托福阅读的提分,我们需要进行多方面的备考积累,尤其是具体的考试题型,我们需要了解具体题型的解题技巧,从而辅助我们在考试中取得高分成绩。具体的这些内容是什么?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  Prose Summary Questions:

  These items measure your ability to understand and recognize the major ideas and the relative importance of information in a passage. You will be asked to select the major ideas in the passage by distinguishing them from minor ideas or ideas that are not in the passage. The correct answer choice will synthesize major ideas in the passage. Because the correct answer represents a synthesis of ideas, it will not match any particular sentence from the passage. To select the correct answer, you will need to create a mental framework to organize and remember major ideas and other important information. Understanding the relative importance of information in a passage is critical to this ability。

  ——P50-51 from OG 3rd edition

  “These items measure your ability to understand and recognize the major ideas and the relative importance of information in a passage。” 从这句话中,我们能看出Prose summary题型要求我们总结整篇文章的主要观点和相对重要的信息。

  我们先对“相对重要的信息”做一下分析。一篇托福阅读文章大约700单词左右,一共会出14道题目。其中的13题可以认为是细节题,而第14题一般为Prose summary(还有一种是Fill in a Table Questions, 比较少见)。那么,前面的13道题会出在文章中的什么地方呢?通过多篇文章的比对,我们可以发现这些题目多数集中在文章的重要信息处。那么这对我们做最后一题有什么帮助呢?我们这样来想——既然文章中重要的地方都出题了,那么我们也可以认为出题的地方都是文章中的重要内容。因此,我们做Prose summary的第一种方法就出现了——回忆之前出过的题。我们可以认为,如果Prose summary的某个选项和前面13道题中的某道题目描述的含义基本相同,那么这个选项极有可能就是正确答案。我们来看两道例题:

  例一:TPO15 P1 Q14

  The leatherback turtle uses a countercurrent exchange system in order to keep the flippers from drawing heat away from the rest of the body。

  这个选项重复了第8题;

  The leatherback turtle is able to maintain body heat through sheer size。

  这个选项重复了第5题的出题句;

  Leatherbacks have an insulating layer that can be considered the reptilian version of blubber。

  这个选项重复了第4题的出题点。

  例二:TPO14 P1 Q13

  Children may not be able to interpret exaggerated claims made by advertisers or understand the disclaimers used to offset claims。

  这个选项重复了第3、4题;

  Although the use of celebrities is not necessarily effective in advertisements aimed at children, there is evidence that host selling can positively affect their views of a product。

  这个选项对应第9、10题;

  The use of fantasy is especially common in advertisements for children, but children may not be able to distinguish fantasy from reality。

  这个选项实际就是第12题的再现。

  以上就是关于“托福阅读summary题的技巧”的内容,希望通过本篇文章的学习,对大家的考试有更好的帮助,也希望大家能够在考试中取得优异的成绩,早日实现留学梦想!更多精彩内容,敬请关注本频道的更新!


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