托福阅读备考中,对于长难句部分,大家也要进行相应的备考积累。其实攻克长难句,除了学习掌握一定的技巧,更重要的还是要多进行练习,多掌握不同的长难句类型,才能够更好的解读长难句。下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  1.Totally without light and subjected to intense pressures hundreds of times greater than at the Earth’s surface,the deep—ocean bottom is a hostile environment to humans,in some ways as forbidding and remote as the void of outer space.

  (定语后置in some ways…)

  由于完全没有光,而且承受着比在地球表面大数百倍的极大压力,深海底部对人类而言是一个充满敌意的

  环境,在某些方面就像外层空间一样险恶和遥远。

  分句1:Totally without light and subjected to intense pressures

  分句2:hundreds of times greater than at the Earth’s surface

  分句3:the deep—ocean bottom is a hostile environment to humans

  分句4:in some ways as forbidding and remote as the void of outer space

  分句2修饰分句1结尾的短语intense pressures,

  分句1是分句3的原因状语

  分句3是整个长句子的主句

  分句4是分句3的后置定语,修饰分句3的a hostile environment to humans

  整个句子结构是:

  原因状语+主句+后置定语

  这是主句前后分别有状语和定语的修饰成分,但是本句其实不是复合句。句子的核心意思是深海对于人类

  而言是一个充满敌意的环境。

  2.Basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War is the country's impressive

  population growth.

  (倒装结构Basic to any understanding…is…)

  要理解二战之后20年中的加拿大,就必须了解该国惊人的人口增长。

  分句1:Basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War

  分句2:is

  分句3:the country's impressive population growth

  分句1,2,3共同构成倒装句,正常的语序应该是3,2,1,即:该句的正常语序是The country's impressive

  population growth is basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War.

  本句是一个简单句,只不过使用了倒装,谓语动词是is.

  3.As a result,claims that eating a diet consisting entirely of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or

  provides other benefits to health have become widely publicized and form the basis for folklore.

  (同位语从句claims that…)

  结果,那些认为只食用绿色食品就能防治疾病或增进健康的观点广为人知,并成为一些民间说法的基础。

  分句1: that eating a diet consisting entirely of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or provides

  other benefits to health

  分句2:claims have become widely publicized and form the basis for folklore

  分句2嵌套分句1,分句1作为分句2主语的同位语从句嵌套在分句2中。因此本句的主句是claims have

  become widely publicized and form the basis for folklore. 那些观点广为人知,并成为一些民间说法的基础。

  同位语从句是that eating a diet consisting entirely of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or

  provides other benefits to health:只食用绿色食品就能防治疾病或增进健康

  以上就是关于“托福阅读120长难句解析资料”的内容,希望通过本篇文章的学习,对大家的考试有更好的帮助,也希望大家能够在考试中取得优异的成绩,早日实现留学梦想!更多精彩内容,敬请关注本频道的更新!


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