托福考试中,尤其是听力和阅读部分,经常考察一些天文或者宇宙类的知识内容。通常这类内容的理解难度比较大,所以大家在日常复习中,可以先重点掌握相关的词汇内容,来更好的积累练习。下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  1. Cosmos 宇宙

  Cosmology 宇宙学

  Cosmologist 宇宙学家

  例句:Philosopher and physicist Stephen Hawking is probably the world's most famous cosmologist.哲学家和物理学家史蒂芬霍金也许是全球著名的宇宙学家之一。

  2. Asteroid n.小行星 adj.星状的

  Asteroid belt 小行星带

  例句:Many asteroids have been placed in groups and families based on their orbital characteristics. 人们根据轨道特征对许多小行星进行分类。

  3. Axis n.轴;轴心国(纳粹德国、意大利王国和日本帝国)

  英文释义:an imaginary line that passes through Earth’s center and its North and South Poles;the center around which something rotates

  例句:The Earth rotates on an axis between the north and south poles.地球绕着南北两极之间的地轴自转。

  4. Big Bang n.宇宙大爆炸(一种关于宇宙起源的学说)

  英文释义:theory that an explosion created the universe many billions of years ago

  根据霍金的时间简史,大爆炸是宇宙开端的奇点;大挤压则是宇宙终结的奇点。

  这个词还可以指1986年10月27日伦敦证交所的“创世大爆炸”改革

  5. Black hole n. 黑洞(宇宙中包括光线在内的一切事物都会被吸入的区域)

  英文释义:an area in outer space into which everything near it, including light, is pulled.

  时空的一个区域,因为那里的引力是如此之强,以至于任何东西,甚至光都不能从该处逃逸出来。

  6. Comet n.彗星

  英文释义:an object in outer space that develops along, bright tail when it passes near the sun

  来自于拉丁语cometa,长发。因形状如拖着的长头发而得名。

  Halley’s comet 哈雷彗星

  7. Constellation n. 星座

  英文释义:a group of stars that forms a particular pattern and has a name.

  A star in the constellation of Orion猎户座的一颗恒星

  Zodiac 黄道带,指太阳、月亮及行星所行经区域构成的假想带

  上个世纪70年代旧金山出现的自称“十二宫”的连环杀手。

  Chinese Zodiac生肖

  8. Dark matter n. 暗物质

  英文释义:a type of matter that scientists think may exist that does not give off electromagnetic radiation but is quite abundant in the universe

  “存在于星系、星团中以及也许在星系团之间的,不能被直接观测到的但是能用它的引力效应检测到的物质。宇宙物质的90%可能采取暗物质的状态”——《时间简史》

  9. Ellipse n.椭圆

  英文释义:an elongated circle, or oval shape;shape of planetary orbits

  例句:If this is an ellipse around the Earth,then this would be perigee and this would be apogee.

  如果这是一个围绕地球的椭圆形轨道,那么这是近地点,这是远地点。

  Elliptical machine椭圆机

  10. Equinox n.春分,秋分,昼夜平分点

  英文释义:one of the two times in a year when night and day are of equal length

  例句:Why was the rising Sun due east one day after the equinox?

  为什么是春分后一天太阳正好从东方升起?

  The spring equinox春分

  11. Galaxy n.银河;星系

  英文释义:a collection of stars, star systems,dust, and gas bound together by gravity

  the Milky Way 银河

  源自于希腊语galaxias,词根gala意为“乳汁”,古希腊人认为银河是天后赫拉的乳汁流淌而成的。

  例句:There are three main types of galaxy: spiral,elliptical, and irregular

  星系主要有三种类型:螺旋形、椭圆形、和形状不规则的星系。

  12. Light year n. 光年(约为94605亿千米)

  英文释义:the distance that light travels in one year; about 9.46 trillion kilometers

  13. Meteor 流星

  英文释义:any of the small solid galactic bodies that enter the earth's atmosphere

  Astronomers track large meteors using radar天文学家使用雷达跟踪大型流星

  Luminous meteors极光

  14. Nebula n.星云

  英文释义:clouds of gas or dust in the universe that are made visible by the light of neighboring stars

  例句:Light takes as long as 1500 years to reach Earth from the distant Horsehead Nebula 光需要1500年从马头星云传播到地球

  15. Gravity n.重力;

  英文释义:the force of attraction between all masses in the universe

  例句:Because of the moon's smaller mass, its gravity is only one sixth of that on Earth.由于月球的质量较小,其重力仅为地球的六分之一

  Gravity另有“庄重”、“严肃”的意思

  16. Orbit n./v.轨道;绕…作轨道运行

  英文释义:the path of an object as it revolves around another object in space

  例句:The satellite orbits the Earth every 48 hours. 这颗人造卫星每48小时绕地球运行一周

  17. Rotation n.自转;旋转

  英文释义:the spinning motion of a planet on its axis

  例句:The Earth's rotation takes 24 hours. 地球自转需要24小时

  18. solar eclipse 日蚀

  英文释义:when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth

  lunareclipse 月蚀

  英文释义:when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon and casts a shadow on the Moon

  19. Solstice n.至;至点

  来自于古拉丁语“point at which the sun seems to stand still”字面意思即太阳停止的地方。

  英文释义:the time that Earth’s poles point at their greatest angle toward or away from the Sun

  Summer solstice 夏至

  Winter solstice冬至

  20. Tide n.海潮;潮汐

  英文释义:the periodic rise and fall of the sea level under the gravitational pull of the Moon

  Time and tide wait for no man.“岁月不待人”

  Turn the tide 扭转局势;力挽狂澜

  以上就是关于“托福词汇宇宙类的内容整理”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,让大家更好地备考考试,小编在这里预祝大家在考试中有更好的发挥,拿到高分成绩,如果大家在备考中有什么疑问,也可以咨询我们的在线老师哟~~~


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