more.

  满分要素剖析

  一、 语言表达

  这篇文章并不像其它众多范文一样大量充斥着长难句以及高深的用词,大家仔细阅读可以发现,文章擅长用短小精炼的单句或者简单的复合句进行犀利的论证,表达观点时用词精炼,言简意赅。长短句的结合也恰到好处,句子收放自如。

  1、“I like to embrace new challenges”中的”embrace”用的十分生动。通常人们都是会用accept challenges, 而作者在这里用这个词表示愿意“拥抱”挑战,可见其形象而又地道的用词。

  “hone one’s ability”也是一种较高级的表达方法。也是同学们可以借鉴的表达。

  2、本文并没有太多的从句,有两、有一处定语从句值得一提。“I like to embrace new challenges which, I believe, are good opportunities to develop and exhibit my abilities.” Which 引导的定语从句进一步修饰了challenges 对作者的意义。而I believe 这一插入语的巧妙运用,在增强语言表达效果上起着重要的作用。

  3、文章虽然没有高深莫测的长难句,每一句话几乎都浅显易懂,但也不乏充满哲理的句子。例如:“After all, real satisfaction is in the traveling, not arriving.” 其实当下很多文章都喜欢把一些人生哲理与人的旅途结合起来,道理虽然简单,但却发人深省。作者也是巧妙的掌握了这一点,把对满足感的追求与人生旅程结合在一起。

  二、 逻辑结构

  文章结构是典型的总分总结构,文章最大的亮点就是说服力强的论据和逻辑性强,结构严谨的论证过程。这些都是值得同学们好好借鉴学习的。作者在第一段就给出明确的论点,强调需要的是一份事业而非房子,因为事业可以给他带来更多。在随后的两段里,作者对这个“多”展开了一系列严谨而充分的论述。通过追求事业,人们可以累积经验财富,并且把学到的东西用于实践,最终达到自我实现的目标。其中最值得一提的是作者引用了两个强有力的实例——比尔盖茨和马斯洛的需求金字塔,这样不但丰富了论据,充分论证了观点而且避免了没有实例支持而显得内容空洞乏味的现象。作者严谨的论证过程还可以体现在第三段开头的让步。由于事物的两面性,适当的让步可以显得论证过程更加严谨,无懈可击。作者并没有因为支持其中一方而完全否定另一方,而是通过合理比较得出结论。

  独立写作185题库是ETS公布的托福考试经典官方作文题库,收录在托福考试官方指南(Official Guide)的附录中,在托福考试改革之前,是作文真题的主要来源。现在的托福考试对官方作文题目进行了扩大,但是185题库仍然和考试作文真题紧密相连,为考生提供最权威最真实的托福范文参考和写作练习。SmartStudy的教学专家对185题库的逐题讲解,从考题精读,头脑风暴,范文展示,甚至是同类题型的归纳等多个方面切入,将平面简短的文题毁灭性地分崩离析,以思路指导清晰其面貌,以生动的观点和事例丰满其个性,提供更完整更立体的试题透视途径,准确击碎写作障碍。

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