托福阅读想要拿到高分,一方面是阅读文章本身入手,另外一方面就是从题型出发。找到题型的特点,抓住解题的关键,也能够辅助大家拿到阅读的高分。那么对于分类填表题,具体的解题技巧是什么?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  托福阅读分类填表题

  OG中明确给出了本类题目计分的原则。分类填表题给出的表一般有2类或者3类组成;有四种情况:2类5正确选项;3类5正确选项;2类7正确选项;3类7正确选项。对于有5个正确选项得题,一共值3分,答对5个得3分,答对4个得2分,答对3个得1分,答对2个或2个以下不得分;对于有7个正确选项的题,共值4分,答对7个得4分,答对6个得3分,答对5个得2分,答对4个得1分,答对3个或3个以下不得分。

  这种题,无论是分成2类还是3类,都肯定是文章中明确给出的。而且应该是文章写作的线索,是文章划分结构的依据。都有很明显的结构上的标志,有助于区分开。正确选项,一般都在文中以小列举的形式出现,只要把握了文章结构,选出来并不困难。我认为这种题比较容易。练习几次就能找到窍门,应该好好把握这种肥而不腻的题。

  下面小编为大家准备托福阅读分类填表题的例题加解析我们一起来看一下。

  Directions: Complete the table below by selecting three answer choices that are characteristics of primary groups and two answer choices that are characteristics of secondary groups. This question is worth 3 points.

  这种题型ETS称之为填入表格题,别名对号入座题,这类题型大多出现于整体架构有分类或对比的文章中,与文章小结题不会同时出现,属于互斥,但与文章小结题非常类似,都出现在文章的最后一题,题干相对固定,填入表格题不仅考察学生对主体信息与细节信息的区分能力,还考察学生对不同信息分类填入表格的能力。一般是七选五的题目,五个全正确,满分三分,四个正确得两分,三个正确得一分,两个或两个以下,没有分,也就是你全做对了,性价比会很高,就做对两个或一个,浪费了时间还没有分,不如不做,很悲催是吧,很多同学一碰到填入表格题就头疼,觉得找不到地方,信息点又很琐碎,回原文定位时间需求量比较大,所以得到满分的情况不多,那我们有没有什么方法可以缩减做题时间并提升正确率呢?先从出题思路说起。

  首先我们先来分析一下填入表格题的题目特点,七选五或五选三,再对号入座,换句话说,必定有两个多余的选项是不能跟给出的表格匹配的,那我们在做题的时候可以先排除掉这两个无关选项,再进行信息匹配,那怎样一眼就可以排除掉呢,看主体,主体一致的保留,不一致的直接排除,举个例子:

  Directions: Complete the table below by matching THERE of the five answer choices with the ways advances supported agriculture and the military.

  A. They were the first to invent the wheel.

  B. The Sumerians were the first to use writing.

  C. The stars told when it was time to plant.

  D. The wheel was used for carts in battle.

  E. Writing kept track of food storage.

  Sumerian Civilization

  The Sumerians made many advances. They first improved agriculture. They later established a military. The Sumerians are thought to have invented the wheel. It was first used for pottery, which was essential for storing crops. Then it was used for grinding grain. Last, it was then used for farm and military vehicles. Sumerians were the first to use writing and math, even before the Egyptians. This helped them organize their society. These systems were used to keep track of food storage and trade. The military used it to keep track of men, weapons, and supplies. They were the first to study the stars and sun in a serious way. It helped them tell time so they could decide when to plant crops. A way of reading the stars also helped them plan when to attack their enemies. They believed that the state could speak of their success or failure.

  解析:先看题目,要求五选三,分别选出支持agriculture和 military,这两个单词大家都不陌生,指农业和军事,那我们选的选项得跟这两方面对应,谨记这一点,我们看选项,A中陈述他们最先发明轮子,没写作用,说跟农业和军事有关吗?无关,排除;B中陈述他们最先使用写作,没写影响,说跟农业和军事有关吗?无关,排除。排除了两个无关选项,下一步就是对号入座了,C中出现了plant,跟农业有关,D中出现了battle,跟军事有关,五选三,农业选二,军事选一,那剩余的E项肯定是跟农业有关的了,而且E 中出现了food,符合我们的选择,我们已经完全做对了题目,做题速度大有提高吧,看到这,可能有同学说我们只看几个关键词,那如果有关键词但表述错误怎么办,这样只看关键词选择是不是就不对了,这时要明白的是我们已经把无关选项排除掉了,也就是说剩余的选项必定是相关的,必定也是正确的,这时候我们完全可以根据关键词进行信息匹配,再对号入座就能够做对题目了。

  以上就是关于“托福阅读分类填表题的介绍”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,让大家更好地备考考试,小编在这里预祝大家在考试中有更好的发挥,拿到高分成绩,如果大家在备考中有什么疑问,也可以咨询我们的在线老师哟~~~


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