托福综合写作Topic 议题what is the real functions of the shafts in the pyramid.
Thesis 总论点 Three possible explanations
Shafts are used as ventilation.
Shafts have religious meaning with their position correspond to the position of stars, which represent god in Egypt.
Shafts are the passageways for the king’s spirit to travel to the afterlife.
The shafts do not stick out and can not reach air.
The linkage between gods and stars believed by the Ancient Egyptians was raised later than the year when the pyramid was built.
Many other pyramids used symbolic images on the wall to represent the passageway.
The professor refutes the three explanation raised the reading of the usage of the shafts in the pyramid.
First, the professor does not believe the idea mentioned in the reading that shafts are used as the ventilation for workers to breathe fresh air. She pointed out that though the upper shafts stick out to and can reach air, the lower ones can not and they just stop at the wall. Since the construction of the shafts must serve the same function, so the ventilation theory is not plausible.
Second, the professor contradicts that the position of shafts has religious meaning. The linkage between gods and stars believed by the Ancient Egyptians was raised later than the year when the pyramid was built.
Third, the professor admits that the Ancient Egyptians did believe the king’s spirit can travel to the afterlife, but the traveling passageway is not necessarily tangible. Many other pyramids used symbolic images on the wall to represent the passageway. They believed the king’s soul could pass through the wall without any using of opening.