托福阅读长难句的训练中,大家可以重点从TPO阅读中出现的长难句入手。这些长难句的类型也有一定的代表性,所以从这些长难句进行深入的复习备考,有利于大家更好的解决长难句问题。下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  Deer Populations of the Puget Sound(TPO4)

  ① A worsening of the plight of deer was to be expected as settlers encroached on the land, logging, burning, and clearing, eventually replacing a wilderness landscape with roads, cities, towns, and factories.

  难句类型:原因状语从句+并列结构+复杂修饰

  固定搭配to be expected表示“可以预见”,as在这里可以表示伴随的状态,译为“随着”,也可以看作引导原因状语从句。另外一个需要注意的就是句中两次出现的并列结构:logging,burning,and clearing,eventually replacing和roads,cities,towns,and factories由于意向一致,这两次并列的出现在阅读时都可以以其中一个作为代表提取出来,从而简化较长的句子,也降低了理解和记忆的难度。

  译文:

  可以预见,鹿群的处境将逐渐恶化,因为人类在他们生活的土地上进行采伐、焚烧,清除障碍,最终将荒野风景变成公路、城市、城镇和工厂。

  意群训练:

  A worsening of the plight of deer was to be expected as settlers encroached on the land, logging, burning, and clearing, eventually replacing a wilderness landscape with roads, cities, towns, and factories.

  【类比】复杂结构的句子,再拿一个长难句举个例子。

  ② In addition to finding an increase of suitable browse, like huckleberry and vine maple, Arthur Einarsen, longtime game biologist in the Pacific Northwest, found quality of browse in the open areas to be substantially more nutritive.

  难句类型:插入成分+固定搭配+复杂修饰

  句中比较明显的插入成分,即出现在两个逗号之间的,有“like huckleberry and vine maple”, 和“longtime game biologist in the Pacific Northwest”,但从广义上来说,开头的In addition to finding an increase of suitable browse,也可以看做是插入成分。在主干部分,提取出find……to be这一固定搭配使句意的理解得以简化:研究对象是“quality of browse in the open areas”,特点是“substantially more nutritive”。

  译文:

  除了找到越来越多适合的嫩叶,比如越橘类和枫叶以外,有很长时间从业经验的太平洋西北的狩猎生物学家亚瑟·埃纳森发现在空旷地区的嫩叶的成分大部分都是更有营养的。

  意群训练:

  In addition to finding an increase of suitable browse, like huckleberry and vine maple, Arthur Einarsen, longtime game biologist in the Pacific Northwest, found quality of browse in the open areas to be substantially more nutritive.

  以上就是关于“托福阅读TPO4的长难句类型”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,让大家更好地备考考试,小编在这里预祝大家在考试中有更好的发挥,拿到高分成绩,如果大家在备考中有什么疑问,也可以咨询我们的在线老师哟~~~


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