托福听力的复习中,掌握具体题型的解题思路,也可以让我们更快速的解答题目,那么具体的各部分题型的解题思路是怎样的,如何更好的来备考练习这些听力题目,拿到对应的分数呢?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  托福听力修辞题题数和出现位置介绍

  IBT听力中的修辞题通常出现在课堂演讲(lectures)部分,在2个长对话,4个课堂演讲中,一般占5至6题。

  托福听力修辞题常见提问形式一览

  修辞题通常都是以特殊疑问词开头的特殊疑问句,例如:

  Why does the professor say this?(询问使用了何种修辞手段)

  A: To encourage the students to think about the issue under a bigger context.

  B: To elicit an answer from the students.

  C: To compare two different things figuratively to engage his students.

  D: To describe an imaginative situation.

  How dies the professor illustrate his point about ___? (询问谈话人是如何创造了某种修辞手段的)

  A: by comparing X to Y

  B: by giving an example of X

  Why does the professor say so? (节选了演讲中某一带有修辞用法的部分,让考生回答为什么谈话人用此修辞)

  A: To point out a flaw

  B: To repeat a point

  C: To define an important term

  D: To exemplify a key point

  托福听力修辞题基本解题思路指点

  1. 熟悉常用修辞手段,如比喻(又分明喻、暗喻等)、夸张、比拟、例证、借代、反问、反复、设问等等。

  2. 听原文时即可判断谈话人真实的意图,谈话人某句讲话修辞手法运用明显之时往往就是考点出现的地方。

  3. 注意根据上线问和谈话气氛来综合回答问题,不要脱离主题然后凭空猜测谈话人的修辞意图。

  托福阅读修辞题解题技巧实例讲解

  Professor: Through much of the last century, America’s faith in freedom and democracy was a rock in a raging sea. Now it is a seed upon the wind, taking root in many nations.

  Narrator:Listen again to a part of the lecture. Then answer the question.

  Professor: …Now it is a seed upon the wind, taking root in many nations.

  Why does the professor say this?

  A: To encourage the students to think about the issue under a bigger context.

  B: To elicit an answer from the students.

  C: To compare two different things figuratively to engage his students.

  D: To describe an imaginative situation.

  解析:

  该题是询问为何使用某种修辞手法。

  从谈话节选段落中我们很容易看出,教授使用的是暗喻的方法。

  该段落大概的意思是:在上个世纪的大部分时间里,美国式民主和自由的信仰如石沉大海波澜不惊,而今却如清风拂絮撒落人间。

  暗喻的方式是为了形成对比从而激起听者的想象力活跃课堂谈话的气氛。

  综上所述正确答案为C。

  以上就是关于“托福听力题型的解答思路”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,让大家更好地备考考试,小编在这里预祝大家在考试中有更好的发挥,拿到高分成绩,如果大家在备考中有什么疑问,也可以咨询我们的在线老师哟~~~


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