托福阅读的题型中,也有一些题型是属于比较特殊的,这些无论是从题型特点还是题型技巧,都有很大的区别。所以大家还是要侧重去备考这些内容。那么具体的这些备考题型技巧是什么?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  一、构造类标题变体

  以往见到的是:what is the structure of paragraphXX? 或者是 What is the purpose of paragraph 3? 再或者是 How does paragraph XX relate to XX? 依据构造的读法,我们根本就能肯定构造的开展方向。如今我们看一个这样问的标题:

  TPO27 The Formation of Volcanic Islands

  Paragraph 3:How can volcanic activity occur so far from a plate boundary? The Hawaiian Islands provide a very instructive answer. Like many other island groups, they form a chain. The Hawaiian Islands Chain extends northwest from the island of Hawaii. In the 1840s American geologist James Daly observed that the different Hawaii Islands seem to share a similar geologic evolution but are progressively more eroded, and therefore probably older, toward the northwest. Then in 1963, in the early days of the development of the theory of plate tectonics, Canadian geophysicist Tuzo Wilson realized that this age progression could result if the islands were formed on a surface plate moving over a fixed volcanic source in the interior. Wilson suggested that the long chain of volcanoes stretching northwest from Hawaii is simply the surface expression of a long-lived volcanic source located beneath the tectonic plate in the mantle. Today’s most northwest island would have been the first to form.

  6. In paragraph 3, what is the relationship between the scientific contribution of James Daly and Tuzo Wilson?

  ○ Wilson provided an explanation for the observations made by Daly

  ○ Wilson challenged the theory proposed by Daly

  ○ Wilson found numerous examples of island chains that supported Daly’s theory

  ○ Wilson popularized the explanation of volcanic island formation formulated by Daly

  乍一看,这是一个细节题,特别像关系类细节题。但是定位读完之后,相关专家JD 的理论是“island 分享同榜样块并且…因而 更老older…。”专家TW说 this age progression could result ,也就是说这个过程是能够呈现的,明显是支持并进一步阐明了前边专家的理论。因而关系它们的关系本质是一种支持,是个构造题,正确答案A. 进一步解释。专家W没有用例子证明,无例子一类词汇,扫除C;原文没有说理论一有什么weakness之类的缺陷词汇,扫除B。原文也没有说他如何提高之前的学说,扫除D。

  二、类细节标题

  TPO 27 Crafts in the Ancient near East

  Paragraph 4: Objects themselves suggest that they were the work of skilled professionals. In the late Uruk period (3500-3100 B.C.E.), there first appeared a type of object that remained characteristic for Mesopotamia throughout its entire history: the cylinder seal.

  This was a small cylinder, usually no more than 3 centimeters high and 2 centimeters in diameter, of shell, bone, faience ( a glassy type of stoneware), or various types of stones, on which a scene was carved into the surface.

  11. Paragraph 4 suggests which of the following about the significance of Mesopotamian cylinder seals?

  ○ They were designed more for home than for legal use

  ○ They demonstrate that their creators were professionals

  ○ They were the first example of seals made from materials other than stone

  ○ They were the first example of carved seals

  这个题乍一看是一个细节题,问的是M的重要性,定位原文,并没有关于它很重要的表述;本质上这属于一个修辞目的题,问的是例子存在的价值:支持宗旨:这样我们向前找宗旨,宗旨在段首,关键词是were the work of skilled professionals,也就是技术问题:因而定位答案B.经过这个标题,我们晓得,问例子的重要性的,除非原文有特地表达,否则就要思索修辞目的题。

  以上就是关于“托福阅读特殊题型的解答”的内容,相信大家对接下来的备考内容,有更清晰的了解。考试成绩的高分,并不是一蹴而就的,大家还是需要踏踏实实的练习备考,才能真正的提升我们的分数。


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