托福独立写作话题中,关于生活类型的话题,也是考试中比较常见的。那么在实际的备考中,我们还是针对这类型的具体题目,进行相应的练习。那么这类话题的题目以及范文都有哪些?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  写作话题:

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? If you need to discuss upsetting or controversial problems with others, you should use e-mail or text messages rather than use the telephone or voice-messaging.

  参考范文:

  Everyone encounters awkward problems and miscommunication in life. Many times we must communicate to clear up misunderstandings or resolve a controversy. In this situation, is it better to use written media, like emails and text messages, or verbal communication through the phone or voice–messaging? Personally, I believe that text messages and emails are best, because they allow more opportunity to be clear and help the writer think clearly.

  Written text can often express opinions more clearly than verbal communication, and can be delivered directly. For example, an angry person might hang up the phone without giving the caller a chance to express himself. It’s also easy to erase voice messages. To hear the voice of someone whom you are angry with may make you more angry still. But writing is a step removed from the person. It is easier to read than to listen calmly. Furthermore, few people can resist reading an email or text if it comes in. There is a much better chance that written communication will clearly reach the recipient.

  Writing also allows people to organize their thinking efficiently. In fact, writing helps a person more easily see if their argument has merit, and what possible problems it might have. Imagine James, who is in an argument with his father about whether to study physics or music. When they speak with each other, nothing but argument ensues. But when James sits down and organizes an email, illustrating his standpoint clearly and presenting all the potential benefits and shortcomings of his position, he is able to win his father’s understanding. Not only is writing easier to follow through on than calling, but it also allows the person more time for thorough consideration and prep.

  Admittedly, using the telephone and voice-messaging can have advantages. Problems can often be addressed more quickly through verbal communication. Verbal communication is also considered more personal by many people. However, often times it simply makes the situation even worse. When people talk on the phone, they are inclined to be more emotional, which does not help in resolving upsetting problems.

  In a nutshell, my preferred approach to discussing upsetting problems is to use e-mail and text messaging rather than telephone and voice-message communication.

  参考译文:

  每个人都会在生活中遇到一些尴尬的问题和误解。很多时候,我们必须通过沟通来澄清误解或解决争议。在这种情况下,是采用书面媒体如电子邮件和短信,还是通过电话或语音短信的口头沟通更好?我个人更偏向于使用短信和电子邮件,因为它们允许当事人有更多的机会做出清晰的思考。

  书面文字比言语交流能更有效地表达意见。例如,一个人生气时可能会挂断电话,不给对方以表达自我的机会。语音消息也很容易清除。听到那个令你生气的人的声音,你可能会觉得更生气。但写信是一种可以远离他人的方式。平静地阅读比平静地听别人讲话要容易。而且,当收到邮件或消息时,很少有人能抑制自己不去读。书信更有可能明确地 ( 把信息 ) 传递给接收者。

  写作也可以让人们有效地组织自己的思想。事实上,写作能让一个人更容易看到他们的观点是否有优势或者可能存在的问题。想象一个人——詹姆斯,他正在和爸爸争论应该学物理还是音乐。他们一开始对话,争吵就随之而来。但是,当詹姆斯坐下来通过写电子邮件来清晰地说明他的立场,陈述他立场中所有潜在优点或者缺陷时,他就能赢得父亲的理解。看书面文字不仅比听电话更容易让人坚持到底,也让人有更多的时间进行彻底的思考和准备。

  诚然,使用电话和语音消息也有优势。问题往往可以通过语言交流得以更快的解决。另外, 很多人也认为语言交流更为个人化。 然而,有些时候,它只会让情况变得更糟。当人们在电话中交谈的时候,他们容易变得更加情绪化,这不利于解决棘手的问题。

  概括地说,我会首选使用电子邮件和短信(和别人) 讨论棘手问题,而不会通过电话和语音消息来沟通。

  范文点拨:

  范文根据话题给出五段。首段引出问题,表明笔者的观点为“对于讨论比较尴尬的问题,用文字方式沟通比用语音更好”,并给出两点原因 (更有效地表达意见和更有效地组织思想) 为铺垫,引出下文的论证。接下来的两个主体段分别说明两个原因,运用事实论证法和案例论证法进行论证。第四段为让步段,包含了让步论证和转折论证。结尾段用一句话重述观点。

  以上就是关于“托福生活方式类独立写作练习”的内容,希望通过本篇文章的学习,对大家的考试有更好的帮助,也希望大家能够在考试中取得优异的成绩,早日实现留学梦想!更多精彩内容,敬请关注本频道的更新!


展开显示全文