托福听力考试的题型技巧,也是大家日常备考中的重点。毕竟通过这些内容的具体练习,可以帮助我们更快速的解答题目,有效的拿到听力题型的分数。那么具体的这部分内容是什么?如何做好复习备考?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  例如:重要概念的定义或解释,事情、现象或理论的特征,当教授解释所重要的例子等等。

  常见问题的具体形式

  1. What is X?

  2. Which of the area does the picture illustrate?

  3. According to the professor, what is one way that X can affect Y?

  4. According to the professor, what is the main problem with the X theory?

  5. Why does the university do X?

  6. What resulted from the invention of the X?

  7. Why does the professor mention...?

  问题解决技巧

  是否是托福听力对话是演讲,做详细问题的关键是做听力笔记,根据笔记做问题。细节是严重依赖听力笔记的问题类型。详细的问题只检查重要的细节,通常是与主题相关,你不会得到很小的细节。简言之,需要注意概念解释、事物的特性、比较、例子、因果转换后的内容与强调,记笔记。如果你不做笔记是很好,无法确定正确的选项,选择一个与对话或讲座主题最匹配的选项。

  提示词和提示句

  1. 当教授5W-H ( what, who, when, where, why, how)询问和回答时,经常回答是细节问题解答。

  2. 定义或解释一个概念

  That is why they are called...

  Basically, what this says...

  The general definition is...

  ... is know/defined as...

  The term means...

  3. 表建议

  Why not/ Why don’t you...

  You should...

  What about/ How about...

  You’d better...

  I suggest / recommend...

  Have you tried...

  4. 表特性

  The main feature(s)/ character(s)/ characteristic(s)/ is/ are...

  Concerning X’s appearance...

  X is made up of ...

  They can.../ They can be used ...

  5. 但是

  but, however, in fact,

  actually, yet, while, unless...

  6. 表格强调

  remember, keep in mind,

  be sure to note that...,

  pay special attention to...

  7. 表格示例

  for example, for instance,

  to exemplify, to illustrate,

  let’s consider the case of...

  8. 表因果关系表

  because (of), since,

  due to, as a result of,

  resulting from, that is why...

  如何解决这个问题

  1. 查看注释,注意跟随笔记所注意细节的顺序,找出答案的位置,因为托福听力试题的写作顺序与录音顺序基本一致,也就是说,它与音符的顺序一致。

  2. 分析选项:将选项与注释进行比较,通常答案是是注释的同义替换。

  3. 确定答案

  Tips 正确的选择 VS 错误选项

  对的:

  1. 原文专业正确解释单词

  2. 原文中重要细节的同义词替换

  错误:

  1. 尽管重复原话,但要改变观念

  2. 错误消息或是关于另一个问题的信息

  3. 根本没有提到的信息

  4. 常识的回答

  5. 用受试者的信息回答细节

  吃一个栗子:

  Male Student: Oh, I see what you mean. Umm, is that that stuff about “hopping genes,” or something like that?

  Female Student: Right. Although actually they’re called “jumping genes,” not “hopping genes.”

  Male Student: Oh, OK. Jumping genes.

  Female Student: Yeah, but they have another name, too, that I can’t think of. Umm... let me see if I can find it here in the book...

  Male Student: I thank it’s probably on...

  Female Student: Oh, OK. Here it is. Transposons. That’s what they’re called.

  Male Student: Let me see. OK. Trans-po-sons, trans-posons. So“transposons” is another name for a jumping gene?

  Female Student: Right. And these transposons are, you know, like, little bits od DNA that are able to move form one cell to another. That’s why they’re called “jumping genes.” They kind of, you know, “jump” from one cell to another.

  Male Student: OK

  According to the conversation, why are transposons sometimes called“jumping genes”?

  A. They are able to move form one bacteria cell to another.

  B. They are found in people with exceptional jumping ability.

  C. They occur in every other generation of bacteria.

  D. Their movements are rapid and unpredictable.

  这是概念解释的典型细节问题。表示疑问的是为什么? “transposons” 有时它被称为 “jumping genes”。

  第一,代表概念定义的信号词在对话中反复出现 “is called”, “name”,因此,很容易给出概念解释的具体问题。信号句后的关键概念 “jumping genes” 和“transposons” 以及概念的解释 “And these transposons ... are able to move form one cell to another. ”

  其次,出现原因信号词 “That’s why”,信号词后是一把钥匙:“ ‘jump’ from one cell to another”。同义词替换后的正确选项是:“They are able to move form one bacteria cell to another”。

  以上就是关于“托福听力因果细节题的技巧”的内容,希望通过本篇文章的学习,对大家的考试有更好的帮助,也希望大家能够在考试中取得优异的成绩,早日实现留学梦想!更多精彩内容,敬请关注本频道的更新!


展开显示全文