Our Aging Society
1. What is the main topic of this address?
A. the growing crisis of inadequate retirement pensions for the future
B. the problem of providing adequate medical care for the elderly
C. the need to reevaluate our attitudes towards senior citizens
2. What was the speaker's purpose in sharing the story about his grandfather?
A. to highlight the difficulties of finding affordable housing in the future
B. to illustrate the preoccupations of older citizens with growing older
C. to describe the lack of public facilities designed for the elderly
3. Which of the following statements did Dr. Miller NOT mention when speaking of senior citizens' "golden years"?
A. The loss of a person's self-identity is most prevalent in one's advancing years.
B. A person's declining health contributes to a feeling of inadequacy.
C. Self-worth is often tied to one's profession and social standing.
4. What do you think the speaker will talk about in the next part of his address?
A. the contributions the elderly can make in our societies
B. the swelling burden of supporting welfare programs in the future
C. our responsibility of building retirement homes for our graying society
5. Where does this plenary address most likely take place?
A. at a retirement home
B. at a conference center
C. at a hospital
1. the need to reevaluate our attitudes towards senior citizens
2. to illustrate the preoccupations of older citizens with growing older
3. The loss of a person`s self-identity is most prevalent in one's advancing years.
4. the contributions the elderly can make in our societies
5. at a conference center
Hello Ladies and Gentleman. It gives me great pleasure to introduce our keynote speaker for today's plenary address, Dr. Howard Miller. Dr. Miller, Professor of Sociology at Washington University, has written numerous articles and books on the issues facing older Americans in our graying society for the past 15 years. Dr. Miller:
Thank you for that introduction. Today, I'd like to preface my remarks from a story from my own life which I feel highlights our common concerns that bring us here together. Several years ago when my grandparents were well into their eighties, they were faced with the reality of no longer being able to adequately care for themselves. My grandfather spoke of his greatest fear, that of leaving the only home they had known for the past 60 years. Fighting back the tears, he spoke proudly of the fact that he had built their home from the ground up, and that he had pounded every nail and laid every brick in the process. The prospect of having to sell their home and give up their independence, and move into a retirement home was an extremely traumatic experience for them. It was, in my grandfather's own words, like having a limb severed off. He was quite emphatic exclaiming that he felt he wasn't important anymore.
For them and some older Americans, their so-called "golden years" are at times not so pleasant, for this period can mean the decline of not only one's health but the loss of identity and self-worth. In many societies, this self-identity is closely related with our social status, occupation, material possessions, or independence. Furthermore, we often live in societies that value that which is "new" or in vogue, and our own usage of lexicon in the English language often does not bode well older for Americans. I mean how would your family react if you came home tonight elated exclaiming, "Hey, come to the living room and see the OLD black and white TV I brought!" Unfortunately, the word "old" conjures up images of the need to replace or discard.
Now, many of the lectures given at this conference have focused on the issues of pension reform, medical care, and the development of public facilities for senior citizens. And while these are vital issues that must be addressed, I'd like to focus my comments on an underlying issue that will affect the overall success of the other programs mentioned. This has to do with realigning our perspectives on what it means to be a part of this group, and finding meaningful roles the elderly can play and should play in our societies.
First of all , I'd like to talk about . . .
numerous adj. 许多的，很多的 (adjective): many
- There were numerous articles in the paper on that problem.
preface vt. 为…加序言;以…开始 (verb): to introduce or begin
The manager prefaced his presentation with the minutes from last meeting.
prospect n. 前途;预期;景色 (noun): the anticipation that something might happen
- His prospects aren't very good for getting a job because he lacks the needed skills.
traumatic adj. 外伤的;创伤的 (adjective): very upsetting or difficult
- Because of air pollution, we have seen some very traumatic changes in the environment..
limb n. 肢，臂;分支;枝干 (noun): a part of the body, like an arm or leg
- Many artificial limbs have been prepared for .
severed adj. 切断的;隔断的 (off) (verb): cut off completely
- The two businesses severed off negotiations after they couldn't agree on any of the important issues.
lexicon n. 词典，辞典 (noun): vocabulary
- Expanding your lexicon in this technical field will help you a great deal.
to be elated 心花怒放 (verb): very happy or excited
- They were elated to hear the good news.
discard vt. 抛弃;放弃;丢弃 (verb): to throw away, to dispose of
- The fish in this river are dying because local industries have been reckless in discarding their waste materials.