Which technology has made the greatest impact on people's life in your country: airplane, computer or television?
While airplane and television are surely very important inventions, I believe computer is probably more helpful in people's life. For one thing, computer helps people so much in their studies since it allows people to write research papers and create PowerPoint presentations. You know, in the past, students had to rewrite their paper which costs them bunches of time. But now they only need to do some minor edit on the computer. For another, computer can be used as a convenient and efficient tool to communicate with others. People now have been accustomed to chat through online communication tools such as Skype, QQ and so forth. Furthermore, computer can meet all our needs of entertainment, including music, movies and video games.
Some people believe that it is better for children to grow up in big cities. Others believe that it is better for children to grow up in small towns or rural areas. What is your opinion?
Personally speaking, children will definitely benefit more from living in big cities, especially metropolis. First of all, big cities provide children with high-quality education resources and facilities, which are not available in rural areas. You know, most of the prestigious schools are located in big cities which are of advanced facilities like projectors, computers and so on. On the other hand, children can receive better medical insurance since medical and healthcare technology is better in big cities. Rural areas usually lack doctors with formal license, not even mention some checking machines. The myriad life of metropolis is indispensable to the all-round and harmonious development of children's character.
The woman expresses her opinion about the university?s plan. Briefly summarize the plan. Then state her opinion about the plan and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.
The student proposes that the university should build a parking lot, as it’s hard to find a parking place on campus and there’s a wood area suitable for the need. The speaker disagrees with the statement. There are two reasons. Firstly, there are some places for parking near the dining hall and the library, several blocks away. And she doesn't think there should always be a parking spot outside the building they are visiting. Moreover, the green area is the only place on campus where there is plenty of trees and students enjoy studying and reading there. School should leave the area alone instead of eliminating it for something they don't need.
Using the example from the lecture, explain the use of image advertising to sell products.
In order to advertise a product, companies tend to link a positive image with their product and the image should be easy to remember. The professor talks about an example of a cookie company. The company uses a big bear as the image on the box of their cookies and the character is also shown on TV commercials. The image of big bear is easy to remember and when it dances and says something funny on TV, the children like it very much. Therefore, year by year, the company sells more cookies than any of its competitors.
Briefly summarize the problem the speakers are discussing. Then state which of the two solutions from the conversation you would recommend. Explain the reasons for your recommendation.
The speaker volunteers in an elementary school and she is supposed to take the kids for picnic in the weekends. But it’s going to rain the whole day that day. There are two solutions for her. Firstly, she can reschedule the picnic next week and call every family tonight, but someone may miss out. Secondly, she can arrange the activity in a restaurant, but it’ll be less fun and cannot be called a picnic. Compared with the solutions, I prefer the second, and at least children will not be disappointed with the activity cancellation and they can rearrange the picnic next time.
Using the example of baboons from the lecture, explain two ways in which display behavior can help animals maintain group unity.
Group life provides animals with protection from predators and social companies. There are two kinds of display behaviors animal use to avoid conflicts and resolve conflicts within a group. The first is threatening. The behavior doesn't aim to harm, but send a signal of warning. Take a kind of monkey for example. When two monkeys see food at the same time, one may threaten the other and after receiving the warning message, the other may leave without fighting. The second is to hug each other after punching. If two monkeys does fight with each other over the food they found, they may hug after the physical attack, and the conflict is resolved.