托福口语考试部分的各个部分,都有自己的侧重点。对于考生们来说,日常备考中,我们就是根据这些侧重点,来找到解题的关键,并且不断地练习,熟练掌握。才能够帮助我们拿到高分成绩。下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  Task 1

  ·不会出错的格式是:Topic sentence (8-10'')+personal reasons (#1, #2)

  for example, you know这种造成“出戏感”的东西尽量不要出现

  ·如果觉得没话说怎么办?展开叙述方式:1.Before/After形式。适用于讲某人/事物(对我的)重要性。

  2.Personal elements。 一个很好用的句型:it gives me/sb. a sense of ***

  robin的帖子里说12题可只说一点,我个人则喜欢说两点,感觉会更有安全感一些,对于一些客观题理由也能说得更充分。个别12题的题目设置可能要求说不止一点,比如曾看到版友问起,我举的例子是:

  advantages and disadvantages of students watching tv in dorms

  i think allowing students to watch tv in dorms has both advantages and disadvantages. for the good part, watching tv is a beneficial way for students to get information on global news and current events. it helps to entertain students in their free times too since you can watch shows and movies. however, there are negative parts to it too, like it will be too distracting to have a tv around when you need to study for an exam or work on your homework. my roommate had to move her tv out because she said she spend too much time on it that it bothers her she can't finish her work every night.

  思维模式和一点论相同,观点+展开解释+例子,只是例子需要浓缩精练。无论是一点论还是两点论,都需要能支撑你观点的例子和细节。

  Task 2

  ·如果觉得没话说怎么办?展开思路:原因1,原因2;好处1,好处2;好处1,坏处1;别人1,自己1;同意1,发展1。

  task12 除非是题目中有要求(例:talk about the advantage and disadvantage题目就规定了要说两方面),说一点两点都能够拿高分,内容充实即可; 给出论点后用详实的论据,例子,细节来充实。make it personal make it real

  Task 3 第三题考什么?对校园题材阅读和听力的理解和转述

  ·阅读阶段第一步:结合标题迅速记变化(change, increase, renovate, expand, cancel, eliminate, discontinue, reschedule, no longer serve, cut back, etc.)。

  第二步:围绕变化词,找出阅读主题句。

  第三步:阅读1+2模式:学校的一个变化+两个原因/目的/附加信息(如要收钱等等)

  ·听力阶段:(笔记)记下主导人的态度,与阅读中两点相对应的两个理由,主导人说明理由时涉及到的细节能听多少记多少。

  ·答题阶段:Topic Sentence=笔记上的带变化词的主题句+从句说进阅读中的两点+However, ***doesn't like the plan+reasons #1, #2。

  保证在30s内说完阅读内容和表明态度,为后面解释细节留够时间。

  Task 4 第四题考什么?对学术题材阅读和听力的理解,总结复述,以及两者结合

  ·阅读阶段抓紧时间完成两个任务:定位一个概念/定义,做笔记;略读全文。

  ·听力阶段记笔记,重点关注例证过程(例子是怎样和阅读里的概念/定义结合起来的)。答题时对于这个结合点,最简单的结合方法就是加结尾总结句,如:this is how the example/experiment illustrates ***。自然一些的方法是在复述听力的过程中穿插概念,回扣题目

  ·第四题的听力有三种模式:一个大例子(the professor used his life example...),两个方面的例子,对比试验。对比试验通常对转述能力和总结要求较高;两个例子模式对细节要求较高;一个大例子模式最简单。

  举个例子说阅读和听力的结合: tpo17

  Sometimes animals display behaviors that no longer serves a clear purpose because these purposes have disappeared long time ago due to change of habitat conditions, and these kinds of behaviors are called relict behaviors. The professor used pronghorn as an example. Pronghorns live on open grassy plains and they are super fast. This is because a long time ago, lions also lived on grassy plains and chased pronghorns, and pronghorns had to run fast for its survival. But now that lions are extinct, the purpose of running fast has also disappeared. Therefore, pronghorns’ speed has become a relict behavior because of the change of their habitat condition.

  粗体字部分把例子和阅读里的概念联系了起来。

  Task 5 第五题考什么?信息量

  ·听力阶段:找出问题人,锁定问题,找出两个解决方案和对应利/弊端。

  ·答题阶段:问题和解决方案要简单概括,留够时间说明自己的选择和原因。不管是在介绍方案还是在说推荐理由时,尽量把听力中所有的细节都点到。时间分配可大致遵循15s+15s+30s

  举个例子说说信息量:tpo13

  The man has a problem with his club event. As the president of the anthropology club, he was supposed to drive everyone to an exhibition tomorrow with his mom’s van, but the van broke down and couldn't be repaired on time. He has two solutions: first is to rent a van and ask everyone to split the bill, second is to postpone the trip until the van is back. I recommend him to go with the first plan, because firstly, since everyone was ready for the trip tomorrow, it would be disappointing for them to cancel it. Secondly, I’m sure his club members would understand the situation and split the bill for the rent, and he could justask the rest of the members to pay him later.

  听力信息量:solution1借车:利:能去(不失望)弊:有几个人不付钱;solution2等车:利:不花钱 弊:去不成失望。我在说自己的理由中将大部分利弊分析融合了进去。也可以在前面介绍两个solution时加上一些信息。

  Task 6 第六题考什么?对学术听力的理解和框架性总结复述

  ·听力阶段:做笔记;

  了解课程模式:常见模式有1. theory/concept→application

  2. process→function

  3. theory/concept→exemplification

  ·答题阶段:基本内容为paraphrase听力内容,按照课程模式展开。一般是开篇总结+两点论,非常清晰的结构,两点下面分别复述例子。

  托福口语考试经验:

  Task1和2如果用两点式来答的话,可以有偏重。即可以将一个点讲得个人化,透彻一些,另一个在时间不够或不好展开的情况下,简略说明也可以。笔者考试时第一题说的太慌张了,第二点草草带过,整体说的结结巴巴,但是对我的分数没有影响。

  但前提是只要是出现的要点就要说得靠谱,逻辑通顺。

  Task3-6考听力的比重很大。尤其要求听力中细节的把握与重现。笔者对付听力的招数是全文笔记,答题时即使引用了听力中的原词原句也没有影响我的分数,给同样爱读笔记的筒子参考。但要注意就算是复述也要有不同侧重。

  建议考前多练几套题,把自己常用的连接词,句式什么的固定下来。模板这东西见仁见智,结构要学,细节要弃。考前练习的最终目的是要把答题风格个人化。

  整体来讲,笔者认为整个口语部分中考官最希望听到1.清晰的逻辑和思路;2.对阅读和听力材料的完整并有重点的把握;3.流利顺畅的口语表达。

  以上就是关于“托福口语录音笔记整理”的内容,想要更好地申请留学,那么大家在备考的过程中,就要更好地提高我们的语言成绩,这样在我们之后的申请中才能有更大的帮助。小编也提前预祝大家能够取得高分成绩。


展开显示全文