在托福听力考试中,主旨题也算是考试的高频题型。所以在实际的备考中,大家应该针对这类的考试题型,掌握一些解题技巧。通过对一些具体的例题解析,可以让我们更充分的掌握。下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  基本介绍 :

  IBT听力主旨题考查把握谈话或演讲的主要内容的能力。主旨,是一个谈话或演讲的主要内容的综合概括。换一句话说,一段谈话或演讲的主旨是谈话人认为最为核心的内容。

  IBT 听力主旨题特点 :

  在一段长演讲中,通常会有两个或以上的主要表述内容,但这些内容往往是相互关联的,它们互相补充构成一个完整的主题。

  出题模式 :

  IBT听力主旨题的问题常常以特殊疑问词开头, 例如:

  What does announcement mainly about?

  A: A parking garage closure in holidays.

  B: Problems in the school’s garage.

  C: Student activities on holidays.

  D: Holiday emergency measures.

  What is the subject of the conversation?

  What aspect of ___does the professor mainly discuss?

  What problem does the man have?

  What are the man and the woman discussing?

  What is the topic of the discussion?

  What is the woman’s problem?

  What is the lecture mainly about?

  解题技巧 :

  在做IBT主旨题的时候一定要尽量把握文章的整体思路, 可以从以下几个方面来进行:

  1、记住谈话人语气加重所强调的人,事物或概念。

  2、努力把握谈话或演讲中的关键词或短语。尤其要关注谈话人不止一次提到的词或短语。

  3、从宏观上把握谈话或演讲的内容,提炼出讲话的主题。例如:

  (一)

  Narrator: Listen to a campus announcement and answer the question.

  M: The East Campus Garage will be closed during the Holiday break from Thursday, December 22, 2005, 10:30 p.m. through Monday, January 2, 2005, 11:30 p.m. Please be certain to make the necessary arrangements to have your vehicle out of the garage before it closes. If you have left your vehicle in the garage after closing, please contact University Police at 8---2323, so you may exit the garage. There will be no admittance into the garage after closing. The parking office will be closed through January 2nd. Urgent messages left in voice mail or sent to the parking email account will be periodically monitored and responded to on December 27---29. All non---urgent matters will be addressed when the office re-opens on January 3, 2006. The parking gates on campus are lifted during this period and parking is available in all surface parking gates on camps are lifted during this period and parking is available in all surface parking lots except Wean and Warner Hall. Thank you for your cooperation and have a safe and happy holiday!

  What does announcement mainly about?

  A: A parking garage closure in holidays.

  B: Problems in the school’s garage.

  C: Student activities on holidays.

  D: Holiday emergency measures.

  解析 :

  1. 先总体把握材料提供的内容, 讲的是这样的一件事: The East Campus Garage will be closed during the Holiday break from Thursday, December 22, 2005, 10:30 p.m. through Monday, January 2, 2005, 11:30 p.m.

  2. 通过对材料的分析, 可以了解到A为正确的答案.

  3. B: Problems in the school’s garage. 答案过于精确.

  4. C: Student activities on holidays. 过于笼统, 不正确.

  5. D: Holiday emergency measures. 过于笼统, 不正确.

  所以正确答案为A.

  ( 二 )

  Professor: Through much of the last century, America’s faith in freedom and democracy was a rock in a raging sea. Now it is a seed upon the wind, taking root in many nations.

  Narrator: Listen again to part of the lecture. Then answer the question.

  Professor: … Now it is a seed upon the wind, taking root in many nations.

  What is the professor mainly about?

  A: To encourage the students to think about the issue under a bigger context.

  B: To elicit an answer from the students.

  C: To compare two different things figuratively to engage his students.

  D: To describe an imaginative situation.

  分析 :

  1、从教授的谈话中, 可以看出教授使用的是暗喻的方法.

  2、段落大致的意思是: 在上个世纪的大部分时间里, 美国式民主和自由的信仰如石沉大海, 波澜不惊; 而今, 却如清风拂絮, 撒落人间. 可见. 暗喻的方式是为了形成对比, 从而激起听者的想象力, 活跃课堂谈话的气氛.

  3、综合上下文, 答案C 为正确答案.

  以上就是关于“托福听力主旨题技巧的分析内容”的内容,希望通过本篇文章的学习,对大家的考试有更好的帮助,也希望大家能够在考试中取得优异的成绩,早日实现留学梦想!更多精彩内容,敬请关注本频道的更新!


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