托福口语考试的第四题部分,大家想要更好的完成作答,平时也要注重积累一些具体的答题技巧,这样有利于我们更充分的掌握高分技巧,让我们在考试中有更好的发挥。具体的这些答题模板和技巧有什么?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  阅读内容:

  Revealing Coloration 00:45 seconds

  Many animals use coloration to protect themselves from predators. ? One defensive strategy involving the use of coloration is what is known as revealing coloration. ? Animals employing this strategy have an area of bright color on some part of their body, this bright color is usually hidden from predators’ view. When approached by a predator, the animal suddenly reveals the area of bright color, this unexpected display of color startles or confuses the predator and provides the would-be-prey with an opportunity to escape.

  文本分析

  Title:

  Revealing Coloration

  考生对Coloration一词较熟,可预测段落解释重点放在Revealing上。

  定义:

  中重复出现了标题Revealing Coloration,并且有非常明显的提示词known as 。结合内容,动物保护色是动物进行自我防御的一种策略。因此,该句是定义句。

  注意点:

  很多考生认为定义句一般出现在段落开头,但?中指出许多动物用颜色作为保护,以预防捕食者的袭击。这属于背景叙述,不是定义句。

  中是对动物保护所采取的strategy的的具体描述,因为从句较长,考生应该对内容加以概括或适当舍弃。

  笔记

  Title:

  Revealing Coloration

  定义:

  defen strategy

  use color.

  答题要点:

  Definition:

  Revealing coloration is a defensive strategy used by animals to protect themselves from predators.

  听力内容:

  There’s a large tropical insect called the Peanut Bug. Yes, like the peanuts you eat. Um, and the ? Peanut Bugs front wings are colored so they blend in with their surroundings. But its back wings, which are usually closed and hidden, have these bright colorful spots on them. ? And when the Peanut Bugs are attacked, it suddenly opens its back wings and out pop these bright colors. And that surprises the predator and gives the Peanut Bug a chance to get away.

  Um, ? then you have a butterfly called the morpho butterfly. And parts of the morpho butterfly wings are very shiny. They reflect a lot of sunlight. ? When this butterfly is resting, this shiny part of its wings is hidden. ? Now morpho butterflies are often attacked by birds. So when a bird approaches, the morpho flies away. And when the morpho flaps its wings, all the bird can see are flashes of light reflected from the morpho’s wings. Those flashes of light make it very difficult for the bird to follow the morpho. And the morpho is usually able to get away.

  关键点

  1 Example :

  教授在讲座中会用一个例子阐述阅读材料中的学术话题。在这种情况下,考生在复述过程中,应该尽可能地讲出该例子中的细节,并注意细节与细节之间的逻辑关系。

  2 Examples:

  或者,教授会在讲座中用两个例子阐述阅读材料中的学术话题,两个例子可能是有关于教授自身的经历,也有可能是来自其他方面。

  注意点:

  如果讲座中,教授讲述的是一个实验或者一项研究,考生务必从实验对象、实验过程、实验结果三个方面去论述阅读中的academic topic.

  2 Examples:

  中教授以the Peanut Bug为例来说明解释说明Revealing Coloration。

  中,教授说道,Peanut Bugs的前翅是有颜色的,因此呈现出与周围的环境很和谐的效果。?中,指出Peanut Bugs一旦被袭击,就会打开后翅out pop these bright colors,然后给自己可以逃离捕食者的机会。

  中教授讲了另一个例子the morpho butterfly,来进一步解释说明Revealing Coloration。?中指出,当这种butterfly休息的时候,翅膀的闪亮的部分就会被藏起来。?中,教授继续说道,morpho butterflies 会遭到鸟类的攻击,而翅膀的保护色会让鸟类难以找到它们,而趁机逃跑。

  两个例子可以从“自身拥有保护色”和“借助保护色逃离被捕食”两个角度分别叙述。

  笔记

  2 Examples:

  Peanut Bug

  前翅colored , 与环境和谐

  attacked, open 后翅,get away

  Morph. butterf.

  shiny part , hidd

  attacked ,difficu. follow

  答题要点:

  Example 1:

  The first example is peanut bug. The peanut bug’s back wings are usually closed and have bright colorful spots on them. When peanut is attacked, it suddenly opens its back wings to show its bright colors that surprise its predators

  Example 2:

  The second example is morpho butterfly. Parts of Morpho Butterfly’s wings are very shiny. When the butterfly is resting, the wings are hidden. When the butterfly is attacked by birds, it flaps the wings to reflect flashes of light that can make it hard for birds to catch the butterfly.

  答题模板:

  In the reading, the article talks about___?___, (which means___?___)

  In the listening, the professor gives out one/ two example(s) to explain the title.

  For instance, ___________?____________.

  The second is___________?____________.

  Therefore, by giving out this/these example(s), the professor tells us the meaning of ______?______.(optional)

  模板解析:

  根据拿到阅读材料,立刻记下标题的原则,?中说出具体title,之后根据提示词找出定义句,?中具体说出definition。如果定义太长或难以概括,可以省略不说。

  听讲座时,带着“老师用什么例子来进行说明”这个问题去听。听力材料的前两句话,老师会给出所听内容的概括性介绍。再结合阅读给出的概念。再听举例说明。其方法通常是举出扩展事例,举反例或是短文中概念的实际应用。

  ?和?处分别复述讲座中教授是如何用一个或者两个例子,具体说明阅读材料中的academic topic的。

  最后,如果时间有多余,可以加上结尾句,在?处重新说出阅读标题,概括整个回答。

  范文:

  In the reading, it says that revealing coloration is a defensive strategy used by animals to protect themselves from predators. The professor uses two examples to explain this concept. The first example is peanut bug. The peanut bug’s back wings are usually closed and have bright colorful spots on them. When peanut is attacked, it suddenly opens its back wings to show its bright colors that surprise its predators. So it reveals the usually hidden bright color in back wings to startle its predators. Then the peanut bug can escape. The second example is morph butterfly. Parts of Morpho Butterfly’s wings are very shiny. When the butterfly is resting, the wings are hidden. When the butterfly is attacked by birds, it flaps the wings to reflect flashes of light that can make it hard for birds to catch the butterfly. In other words, it reveals the bright color of its wings to confuse its predators. So the Morpho Butterfly can get away.

  以上就是关于“托福口语task4答题模板解析”的内容,想要更好地申请留学,那么大家在备考的过程中,就要更好地提高我们的语言成绩,这样在我们之后的申请中才能有更大的帮助。小编也提前预祝大家能够取得高分成绩。


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