托福阅读考试部分中,拿到28分的成绩,大家也要讲究一定的技巧,这些对于我们来说,是备考的重点。这些技巧,可以帮助我们更全面的提升阅读技能,帮助我们更好的提高分数。下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  阅读28,从哪里开刀

  单词,长难句,文章结构,题型专项训练都是阅读拿高分的关键。

  先看几个题型的做法:

  1. 事实信息题

  方法:key words, key sentences, key meaning

  步骤:精读题干,确定定位词,回原文找定位句,提取题干,根据关键信息筛选四个选项。

  注意,ETS可是很容易设置同义句改写来迷惑你的。

  2. 推断题

  标志:infer,imply,indicate,suggest,most likely

  方法:联系上下文,总结概括,正反推断

  步骤:精读题干,寻找定位词,回原文定位,读懂理解,根据所获信息推导

  遇到较难题时,可以结合排除法(没提及/相反/极端/前半句对后半句错或反之),排除掉错的,正确选项就出来了。

  3. 修辞目的题

  标志: why,in order to(题干中) / To do, Do(选项开头)

  方法:抓住主旨做题

  步骤:定位句不重要,定位句要证明的point最重要。

  所以读到定位句之后要去找该句想证明的点在哪里,一般往前后句或段落的首1/首2句。答案就是point的论点句同义改写句。

  阅读28,怎么开刀

  来一起看看这道推断题,看看阅读28,到底有多远:

  Paragraph3:

  With question such as these clearly before them, the scientists aboard the Glomar Challenger processed to the Mediterranean to search for the answers. On August 23, 1970, they recovered a sample.The sample consisted of pebbles of hardened sediment that had once been soft, deep-sea mud, as well as granules of gypsum and fragments of volcanic rock.

  Not asingle pebble was found that might have indicated that the pebbles came from the nearby continent. In the days following, samples of solid gypsum were repeatedly brought on deck as drilling operations penetrated the seafloor.

  Furthermore,the gypsum was found to possess peculiarities of composition and structure that suggested it had formed on desert flats. Sediment above and below the gypsum layer contained tiny marine fossils, indicating open-ocean conditions. As they drilled into the central and deepest part of the Mediterranean basin, the scientists took solid, shiny, crystal linesalt from the core barrel. Interbedded with the salt were thin layers of what appeared to be windblown silt.

  10.Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 3 about the solid gypsum layer?

  ○It did not contain any marine fossil.

  ○It had formed in open-ocean conditions.

  ○It had once been soft, deep-sea mud.

  ○It contained sediment from nearby deserts.

  (建议先读,再看答案哦)

  根据题干,可以确定定位词为solid gypsum layer,但仅凭这一个词并不好确定定位句(因为文中好几个句子和solid gypsum layer有关)这个时候阅读长难句的能力派上用场了,能否抓住主干是做题正确的一个很大前提,在有限的时间需要获取足够多有效内容。

  还有很多同学会将定位句定位到The sample (consisted of pebbles of hardened sediment)(that had once been soft, deep-sea mud, as well as granules of gypsum and fragments of volcanic rock.)

  然而这句话说的是样本包括曾经被软泥、深海泥、石膏和火山岩碎屑颗粒组成的坚硬沉积物的鹅卵石。不能帮助我们选出正确选项。

  真正的定位句在后面, Furthermore, the gypsum was found to possess peculiarities of composition and structure that suggested it had formed ondesert flats. Sediment above and below the gypsum layer contained tiny marine fossils, indicating open-ocean conditions.

  石膏被发现含有显示它形成于沙漠平地的特殊成分和结构(既然形成于沙漠平地,那么就不可能含有海洋化石)。后面又说,石膏层上下的沉淀物都含有微小的海洋化石(也算是个暗示,上下都有,唯独没有提到石膏层本身是否含有)。

  总之就是在暗示你:solid gypsum layer和其上层下层都不一样,不含有marine fossil。

  正确答案为A,你...选对了吗?

  以上就是关于“托福阅读28应该怎么练习”的内容,相信大家对接下来的备考内容,有更清晰的了解。考试成绩的高分,并不是一蹴而就的,大家还是需要踏踏实实的练习备考,才能真正的提升我们的分数。


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