在托福写作中,其实用词部分也有一定的技巧。大家在平时的训练中,应该侧重用词的技巧,这样也能够帮助我们更好的来提升写作分数。那么具体的这些用词技巧是什么?如何掌握呢?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  简单说,名词化即是动词或形容词被用作名词的现象。比如动词转成名词:discovery->discovery, move->movement, refuse->refusal,又比如形容词转成名词:careless->carelessness, difficult->difficulty, intense->intensity.那么什么情况下,我们需要进行名词化呢?

  A.谓语动词的宾语部分

  原句:I do not know either what she meant or what he intends.

  名词化:I do not know either her meaning or his intentions.

  B.结合被动形式

  原句:If people decide without enough persuasive information,…

  名词化:If a decision is made without enough persuasive information,…

  C.取代诸如从句中"the fact that"的用法

  原句:The fact that I denied what he accused me of impressed the jury.

  名词化:My denial of his accusations impressed the jury.

  更好的名词化:a. When I denied his accusations, I impressed the jury.

  b. In denying his accusations, I impressed the jury.

  D.名词化部分用在there is/are的后面

  原句:We demand that the government stop taxing entertainment.

  名词化:There is a demand for an end to taxation on entertainment.

  原句:The floods considerably eroded the land.

  名词化:There was considerable erosion of the land from the floods.

  然而,有些时候,在我们的新托福写作方式中认为理所应当使用"名词化"时,老外认为是没有必要的。比如:

  A. 名词化部分跟在动词后面

  原句(名词化"冗余"):The police conducted an investigation into the matter.

  改后:The police investigated the matter.

  B.名词化部分作为主语

  原句:Our discussion is concerned with a tax cut.

  改后:We discussed a tax cut.

  C.连续进行名词化

  原句:a. First, she reviewed the evolution of the dorsal fin.

  b. There was a first a review of the evolution of the dorsal fin.

  改后:First, she reviewed how the dorsal fin evolved.

  D.连接部分名词化

  原句:Their cessation of hostilities was because of their personnel losses.

  改后:They ceased hostilities because they lost personnel.

  原句:The instability of the motor housing did not preclude the completion of the field trials.

  改后:Even though the motor housing was unstable, the research staff completed the field trials.

  以上就是关于“托福写作用词的技巧”的内容,相信大家对接下来的备考内容,有更清晰的了解。考试成绩的高分,并不是一蹴而就的,大家还是需要踏踏实实的练习备考,才能真正的提升我们的分数。


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