托福阅读总结题部分,掌握一定的答题技巧,可以让大家在实际的考试中,更快速的解答题目。所以在具体的复习备考中,大家需要熟练的掌握这些解题技巧,以便我们能够更好的提高分数。下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  总结题主要目的:

  考查学生理解和识别主要内容和文中所提及重要的信息。

  Direction:

  An introductory sentence or a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the three answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points

  解决这类考题的方法:

  一、清楚文章的论证类型

  总分型一般容易出这类考题。我以中文为例,丽丽老师是一个非常好的人。首先,她很乐于助人例如一次我看见她扶一个盲人过马路,其次丽丽老师很慷慨,有一次我看见她为希望工程捐了她当时兜里的全部钱(50元),第三丽丽很谦虚和平易近人。

  如下面这样的新托福阅读文章特别容易出总结题

  Lily is a nice person.

  1、 丽丽乐于助人

  2、 丽丽扶一个盲人过马路

  3、 丽丽老师很慷慨,

  4、 老余捐了100元

  5、 丽丽很谦虚和平易近人

  6、 丽丽经常打架

  正确答案应该是:1、3、5

  二、解决方法:

  一)主体词排除错误选项法

  首先抓住要总结的关键词也就是主体词,就是要问哪方向的内容,如上个例子,主体题丽丽一定会在正确答案中出现,不然问的是丽丽可以答案谈论的是别人,就变得完全不相关了,根据这个特点我们可以排除 4老余捐了100元

  如OG上的一道总结题可以直接使用主体词排除错误选项的方法

  The technology of modern cinema evolved at the end of the nineteenth century.

  1、 Kinetoscope parlors or viewing films were modeled on phonograph parlors

  2、 Thomas Edison’s design of the Kinetoscope inspired the development of large screen projection.

  3、 Early cinema allowed individuals to use special machines to view films privately.

  4、 Slides-and-lantern shows had been presented.

  5、 The development of projection technology made it possible to project images on a large screen

  6、 once films images could be projected, the cinema became a form of mass consumption

  其中只有三个选项有本问题的关键词,本问题的关键词是 the technology of cinema.

  二)细节信息排除法

  总结题是对对文章的高度概括所以细节的出现犯了以偏概全的错误,如中文例子中的2、丽丽扶一个盲人过马路。 这是一个具体的事实细节,我们要绕过例子看总结。所以在排除它。

  如OG中的一道题目

  This passage discusses fossils that help to explain the likely origins of cetaceans-whales, porpoises and dolphins

  Answer choices

  1 Recent discoveries of fossils have helped to show he link between land mammals and cetaceans(这是本文的主题)

  2、The discovery of Ambulocetus natans provided evidence for a whale that lived both on land and at sea.(总结性信息)

  3、The skeleton of Basilosaurus are found in what had been the Tehys Sea, an area rich in fossil evidence. (绝对的事实细节)-排除

  4 Pakicetus is the oldest fossil whale yet to be found((绝对的事实细节)-排除

  5、Fossils thought to be transitional forms between walking mammals and swimming whales were found..(主题)

  6、Ambulocetus’hind legs were used for propulsion in the water. ((绝对的事实细节)-排除

  三)新信息出现排除

  如6:丽丽经常打架,原文没有出现,所以正确答案中一定没有。

  以上就是关于“托福阅读总结题技巧的总结”的内容,希望通过本篇文章的学习,对大家的考试有更好的帮助,也希望大家能够在考试中取得优异的成绩,早日实现留学梦想!更多精彩内容,敬请关注本频道的更新!


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